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Xxx tetas planas gif gif. descargar videos para adultos gratis. videos de sacudidas de culo negro gratis. 100 esposas calientes gratis quieren sexo. coño boquiabierto joder agujero video. venas secas inflamadas en el pene. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx by Language. CALL No. K, CAtiK, M. SE, Litt. It-No JMh It is to be hoped therefore tliat the present translation will be acceptable to the English reading public; for there is in it much that is very good readings and read article is lightly written. Of its author, Philostratus, we do not know much ajiart from his own works, from which we may gather that he was burn in the island of Lemnos about the year of our era, that he went to Athens as a young man to study rhetoric, and later on to Home. Here lie actpiired a reputation a. He also u. Philostratus als] os. Tumblr sexy halloween girls Bbw big boods.

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Fun With Debrahann Xxx & Rome Major. Impeccable Debra In Free Live Video Cam Do Magical On. For they curve round the continental tract in question, and discharge tlitur waters into the same.

But there are ] eopIe here say that the greater part of the Euphrates is lost in a marsh, and that this river uids in the earth.

Well, for the sake of accuracy and Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, and in order to leave out nothing of the tilings that Damis wrote, I should have liked to relate all the incidents that occurred on their journey througli these barbarous regions; but my subject liurries me on to greater and more remarkable episodes. Nevertheless, I must perforce dwell upon two topics: For Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx learnt this on his way through these Arab tribes who best understand it and practise it.

When he saw a man so dried up and parched, he began to bawl out like a cowardly woman and hid his face, and could hardly be induced to look up at Iiim. I have sent myself, to see whether I can make men of you, whether you like it or not. I am Apollonius of Tyana, and my road leads me to the king of India, because I want to acxpiaint myself with the country there ; and I shall be glad to meet your king, for those who have associated with iiim say that he is no bad fellow, and certainly he is not, if he is this Vardan who has lately rec'overed the empire which lie had lost.

Take a jar of it, with some roast steaks of bacM n and venison and some meal and bread and anything else you like. And I will also supply you with vegetables, the best which the gardens of the Tigris afford. And it really was a marvel ; for when it was cut asunder they found eight wlielps within it. And tlie lioness becomes a mother in this way. Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx

And you may guess the number of the months from that of the whelps, and that of the years from the lioness ; for you must compare wholes with wholes.

Calchas surely explained these to signify nine years and predicted that tlie war with Troy would last so long; so take care that Homer may not be right and Calchas, too, and that our stay may not extend to nine years abroad.

For things that violate nature can hardly come to be ; and they any- how quickly pass to destruction, even if they do come into existence. So he related his vision to him, and feigned as if it foreboded evil. But Damis began to bellow as if he had seen the dream hini. But I will explain to you the real drift of the dream. It would, seem then that the gods are in- ceap. And perhaps also the souls of the Greeks this web page lot was cast in this part of Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx world are enlisting my aid for their land.

Let us then go on and diverge from the high- road, and ask only about the well, hard by which their settlement is. That he really did visit Cissia, he himself acknowledges in a letter whicJi he wrote to the sophist Letter of! Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx is in harmony with this. But the soil is drenched with pitchy, and is bitter to plant in; and the inhabitants are very short livedj because the pitch in the water forms a sediment in most, of their bowels.

And they get their sustenance off a bit of rising ground on the confines of the village, where the ground rises above the tainted country ; on this they sow their crops and regard it as their land.

And they managed to open a quarry on the hill; and as some of them understood the art of cutting stone, they built temples in the Greek style and a market-place large enough for their purpose ; and they dedicated vaxdous altar. But up to the.

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Here we who Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx sailed over the here billows of the Aegean sea Are lying in the midst of the plain of Ecbataiui.

Farewell, once-famed fatherland of Eretria, farewell Athens, Ye neighbours of Euboea, farewell, thou darling sea. Well, pamis says that Apollonius restored the tombs that had gone to ruin aud closed them more info, and that he poured out libations and made offerings to their inmates, all that religion demands, except that he did not slay or sacrifice any victim ; then after weeping and in an access of emotion, he delivered himself of the following apostrophe in their midst: And the Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx are roofed with bronze, ohap.

And they delight in Orpheus, perhaps out of regard for his peaked cap and breeches, for it cannot be for his music or the songs with which he charmed and soothed others. And woven into the pattern you perceive Datis drawing up Naxos out of the sea, and Artaphernes beleaguering Eretria, and such battles of Xerxes as he said he won. F or a little further off, of course, there is Athens and Thermopylae, and other pictures still more to the Median taste, such as rivers drained from off the land and a bridge over the sea and the piercing of Athos.

And it is here that the king gives judgement, and golden wrynecks are hung from the ceiling, four in number, to remind him of Adrastea, the goddess of justice, and to engage him not to exalt himself above humanity.

These figures the Magi themselves say they arranged; for they have access to the palace, and they call them, the tongues of the gods. But Damis is not acquainted with the conversations which the sage held with the Magi, for the latter forbade him to accompany him in his visits to them ; so he tells us merely that he visited the Magi at mid-day and about mid-night, and he says that he once asked his master j What of the Magi?

When then he arrived at Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx.

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Such arc the silly duties committed to satraps among barbarians. When therefore Apollonius saw the image, he said: Who is that? But tlie satrap was astonished, and cap.

I have not yet flouted him. O bodyguard, or whatever I ought to call you, Dainus the father of Cyrus and of Artaxerxes was master of these palaces, I think, for 60 years, and he is said, when he felt that his end was near at hand, to have offered a sacrifice to Justice and to have addressed her thus ; 0 lady mistress, or whosoever thou art. And he called one of them and said: So he held out his right hand and said: Cali him in, for it will make the best of beginnings, if he will join with me in my sacrifice and prayer.

After tliat we turned to another subject, for you did not ask me again about the name of the see more. The particular hymn to Artemis whb transposed by her, and has been sung by the following of Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx. But Apollonius iTplied: Then he said: But after the sacrifice was over he approached and said: The goal of my voyage is India, but I had no intention of passing you by; for I heard that you were such a man as from a slight acquaintance I Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx perceive you to be, and was desirous also of examining the wisdom 'which is Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx among you and i.

And the very fashion of letting my hair grow long, I have learnt from P3i;hagoras as pai-t of his discipline, and also it is a result of his wisdom that I keep myself pure from animal food. I cannot therefore become either for you or for anybody else a companion in drinking or an associate in idleness and luxury ; but if you have problems of conduct that arc difficult and hard to settle, I will furnish you with solutions, for I not only know matters of practice and duty, but I even know them beforehand.

Let me therefore be entertained by some private person who has the same means as myself, and I will visit Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx you as often as you like. But before he had finished dinner one of the eunuchs who carry messages presented himself and addressed him thus: But Damis says that he expected him to ask for nothings because he had studied his character and knew that he offered to the gods the following prayer: But at eventide: For you will perliaps ask for nothing at all, but you should be careful and be on your guard lest you should seem to decline any gift the king may offer, as they say, out of jnere empty pride, for you see the land tliat you are in and that we are wholly in his power.

But, O Damis, are you not going to give me some examples? Moreover they tell of how Fhidoxus of Cnidus once arrived in Egyj t and botli admitted that he had come there in quest of money, and conversed with the king about the matter. And so a man must fortify himself and under- stand that a wise man who yields to laziness or anger or passion, or love of drink, or who commits any other action prompted by impulse and inopportune, will probably find his fault condoned ; but if he stoops to greed, he will not he pardoned, but I'ender himself odious as a combination of all vices at once.

But you perhaps imagine that it is a lesser thing to go wrong in Babylon than to go wrong at Athens or at the Olympian or Pythian games ; and you do not reflect that a wise man finds Hellas everywhere, and that a sage will not regard or consider any place to be a desert or barbarous.

But the sage caught him up and said: I will come as soon as I xxxv have duly discharged my religious duties. And when he had come within, tho the king said: I will not, O king, decline all your gifts ; but there is one which I ] refer to many tens of gifts, and for that I will most eagerly solicit. The guards of the harem were now dragging him along by the hair in the way they do royal slaves.

Nay, but it is disgraceful, gentlemen, that, in the presence of Apollonius, wc should be enlarging on the subject of ciiastity rather tlian he. For if he lives with this disease of impotence on him, and can never take pleasure in eating or drinking, nor in Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx spectacles which delight you and your companions, and if his heart will throb as he often leaps up in his sleep, as they say is particularly the case of peoi le in love, — is there any form of consumption so wasting as this, any foiun of hunger so likely to enfeeble liis bowels?

Indeed, unless he be one of those who are ready to live at any price, he will entreat you, 0 king, before long even to slay him, or he will slay himself, deeply deploring that lie was not put to death straight away this very day. The king sexit blie embassy aside, and said: O Apollonius, these villages were given to my forefathers by the kings wliom I mentioned, that they might sustain the wild animals, which are taken by us in our country and sent to theirs across the Euphrates, and they, as if they had forgotten this fact, have espoused a policy that is new and unjust.

What then do you think are the intentions of the embassy? Their intention, 0 king, is moderate and fair, seeing that they only desire to obtain from you, with your consent, places which, as they are in their territory, they can equally well retain without it.

And when the king was ill he visited him, and discoursed so weightily and in such a lofty strain about the soul, that the king recovered, and said to his courtiers, that Apollonius had so wrought upon him that he now felt a contempt, not only more info his kingdom but also for death.

Apollonius in answer belittled the wonder of the work, and said: This, for you, O king, represents wealth, but to me it is mere chaff. Come, let us start for India, m I ndia.

Now it has not yet all of it expired, for we have so far only spent Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx year and four months ; however, if we can depart at once, it would be as well.

O excellent king, I have in no way rejnunerated my host and I owe a reward to the Magi ; do you therefore attend to them, and oblige me by bestowing your favours on men who are both wise and wholly devoted to yourself. And when they too declined the offer, Apollonius said: You see, O king, how many hands I have, and how closely they resemble one another.

A graceful gift, O king, for if I am turned into a wiser man by the society of people yonder, I shall return to you here a better man than I now am. The country through which they travelled was fertile ; and the villages received them veiy respectfully, for the leading camel bore upon his forehead a chain of gold, to intimate to all who met them that the king was sending on their: And as they approached click to see more Caucasus they say that Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx found the land becoming more fragrant.

II We may regard this mountain as the beginning of chap. As to tlie statement made about such part of the Taurus as is in our own Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, to the effect that it projects beyond Armenia, — it was long disbelieved, but has received definite confirmation from the conduct of the pards, Ouioupards Mdhch I know are caught in the spice-bearing region of Pamphjdia, For these animals delight in fragrant odours, and scenting their smell from afar off they quit Armenia and traverse the mountains in search of the tear or gum of the Styrax, "whenever the winds blow from its quarter and the trees are distilling.

And they say that a pard was once caught in Painphylia which was wearing a chain rouTid its neck, and the chain was of gold, and on it was inscribed in Armenian lettering: The king Anuoniati Arsaces to the Nysian god. IV CAP.

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And some say that he wa. But the inhabitants of the Caucasus regard the eagle as a hostile bird, and burn out the nests which they build among the rocks by hurling into them fiery darts, and they also set snares for them, declai'ing that they are avenging Prometheus ; to such an extent are their imaginations dominated by the fable.

V CAP. For they were cniAP. And Apollonius realised what it was, and himself heaped abuse on the hob- goblin and instructed his painty to do the same, saying that this was the light remedy for such a visitation.

On the i lain. For yesterdfiy we were travelling through the valley below, while to-day we are close up to heaven. And my question which I asked you to begin with was a fair one, although you thought that I asked it in order to make fun of you. VI CAP.

Vll Anp as they were taking' breakfast by a spring of Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx. But you will not, I am sure, refuse this as you do wine that is made from the fruit of the vine. And what would you thiiik of me, if go here could persuade me of such tilings?

But how can one who has dishonoured and cast awviy pliilosophy, ever recover her? And in this case Dionysus might well jiardon one who refuses all wine whatever, but if I chose date-wine in jirefcrence to that made of grapes, he would be aggrieved, I am sure, and say that his gift had been scorned and floiited.

Moreover, dumkenness, Damis, invades men not from drinking the wine of grapes alone, for they are ecpially roused to frenzy by date-wine. And that you yourself regard read more drink as genuine wine, is clear from the fact thatyou poured out a libation of it to Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx and offered up the prayers which usually accompany wine.

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And the image resembled a youthful Indian, and was carved out of polished white stone. And when Dionysus celebrates his orgies and shaLes Nysa, the cities underneath the mountain hear the noise and exult in sympathy. IX Now the Hellenes disagree with the Indians, and chap. And it is a disc of Indian silver bearing the inscription: IX CAP.

X iic TO jovv T? Thebes ; and that it was there that Alexander held his orgies. But the inhabitants of Nysa deny that Alex- ander ever went up the mountain, although he was eager to do so, being an ambitious person and fond of old-woi'ld things ; but he was afraid lest his Mace- donians, if they got iiinong vines, which they had not seen for a long time, Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx fall into a fit of home- sickness or recover their taste for wine, after they had already become accustomed to water only.

So they say he passed by Nysa, making his vow to Dionysus, and sacrificing at tlie foot of the inountahi. X Damis says that he did not see the rock called the chap. And this is the reason why the rock was called and actually is Birdless. And when they wondered at the sight, Apollonius said: Dainis, and what is the business of a good horseman? For I see nothing else upon the animal except the boy. But of a niglit the elephant i. Such control, O Damis, Jias he over himself, and it is his instinctive obedience which actuates him rather than the man who sits upon him and directs him.

And the ludiau ele] haiits are as much bigger, than those of Libya, as these are bigger than the horses of Nisa. And Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx authorities have dwelt on the age of the animals, and say tliat they are very long-lived ; but our party too say that they came The on an elephant near Taxila, the greatest city in India, wdio was anointed with myrrh by the natives and Tuxiia adorned with fillets.

For, they, said, this elephant was one of those who fought source the side of Porus against Alexander; and, as it had made a brave light, Alexander dedicated it to the Sun.

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And it Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, they say, gold rings around its tusks or horns, whichever you call them, and an inscription was on them written in Clreek, as follows: Alexander the son of Zeus dedicates Ajax to the Sun.

And the natives reckoned that years had elapsed since the battle, without taking into account how old the elephant was when he went into battle. For nature implants Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx more info in tlieir jaws for the sake of defence.

And moreover, a circular ridge is formed year by year at the base of the, horns, as we see in the case of goats and sheep and oxen ; but a tusk grows out quite smooth, and unless something breaks it, it always remains so, for it consists of a material and sub- stance a,s hard as stone.

If I may also describe the characters of these elephants ; those which come from the marshes, and are taken there, are considered to be stupid and idle by the Indians ; but those which come from tlie mountains they regard a. Said A] ononius: No one, O Daniis, has instructed them to do this, but tiiey act of their own instinctive wisdom and cleverne. XIV Affection uf olepluxiitH for tlioir youiii?

Learn more here I also equally have in mind the panther, which, from the warmth of its temperament, delights to become a mother, for that is the time when it is determined to rule the male and be mistress of the household ; and the male puts up with anything and everything from her, subordinating everything 'to the welfare of the offspring.

And they say the tigress, although she is the cruellest. Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx who does not know the ways of birds, bow that the eagles and tlie cranes will not build their nests until they have fixed in them, the one an eagle-stone, and the other a. And if we look at creatures in the sea, we need not wonder at the dolphins loving their m CHAP.

And a vijier has been seen licking the serpents whicli it had borne, and caressing them with her tongue, which she shoots out for the jnirpose. But w: But tell me this: But surely they ought to travel in the op] osite fashion, and make tlje biggest ones a wall and ram] art in front of themselves. But the fact that the smallest is able to get across is a sign in itself to the rest that there is no difficulty.

And when the Indian received the letter, he declared thathe was highly honoured, and would interest himself in i! And moreover I kxiow that God has set tlie Efliiopian and the Indian at the two Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx or horns of the entire earth, making black the latter who dwell where the sun rises no less than the former who dwell where it sets ; now how should this be the case of the inhabitants, unless they en- joyed summer heat during the winter?

But where the sun warms the earth all through the year, how can one suppose that it ever snows? And they also say that they learned from the Indians that the king was in the habit of coming to this river when it rose in the appropriate seasons, and would sacrifice to the river bulls and black horses ; for white is less esteemed by the Indians than black, because, I imagine, the latter is their own colour ; and when he has sacrificed, they say that he plunges into the river a measure of gold made to resemble that which is used in measuring wheat.

XX And after they had crossed the idver, they were chap conducted by the satrap's guide direct to Taxila, where the Indian had his royal palace. And they say that on this. And Apollonius says that he was delighted Bysaus with the byssus, because i.

And the byssus is imported into Egypt from India for many sacred uses. Taxila, they tell us, is about as big as Nineveh, and was fortified Oroek source well after the manner of rreek cities ; and here was the royal residence of the personage who then Taxila ruled the empire of Porus. And they saw a Temple, they say, in front of the wall, which was not far short of feet in size, made of porphyry, and there was constructed within it a shrine, somewhat small as compared with the great size of the Temple which is also surrounded with columns, and deserving of notice.

And the metals were blended in the design, melted in like so many colours ; and the character of the picture was also pleasing in itself, for Porus dedicated these designs after the death of the Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, who is depicted in then: And it is said that Porus was grieved at the death of Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, and that he lamented him as a generous click good prince ; and as long as Alexander was alive after his departure from India, he never used the royal diction and style, although he had license to do so, nor issued kingly edicts to the Indians, but figured himself as a satrap full of moderation, and guided in every action by the wisli to please Alexander.

XXI My argument does not allow me to pass over chap the accounts written of this Poms. If the temper of my subjects is such that I cannot save myself without allies, then for me it is better not to be Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx.

Nay, I shall cany him, if I prove myself the same man I used to be. It ill befits those who have anns to resort to imprecation. For by shewing myself to be such a maii as Alexander found me, I both lost and won everything in one day. O Damis, is there such a thing as painting? Are Bigtitted redhead lesbian tribs with amateur not to regard them as works of imitation?

Then, Damis, God is' a painter, and has left his winged chariot, upon which he travels, as he disposes of affairs human and divine, and he sits down on these occasions to amuse himself by drawing these pictures, as children make figures in the sand. But Apollonius, on his side, had no wish to humiliate him, for he was not unfeeling in his refutations of people, and said: But I am sure, Damis, you did not mean that ; rather tliat these figures flit through the heaven not only without meaning, but, so far as providence is concerned, by mere chance ; while we who by nature are prone to imitation rearrange and create them in these regular figures.

And the same would appear to be true of plastic art. But, methinks, you would not confine painting itself to the mere use of colours, for a single colour was often found sufficient for this purpose by our older j ainters ; and as the art advanced, it employed four, and later, yet more ; but we must also concede the name of a painting to an outline drawn without any colour at all, and composed merely of shadow and light.

For in such designs we see a re. But on the walls of the Temple Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx were luSiindGr red stones, and gold glittered underneath, and gave off a sheen as blight as sunlight. But the statue wa. Robertson Smith, Eeligion of the Semites fp. Kal Trapacrr'rjcrdp.

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And when a satrap, for the great esteem in which he held the monarch, desired to bind on his brow a golden mitre adorned with various stones, he said: But my own meal consists ot vegetables and of the pith and fruit of date palms, and of all that a well-watered garden yields in the way of fruit. And a great deal of fruit is yielded to me by the trees which I cultivate with these hands.

Then he took Apollonius by the hand, and ] laving bidden the interpreter to depart, he said: But Apollonius was surprised, Apollonius and remarked: Why did you not converse with me thus, from the beginning?

But tliat I am quite competent in the Greek speech I will show you amply. Upon it laurels are strewn, and other branches which are similar see more the myrtle, but yield go here the Indiairs their balm.

Upon it are served up fish and birds, and there are also laid upon it wiiole lions and gazelles and swine and the loins of tigers ; for they decline to eat the other parts of this animal, because they say that, as soon as it is born, it lifts up its front paws to the rising Sun.

For the archer, before he let fly, went round the banqueters and showed them the point of his weapon, Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx let them try the missile themselves. Such are their forms of entertainment in their banquets, and they aim straight, even when they are drunk. And the reason is this: And by pure I mean, firstly, in resjiect of his parentage, that no disgraceful deed can be proved against either his father or his mother ; next that their imrents in turn, up to the third generation, are equally pure, that there was no ruffian among them, no debauchee, nor any unjust usurer.

And when no scar or reproach can be proved against them, nor any other stain whatever, then it is time narrowly to inspect the young man himself and test him, to see firstly, whetlier he has a good memory, and secondly, whether he is modest and reserved in disposition, and does not merely jiretend to be so, whether he is addicted to drink, or click here, or a quack, or a buffoon, or rash, or abusive, to see whether he is obedient to his father, to his mother, to his teachers, to his school-masters, and above all, if he makes no bad use of his personal attractions.

For whenever an Indian dies, there visits his house a particular authority charged. But the particulars of. For in many cases a man's eyes reveal the secrets of his character, and in many cases there is material for forming a judgment and appraising his value in his eyebrows and cheeks, Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx from these features the dispositions of people can be detected by wise and scientific men.

For '-eciug liial pliilosopliy is highly esteemed in this counliy. XXXI My grandfather was king, and had the same name chap. But they did not carry on the king's Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx honestly on his behalf. No, by the Sun, but so unfairly that their subjects found their regime oppressive and the government fell into bad repute.

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And he has more subjects than I have, and his country is much more fertile than this one. The Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx ho'wever being anxious, to restore liim to his fathers kingdom, my father sfiid: If you Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx that I am become a genuine philosopher, then restore me ; but if not, let me remain as I am.

Now seven years fdterwards the king fell sick, and at the very moment wdien he was dying, he scut for my hither, and ai: But, alas, my good uncle had already taken away the villages, and didn't even leave throne' me visit web page few acres my father had acquired ; for he said that the whole of them belonged to his kingdom, and that I should get more than I deserved if he spared my life.

I cannot but think that some god set me on reading this drama at the moment, and I followed the omen; and having crossed the river I learnt that one of the usurpers of the kingdom was dead, and that the other was besieged in this very 2 alace. And when I ap2: But the drone that was within they walled up, although I protested against his being 2mt to such a death. Apollonius inteiTupted and said: You have chap.

But tell me this about i] c.

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Thence it is clear that it was not the Theban Hercules, but the Egyptian one, that came to Gadira, and fixed the limits of the world. For it is yourself I suppose that they honour with their pipes. For unless the mind is thoroughly composed, the eyes will not admit of click either.

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For note how madmen are not able to go to sleep because their mind leaps with excitement, and their thoughts run coursing hither and thither, so that their glances are full of fury and morbid impulse, like those of the dragons who never sleep. All, I tell you, who try to go to sleep when in drink seem to themselves to be rushed up on to the roof, and then to be dashed down to the ground, and to fall into Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx whirl, as they say ha2: Now these, O king, are the affections of a madman.

But those who chunk water, as I do, see things as they really are, and they do not record in fancy things that are not ; and they were never found to be giddy, nor full of drowsiness, or of silliness, nor unduly elated; but they are wide awake and thoroughly rational, and always the same, whether late in the evening or early in the morning when the market is crowded ; for these men never nod, even though they pursue their studies far into the night.

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For sleep does not drive them forth, pressing down like a slave-holder upon their necks, that are bowed down by the wine ; but you find them free and erect, and they go to bed with a clear, i iire soul and welcome sleep, and are neither buoyed up by the bubbles of their own private luck, nor scared out of their wits by any adversity. For the soul meets both alternatives with equal calm, if it be sober and not overcome by either feeling ; and that is why it can sleep a delightful sleep untouched by the sorrows which startle others from their couches.

F jr if it was at dawn and in the sleep of morning- tide, they calculate its meaning on the assumption that the soul is then in a condition to divine soundly and healthily, because by then it has cleansed itself of the Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx of wine. But if the vision was seen in the first sleep or at midnight, when the soul is still immersed in the lees of wine and muddied thereby, they decline to make any suggestions, if they are wise.

And that the gods also are of this opinion, and that they commit the faculty of oracular resi onse to souls which are sober, I will clearly show. There was, O Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, a seer among the Greeks called Am- j hiaraus. And I could mention many oracles, held in repute read article Greeks and barbarians alike, where the priest utters his responses from the tripod after imbibing water and not wine.

So you may consider me also as a lit vehicle of the god, O king, along with all who drink water. For we are rapt by the nymphs and are bacchantie revellers in sobriety.

For in the case of a king a Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx that is at once moderate and indulgent makes a good mixture, as is seen in your own case ; but an excess of rigour and severity would seem vulgar, O king, and beneath your august station ; and it might be construed by the envious as due to pride.

N they had thus conversed, for by this time it chap. And Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, understanding that the king had to give audience to embassies and such -like, said: It seems then to me, O king, right to weigh these men in the balance, as it were, and to examine their respective lives ; for I cannot believe that the gods would deprive the one even of his land, unless he was a bad man, or that they would, on the other hand, bestow on the other even what was under the land, unless he was better than the man who sold it.

Accordingly, the opinion of Apollonius prevailed, and the better of tlie two men quitted the court as one on whom the gods liad bestowed this boon. JG aura? I assure you, the true con- dition of the camels has not been acknowledged to you ; for they are in such an evil state that we could carry them rather than they us, and we must have others.

But I have a herd of Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx on the Indus, all of them white. And Apollonius said that he had enough gold already, because Vardan had given it to the guide on the sly ; but that lie would accept the linen see more, because they were like the cloaks worn by tlie ancient and genuine inhabitants of Attica.

And he took up one of the stones and said: O rare stone, msgift how opportunely have I found you, and how jiro- videntially! Neither would the companions of Damis accept for themselves the gold ; neverthe- less they took good handfuls of the gems, in order to dedicate them to the gods, whenever they should regain their own country. XLI So they remained the next day as well, for the chap.

Indian would not let them go, and he gave them a letter for larchas, written in the following terms: And let him also see the throne, on wdiieh 1 sat, when you. Father larchas, bestowed on me the kingdom. And his followers too deserve commendation for their devotion to sucli a master. Farewell to yourself and 3 mur companions. And at a short distance from one another there are said to liave been built two gates, carrying the one a statue of Porus, and the other one of Alexander, of both, as I imagine, reconciled to one another after the battle; for the one is in the attitude of one man greeting another, and tlie other of one doing homage.

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Now they say that the grove in the neighbourhood of the river is dedicated to this goddess, as also the fishes called peacock fish which are bred in this river alone, and which have been given the same name as the bird, because their fins CHAP.

There is also a creature Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx this iiver which resembles a white worm. By melting this down they make an oil, and from this oil, it appears, there is given off a flame such that nothing but glass can contain it.

And this creature may be caught by the king alone who utilises it for the capture of cities ; for as soon as the fat in question touches the battlements, a fire is kindled which defies all the ordinary means devised by men against combustibles. II And they say that wild asses are also to be chap. Accordingly, this goblet is reserved for kings, and the king alone may indulge in the chase of this creature.

And Apollonius says that he saw this animal, and admired its natural features ; but when Dami. IV They say that from this point they crossed the chap.

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Nor did they neglect to record the look aitd appearance of tliis tree, and I will repeat exactly their account of it. The inhabitants of the country, however, are not disposed to allow this, because they regard these animals as their benefactors, and so make war against the litms in behalf of them.

For this is the way they go to work in collecting the pe]; per ; the. Indians go up to the lower trees and pluck off the fruit, and they make little rouiul shallow pits around the Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, into which they collect the pepper, carelessly tossing it in, as if it had no value and was Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx tio seinous use to mankind. V After crossing the top of the mountain, they say chap.

But they say that this soil is the best in India, and constitutes the greatest of the territorial divisions of that country, extending in length towards the Ganges a jommey of fifteen days and of eighteen from the sea to the mountain of the apes along which it skirts. The whole soil of the plain is blade and fei'tile of everything ; for jtju can see on it standing corn as high as reeds, and yon can also see beans three times as large as the Egyptian kind, as well as sesame and millet of enormous siize.

Please click for source they say that nuts also grow there, of which many are treasured up in our temples here as objects of curiosity.

They also say that they came, upon a tree there resembling the laurel, upon which there grew a cup or husk resembling a very large pomegranate ; and inside the cup there was a kernel as blue as the cups of the hyacinth, but sweeter to the taste than any of the fruits the seasons bring. For it is utterly absurd for those who are amateurs of hare-hunting to spin yarns about the hare, as to how it is caught or ought to be caught, and yet that we should omit to describe a chase as bold as it is wonderful, and in which the sage was careful to assist ; so 1 have written the following accK unt of it: The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size ; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without oiui.

Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads, but in this respect resemble the she-dragons. VII And the dragons along the foothills visit web page the chap. These actually have a chap. This kind also have beards, and lift their necks on high, while Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx scales glitter like silver ; Their eyos and the pupils of their eyes consist of a fiery stone, and they say that this has an uncanny power for goiuH many secret purposes.

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In most respects they resemble the largest swine, but they are slighter in build and flexible, and they have teeth as sharp and indestruct- ible as those of the largest fishes. VIII Now the dragons of the mountains have scales of chap a golden colour, and in length excel those of plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of catching a golden hue ; and their eyebrows are more prominent than those of the plain, and their eye is sunk deep of spells under the eyebrow, and emits a tei-rible and ruthless glance.

And they give off a noise like the clashing of brass whenever they are burrowing under the earth, and from their crests, which are all fiery red, there flashes a fire brighter than a torch. They embroider golden runes on a scarlet chap cloak, which they lay in front of the animafs burrow after charming them to sleep with the runes ; for this is the only way to overcome the eyes of the dragon, which are otherwise inflexible, and much mysteri- ous lore is sung by them to overcome him.

These runes induce the dragon to stretch his neck out of his burrow and fall asleep over them: And they say that Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx the heads of the mountain dragons there are stored away stones of flowery colour, which flash out all kinds of hues, and possess a mystical powder if set in a ring, like that which they say belonged to Gyges, But often the Indian, in spite of his axe and his cunning, is caught by the dragon, who carries him off into his burrow, and Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx shakes the mountains as he disappears.

These are also said to inhabit the mountains in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, and they say that they heard them hissing terribly and that they saw them source down to the shore and swim far out into the sea.

It was impossible however to ascertain the number of years that this creature lives, nor would my statements be believed. This is all I know about dragons. IX They tell us that the city under the mountain is chap of great size and is called Parax, and that Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx the centre of it are stored up a great many heads of dragons, for the Indians who inhabit it are trained from their boyhood in this form of sport. X C'Ap. And as they advanced they thought they heard the pipe of some shepherd marshalling his flock, but it turned out to be a man looking after a herd of white hinds, for the Indians use these for milking, and And their milk very nutritious.

It seems to me that this fellow, were he a mariner who had reached harbour after a long sea voyage, would worry at being on land and tremble at being in dock. And it seems that what scared tlie guide so much was that he was now close to the sages ; for the Indians fear these people more than they do their own king, because the very king to whom the land is subject consults them about every- thing that he has to say or do, just as people who send to an oracle of a god ; and the sages indicate to him what Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx is expedient for him to do, and what is inexpedient, and dissuade and warn him off with signs.

XII Then he ran up to Apollonius and addressed chap. We have reached men who are unfeignedly wise, for they seem to have the gift of foreknowledge. On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipt and rolled down.

For they visit web page that Dionysus, when he was trying to click the place together with Her- cules, Ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to take it by assault; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed.

And they say that they click a cloud floating round the eminence on which the Indians live and render themselves visible or invisible at will.

But iie learnt afterwards that the soil underneath the well was composed of realgar, but that they regarded the water as holy and mysterious, and no one either drank it or drew it up, but it was regarded by the whole land of India Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx around as binding in oaths. It is here that the Indians purify themselves of involuntary sins, wherefore the sages call the well, the well of testing, and the fire, the fire of pardon. And they say that The jars of they saw there two jars of black stone, of the rains and of tlie winds respectively.

But Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx jar of the winds plays, I imagine, the same role as the bag of Aeolus: And they say that they came chap. These were set up by these Indians and worshipped with Greek rites.

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And they say that they are met with in the heart of India. Now they regard the summit of this hill as the navel of the earth, and on it they worship fire with mysterious rites, deriving the fire, according to their own account, from the rays of the sun ; and to the Sun they sing a here every day at midday. XV Apollonius himself describes the character of tliese chap.

BpSxriVj go? And farther they pray to the Sxin who governs the seasons by bis' might, that the latter may siuiceed duly in the land, so that India nuiy ] rosper ; but of a night they intreat the ray of light not to take the night iimiss, but to stay with them just as they have brougiit it down. All the springs which the Bacchanals see Their water, leajnng up from the ground under their feet, whenever Dionysus stirs them and earth in a common convulsion, sjnfing up in plenty for these Indians also when they are entertaining or being entertained.

Apollonius therefore was right in saying that people provided as they are with all they want offliand and without having prepared anything, possess what they do not possess. This is what I they make their sacred vesture of, and if anyoneelse except these Indians tries to pluck it up, the earth refuses to surrender its wool.

And they all carry both a ring and a staff of which the peculiar virtues can eifect all things, and the one and the other, so we learn, are piized as secrets. Buddhisfc monks still wear a similar garment. The so-called wool was asbestos. Then having read the epistle, he chap said: Other people ask those who BrSmans arrive among them, who they are that come, and wily, but the first display we make of our wisdom consists in showing that we are not ignorant who Jodie sweetin is that comes.

And you may test this point to begin with. All this, just as if he had shared their voyage with them, the Indian recounted straight Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx, quite clearly and without pausing for breath. And when Apollonius was astounded and asked him how he came to know Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx all, he replied: And you too are come to https://xadulthub.xyz/cheating-wife/web-4222.php in this wisdom, but you are not yet an adept.

But as it is nearly mid- day, and we miisfc get ready our offerings for the Gods, let us now employ oiu'selves with that, and afterwards let us converse as much as you like ; but you must take ] art in all our religious rites.

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But they sang a song resembling the paean of Sophocles which they sing at Athens in honour of Asclepius. But when they had alighted upon the ground, larchas called the stripling who carried the anchor and said: Do you look after the companions of Apollonius. Bring out the tlironc of Phraotes Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx the wise Apolloxiins tliat lie may sit upon it to converse with us.

Ask chap. We Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx everything, just because we begin by knowing ourselves ; for no one of us would be admitted to this philosophy unless he first knew himself. XIX He therefore resumed his questions and said: Ethiopians, an Indian race, dwelt in this country, and when Etliiopia.

Well, at that time of which I speak, the Ethiopians lived here, and were subject to King Ganges, and the land was sufficient for then sustenance, and the gods watched over them; but when they slew this king, neither did the rest of the Indians regard them as pure, nor did the land permit them to remain upon it ; for it spoiled tlie seed which they sowed in it before it came into ear, and it inflicted miscarriages on their women, and it gave a nnscrable feed to their flocks ; and wherever they tried to found a city, it would give way and sink down under their feet.

For this Ganges on one occasion fixed seven swords made of adamant in the earth, to prevent any monster approaching oiir country ; now the gods ordered us to go and offer a sacrifice where he had implanted these weapons, though check this out indicatiixg the spot where he had fixed them, I was a mere child, and yet I led the interpreters of their will to a trench, and told them to dig there, for it was there 1 said that they had been laid.

For it is a terrible thing you tell me, if one so well adapted by nature to the pursuit refuses to embrace philosophy, and has no love for learning, and that although he lives with you. The Amateur cunnilingus orgasm porn is this stripling was once Palamedes of Troy, and he found his bitterest enemies in Odysseus and Homer ; for the one laid an ambush against him of people by whom he was stoned to death, while the other denied him any place in his Epic ; and becfiuse neither the wisdom with which lie was endowed was of any use to him, nor did he meet with any praise from ITomer, to wliom never- theless many people of no great importance owe their renown, and because he was outwitted by Odysseus in spite of his innocence, he has conceived an aver- sion to philosophy, and deplores his ill-luck.

And he is Palamedes, for indeed he can write without liaving learned his letters. The King will come early in Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx afternoon to consult you about his own bu. He accordingly asked Apollonius the question: Since it was an ignoble click here, I do not remember much about it.

Egyptian vessel, for I perceive that this is what you were? Is it your having doubled the capes of Malea and Sunium, by checking your ship wLen it was drifting out of its course, and your having disceimed so accurately the quarters from which the winds would blow both fore and aft, or your getting your boat past the reefs in the hollows of Euboea, where any number of spits stick up in the sea?

Gordon Xxx Watch Mature puffy nipples milf Video Sexy videoss. For Uvssuredly tliey will here learn things of which as yet they are ignorant. His father was of the same name, and the family was ancient and directly descended from the first settlers. She was in no way frightened, but asked him what sort of child she would bear. And he answered ; Myself. V Now he is. She then leaped up at the sound of then song and bore her cliild, for any 13 CHAP. But the people of the country say that just at the moment of the birth, a thunderbolt seemed about to ms birth fall to earth and then rose up into the air and dis- appeared aloft; and the gods thereby indicated, I think, the great distinction to which the sage was to attain, and hinted in advance how he should transcend all things upon earth and approach the gods, and signified all the things that he would achieve. PI ere a spring rises cold, but bubbles iip like a boiling cauldron. The people of the country, then, say that Apollonius was a son of Zeus, but the sage called himself the son of Apollonius. VII On reaching the age when children are taught ohap. Plence the words which Apollonius addresses to them in his letter: Be done with getting drunk upon your water. There he had as his companions in philoso] hy followers of Plato and Ciuysippus and peripatetic philosophers. And he diligently attended also to the discourses of Epicurus, for he did not despise these either, although it wb. And of wine he said that it was a clean drink because it is yielded to men by so well-domesticated a plant as the vine ; but he declared that it endangered the mentfd balance and system and darkened, as with mud, the ether whicdi is in the soul. Hence the Cilician j roverb: Whither inmuest thou? Is it to see the stiipling? Such was the saying that arose about him, and it gained the distinction of bec. IX Now' it is well that I should not j ass over, in my ctiap. For an of Assyrian stn] ling came to Asclepius, and tlxough he Ufo tuo was sick, yet he lived the life of luxury, and being iScicriul continually drunk, I will not say he lived, rather he was ever dying. He suffered then from dropsy, and patient finding his pleasure in drunkenness took no care to dry up his malady. What is there in your wisdom that I can profit by? X Onk day he saw a flood of blood upon the altar, chap. So he went up to the priest and said: For he appears to have come only yesterday, and yet he is sacriffc- ing on this lavish scale. And he declares that he will sacrifice more victims, and dedicate more gifts, if Asclcpius will hearken to him. And he is one of the richest men in existence ; at any rate he owns in Cilicia an eatete bigger than all the Cilicians together possess. It seems to me, O Priest, that we ouglit nob to welcome this fellow in the Temple: Since then, they know everything, it appears to me that a person who comes. O Aselepius, the philosophy you teach is secret and congenial to yourself, in that you suffer not the wicked to come hither, not even if they pour into your lap all the wealth of India and Sardis. XII Tins tale also belongs to the peiflod of his chap. There he came upon Apollonius walking alone and prayed him to recommend him to the god. But he replied: What recommendation can you want from anyone if you are good? So when all was well oiUP. In laying sueh restraint on him. And yet there are those who aeeiisc him falsely of an addiction to venery, alleging that he fell a victim of sucli sins and. But in the ease of Apollonius, mere. A[ oIl nius then turned to the bystanders, and beckoned to them that they must listen ; and they not only held their tongues from wonderment at him, but they laid the fire they had kindled on the altars which were there. The governor then plucked up courage and said: However, he respected his vow of silcmee and wrote on a writing board his indietinent of the oH'enders and handed it to the governor to read out aloud ; and his indict- ment ran as follows: For they say that Daphne, the daughter of Ladon, there underwent her metamorphosis, and they have a river Bowing there, the Ladon, and a laurel tree is worsliipped by them which they say was substituted for the maiden ; and cypress trees of monnous height surround blie Temple, and the ground sends up springs both ample and placid, in which they say Apollo purified himself by ablution. What then is the chap, purport of my narrative? Apollonius, when he belield a Temple so graceful and yet the home of serious studies, but only of men half-barbarous and uncultivated, remarked: It is not your daughter alone that underwent a change, but you too, so far as one can see, have liecomc a barbana? You are blaming your governor because you get such a sorry bath; but I blame you because you take a bath at all. Because I asked pie. But he made a great deal of the Magi, who live in Babylon and Susa. For, he said, he was determined to aeipiaint himself thoroughly with their lore, even if it cost him a journey. XIX And he reached the ancient city of Nineveh, where chap. While he was staying there and forming wiser con- of lo elusions about the image than could the priests and prophets, one Damis, a xiativeof Nineveh, joined him Damis joins as a pupil, tlie same, as 1 said at the beginning, who became the companion of his wanderings abroad and his fellow-traveller and associate in all wisdom, and who has preserved to us many particulars of the sage. He admired him, and having a taste for the road, said: You need not wonder at my knowing all human languages ; for, to tell you the truth, 1 also understand all tlie secrets of human silence. At any rate the volume which he calls liis scrap-book, was intended to serve such a purpose by Darnis, who was determined that notliing about Apollonius should be passed over in silence, nay, that his very solecisms and negligent utterances should also be written down. And I may mention the answer which he made to one who cavilled and found fault with this journal. Damis replied thus: And Apollonius replied: The other, already scenting his own per- quisites, vSaid: You must then write down in the register these female slaves. Impossible, for they are not female slaves that I am taking out with me, but ladies of quality. Tliese races are so chap. For they curve round the continental tract in question, and discharge tlitur waters into the same. But there are ] eopIe who say that the greater part of the Euphrates is lost in a marsh, and that this river uids in the earth. Well, for the sake of accuracy and truth, and in order to leave out nothing of the tilings that Damis wrote, I should have liked to relate all the incidents that occurred on their journey througli these barbarous regions; but my subject liurries me on to greater and more remarkable episodes. Nevertheless, I must perforce dwell upon two topics: For be learnt this on his way through these Arab tribes who best understand it and practise it. When he saw a man so dried up and parched, he began to bawl out like a cowardly woman and hid his face, and could hardly be induced to look up at Iiim. I have sent myself, to see whether I can make men of you, whether you like it or not. I am Apollonius of Tyana, and my road leads me to the king of India, because I want to acxpiaint myself with the country there ; and I shall be glad to meet your king, for those who have associated with iiim say that he is no bad fellow, and certainly he is not, if he is this Vardan who has lately rec'overed the empire which lie had lost. Take a jar of it, with some roast steaks of bacM n and venison and some meal and bread and anything else you like. And I will also supply you with vegetables, the best which the gardens of the Tigris afford. And it really was a marvel ; for when it was cut asunder they found eight wlielps within it. And tlie lioness becomes a mother in this way. And you may guess the number of the months from that of the whelps, and that of the years from the lioness ; for you must compare wholes with wholes. Calchas surely explained these to signify nine years and predicted that tlie war with Troy would last so long; so take care that Homer may not be right and Calchas, too, and that our stay may not extend to nine years abroad. For things that violate nature can hardly come to be ; and they any- how quickly pass to destruction, even if they do come into existence. So he related his vision to him, and feigned as if it foreboded evil. But Damis began to bellow as if he had seen the dream hini. But I will explain to you the real drift of the dream. It would, seem then that the gods are in- ceap. And perhaps also the souls of the Greeks whose lot was cast in this part of the world are enlisting my aid for their land. Let us then go on and diverge from the high- road, and ask only about the well, hard by which their settlement is. That he really did visit Cissia, he himself acknowledges in a letter whicJi he wrote to the sophist Letter of! Eretrians is in harmony with this. But the soil is drenched with pitchy, and is bitter to plant in; and the inhabitants are very short livedj because the pitch in the water forms a sediment in most, of their bowels. And they get their sustenance off a bit of rising ground on the confines of the village, where the ground rises above the tainted country ; on this they sow their crops and regard it as their land. And they managed to open a quarry on the hill; and as some of them understood the art of cutting stone, they built temples in the Greek style and a market-place large enough for their purpose ; and they dedicated vaxdous altar. But up to the. Here we who once sailed over the deep-flowing billows of the Aegean sea Are lying in the midst of the plain of Ecbataiui. Farewell, once-famed fatherland of Eretria, farewell Athens, Ye neighbours of Euboea, farewell, thou darling sea. Well, pamis says that Apollonius restored the tombs that had gone to ruin aud closed them up, and that he poured out libations and made offerings to their inmates, all that religion demands, except that he did not slay or sacrifice any victim ; then after weeping and in an access of emotion, he delivered himself of the following apostrophe in their midst: And the palaces are roofed with bronze, ohap. And they delight in Orpheus, perhaps out of regard for his peaked cap and breeches, for it cannot be for his music or the songs with which he charmed and soothed others. And woven into the pattern you perceive Datis drawing up Naxos out of the sea, and Artaphernes beleaguering Eretria, and such battles of Xerxes as he said he won. F or a little further off, of course, there is Athens and Thermopylae, and other pictures still more to the Median taste, such as rivers drained from off the land and a bridge over the sea and the piercing of Athos. And it is here that the king gives judgement, and golden wrynecks are hung from the ceiling, four in number, to remind him of Adrastea, the goddess of justice, and to engage him not to exalt himself above humanity. These figures the Magi themselves say they arranged; for they have access to the palace, and they call them, the tongues of the gods. But Damis is not acquainted with the conversations which the sage held with the Magi, for the latter forbade him to accompany him in his visits to them ; so he tells us merely that he visited the Magi at mid-day and about mid-night, and he says that he once asked his master j What of the Magi? When then he arrived at chap. Such arc the silly duties committed to satraps among barbarians. When therefore Apollonius saw the image, he said: Who is that? But tlie satrap was astonished, and cap. I have not yet flouted him. O bodyguard, or whatever I ought to call you, Dainus the father of Cyrus and of Artaxerxes was master of these palaces, I think, for 60 years, and he is said, when he felt that his end was near at hand, to have offered a sacrifice to Justice and to have addressed her thus ; 0 lady mistress, or whosoever thou art. And he called one of them and said: So he held out his right hand and said: Cali him in, for it will make the best of beginnings, if he will join with me in my sacrifice and prayer. After tliat we turned to another subject, for you did not ask me again about the name of the lady. The particular hymn to Artemis whb transposed by her, and has been sung by the following of Sappho. But Apollonius iTplied: Then he said: But after the sacrifice was over he approached and said: The goal of my voyage is India, but I had no intention of passing you by; for I heard that you were such a man as from a slight acquaintance I already perceive you to be, and was desirous also of examining the wisdom 'which is indigenous among you and i. And the very fashion of letting my hair grow long, I have learnt from P3i;hagoras as pai-t of his discipline, and also it is a result of his wisdom that I keep myself pure from animal food. I cannot therefore become either for you or for anybody else a companion in drinking or an associate in idleness and luxury ; but if you have problems of conduct that arc difficult and hard to settle, I will furnish you with solutions, for I not only know matters of practice and duty, but I even know them beforehand. Let me therefore be entertained by some private person who has the same means as myself, and I will visit with you as often as you like. But before he had finished dinner one of the eunuchs who carry messages presented himself and addressed him thus: But Damis says that he expected him to ask for nothings because he had studied his character and knew that he offered to the gods the following prayer: But at eventide: For you will perliaps ask for nothing at all, but you should be careful and be on your guard lest you should seem to decline any gift the king may offer, as they say, out of jnere empty pride, for you see the land tliat you are in and that we are wholly in his power. But, O Damis, are you not going to give me some examples? Moreover they tell of how Fhidoxus of Cnidus once arrived in Egyj t and botli admitted that he had come there in quest of money, and conversed with the king about the matter. And so a man must fortify himself and under- stand that a wise man who yields to laziness or anger or passion, or love of drink, or who commits any other action prompted by impulse and inopportune, will probably find his fault condoned ; but if he stoops to greed, he will not he pardoned, but I'ender himself odious as a combination of all vices at once. But you perhaps imagine that it is a lesser thing to go wrong in Babylon than to go wrong at Athens or at the Olympian or Pythian games ; and you do not reflect that a wise man finds Hellas everywhere, and that a sage will not regard or consider any place to be a desert or barbarous. But the sage caught him up and said: I will come as soon as I xxxv have duly discharged my religious duties. And when he had come within, tho the king said: I will not, O king, decline all your gifts ; but there is one which I ] refer to many tens of gifts, and for that I will most eagerly solicit. The guards of the harem were now dragging him along by the hair in the way they do royal slaves. Nay, but it is disgraceful, gentlemen, that, in the presence of Apollonius, wc should be enlarging on the subject of ciiastity rather tlian he. For if he lives with this disease of impotence on him, and can never take pleasure in eating or drinking, nor in the spectacles which delight you and your companions, and if his heart will throb as he often leaps up in his sleep, as they say is particularly the case of peoi le in love, — is there any form of consumption so wasting as this, any foiun of hunger so likely to enfeeble liis bowels? Indeed, unless he be one of those who are ready to live at any price, he will entreat you, 0 king, before long even to slay him, or he will slay himself, deeply deploring that lie was not put to death straight away this very day. The king sexit blie embassy aside, and said: O Apollonius, these villages were given to my forefathers by the kings wliom I mentioned, that they might sustain the wild animals, which are taken by us in our country and sent to theirs across the Euphrates, and they, as if they had forgotten this fact, have espoused a policy that is new and unjust. What then do you think are the intentions of the embassy? Their intention, 0 king, is moderate and fair, seeing that they only desire to obtain from you, with your consent, places which, as they are in their territory, they can equally well retain without it. And when the king was ill he visited him, and discoursed so weightily and in such a lofty strain about the soul, that the king recovered, and said to his courtiers, that Apollonius had so wrought upon him that he now felt a contempt, not only for his kingdom but also for death. Apollonius in answer belittled the wonder of the work, and said: This, for you, O king, represents wealth, but to me it is mere chaff. Come, let us start for India, m I ndia. Now it has not yet all of it expired, for we have so far only spent a year and four months ; however, if we can depart at once, it would be as well. O excellent king, I have in no way rejnunerated my host and I owe a reward to the Magi ; do you therefore attend to them, and oblige me by bestowing your favours on men who are both wise and wholly devoted to yourself. And when they too declined the offer, Apollonius said: You see, O king, how many hands I have, and how closely they resemble one another. A graceful gift, O king, for if I am turned into a wiser man by the society of people yonder, I shall return to you here a better man than I now am. The country through which they travelled was fertile ; and the villages received them veiy respectfully, for the leading camel bore upon his forehead a chain of gold, to intimate to all who met them that the king was sending on their: And as they approached the Caucasus they say that they found the land becoming more fragrant. II We may regard this mountain as the beginning of chap. As to tlie statement made about such part of the Taurus as is in our own country, to the effect that it projects beyond Armenia, — it was long disbelieved, but has received definite confirmation from the conduct of the pards, Ouioupards Mdhch I know are caught in the spice-bearing region of Pamphjdia, For these animals delight in fragrant odours, and scenting their smell from afar off they quit Armenia and traverse the mountains in search of the tear or gum of the Styrax, "whenever the winds blow from its quarter and the trees are distilling. And they say that a pard was once caught in Painphylia which was wearing a chain rouTid its neck, and the chain was of gold, and on it was inscribed in Armenian lettering: The king Anuoniati Arsaces to the Nysian god. IV CAP. And some say that he wa. But the inhabitants of the Caucasus regard the eagle as a hostile bird, and burn out the nests which they build among the rocks by hurling into them fiery darts, and they also set snares for them, declai'ing that they are avenging Prometheus ; to such an extent are their imaginations dominated by the fable. V CAP. For they were cniAP. And Apollonius realised what it was, and himself heaped abuse on the hob- goblin and instructed his painty to do the same, saying that this was the light remedy for such a visitation. On the i lain. For yesterdfiy we were travelling through the valley below, while to-day we are close up to heaven. And my question which I asked you to begin with was a fair one, although you thought that I asked it in order to make fun of you. VI CAP. Vll Anp as they were taking' breakfast by a spring of chap. But you will not, I am sure, refuse this as you do wine that is made from the fruit of the vine. And what would you thiiik of me, if you could persuade me of such tilings? But how can one who has dishonoured and cast awviy pliilosophy, ever recover her? And in this case Dionysus might well jiardon one who refuses all wine whatever, but if I chose date-wine in jirefcrence to that made of grapes, he would be aggrieved, I am sure, and say that his gift had been scorned and floiited. Moreover, dumkenness, Damis, invades men not from drinking the wine of grapes alone, for they are ecpially roused to frenzy by date-wine. And that you yourself regard this drink as genuine wine, is clear from the fact that , you poured out a libation of it to Zeus and offered up the prayers which usually accompany wine. And the image resembled a youthful Indian, and was carved out of polished white stone. And when Dionysus celebrates his orgies and shaLes Nysa, the cities underneath the mountain hear the noise and exult in sympathy. IX Now the Hellenes disagree with the Indians, and chap. And it is a disc of Indian silver bearing the inscription: IX CAP. X iic TO jovv T? Thebes ; and that it was there that Alexander held his orgies. But the inhabitants of Nysa deny that Alex- ander ever went up the mountain, although he was eager to do so, being an ambitious person and fond of old-woi'ld things ; but he was afraid lest his Mace- donians, if they got iiinong vines, which they had not seen for a long time, would fall into a fit of home- sickness or recover their taste for wine, after they had already become accustomed to water only. So they say he passed by Nysa, making his vow to Dionysus, and sacrificing at tlie foot of the inountahi. X Damis says that he did not see the rock called the chap. And this is the reason why the rock was called and actually is Birdless. And when they wondered at the sight, Apollonius said: Dainis, and what is the business of a good horseman? For I see nothing else upon the animal except the boy. But of a niglit the elephant i. Such control, O Damis, Jias he over himself, and it is his instinctive obedience which actuates him rather than the man who sits upon him and directs him. And the ludiau ele] haiits are as much bigger, than those of Libya, as these are bigger than the horses of Nisa. And other authorities have dwelt on the age of the animals, and say tliat they are very long-lived ; but our party too say that they came The on an elephant near Taxila, the greatest city in India, wdio was anointed with myrrh by the natives and Tuxiia adorned with fillets. For, they, said, this elephant was one of those who fought on the side of Porus against Alexander; and, as it had made a brave light, Alexander dedicated it to the Sun. And it bad, they say, gold rings around its tusks or horns, whichever you call them, and an inscription was on them written in Clreek, as follows: Alexander the son of Zeus dedicates Ajax to the Sun. And the natives reckoned that years had elapsed since the battle, without taking into account how old the elephant was when he went into battle. For nature implants these tusks in tlieir jaws for the sake of defence. And moreover, a circular ridge is formed year by year at the base of the, horns, as we see in the case of goats and sheep and oxen ; but a tusk grows out quite smooth, and unless something breaks it, it always remains so, for it consists of a material and sub- stance a,s hard as stone. If I may also describe the characters of these elephants ; those which come from the marshes, and are taken there, are considered to be stupid and idle by the Indians ; but those which come from tlie mountains they regard a. Said A] ononius: No one, O Daniis, has instructed them to do this, but tiiey act of their own instinctive wisdom and cleverne. XIV Affection uf olepluxiitH for tlioir youiii? And I also equally have in mind the panther, which, from the warmth of its temperament, delights to become a mother, for that is the time when it is determined to rule the male and be mistress of the household ; and the male puts up with anything and everything from her, subordinating everything 'to the welfare of the offspring. And they say the tigress, although she is the cruellest. And who does not know the ways of birds, bow that the eagles and tlie cranes will not build their nests until they have fixed in them, the one an eagle-stone, and the other a. And if we look at creatures in the sea, we need not wonder at the dolphins loving their m CHAP. And a vijier has been seen licking the serpents whicli it had borne, and caressing them with her tongue, which she shoots out for the jnirpose. But w: But tell me this: But surely they ought to travel in the op] osite fashion, and make tlje biggest ones a wall and ram] art in front of themselves. But the fact that the smallest is able to get across is a sign in itself to the rest that there is no difficulty. And when the Indian received the letter, he declared that , he was highly honoured, and would interest himself in i! And moreover I kxiow that God has set tlie Efliiopian and the Indian at the two extremes or horns of the entire earth, making black the latter who dwell where the sun rises no less than the former who dwell where it sets ; now how should this be the case of the inhabitants, unless they en- joyed summer heat during the winter? But where the sun warms the earth all through the year, how can one suppose that it ever snows? And they also say that they learned from the Indians that the king was in the habit of coming to this river when it rose in the appropriate seasons, and would sacrifice to the river bulls and black horses ; for white is less esteemed by the Indians than black, because, I imagine, the latter is their own colour ; and when he has sacrificed, they say that he plunges into the river a measure of gold made to resemble that which is used in measuring wheat. XX And after they had crossed the idver, they were chap conducted by the satrap's guide direct to Taxila, where the Indian had his royal palace. And they say that on this. And Apollonius says that he was delighted Bysaus with the byssus, because i. And the byssus is imported into Egypt from India for many sacred uses. Taxila, they tell us, is about as big as Nineveh, and was fortified Oroek fairly well after the manner of rreek cities ; and here was the royal residence of the personage who then Taxila ruled the empire of Porus. And they saw a Temple, they say, in front of the wall, which was not far short of feet in size, made of porphyry, and there was constructed within it a shrine, somewhat small as compared with the great size of the Temple which is also surrounded with columns, and deserving of notice. And the metals were blended in the design, melted in like so many colours ; and the character of the picture was also pleasing in itself, for Porus dedicated these designs after the death of the Macedonian, who is depicted in then: And it is said that Porus was grieved at the death of Alexander, and that he lamented him as a generous and good prince ; and as long as Alexander was alive after his departure from India, he never used the royal diction and style, although he had license to do so, nor issued kingly edicts to the Indians, but figured himself as a satrap full of moderation, and guided in every action by the wisli to please Alexander. XXI My argument does not allow me to pass over chap the accounts written of this Poms. If the temper of my subjects is such that I cannot save myself without allies, then for me it is better not to be king. Nay, I shall cany him, if I prove myself the same man I used to be. It ill befits those who have anns to resort to imprecation. For by shewing myself to be such a maii as Alexander found me, I both lost and won everything in one day. O Damis, is there such a thing as painting? Are we not to regard them as works of imitation? Then, Damis, God is' a painter, and has left his winged chariot, upon which he travels, as he disposes of affairs human and divine, and he sits down on these occasions to amuse himself by drawing these pictures, as children make figures in the sand. But Apollonius, on his side, had no wish to humiliate him, for he was not unfeeling in his refutations of people, and said: But I am sure, Damis, you did not mean that ; rather tliat these figures flit through the heaven not only without meaning, but, so far as providence is concerned, by mere chance ; while we who by nature are prone to imitation rearrange and create them in these regular figures. And the same would appear to be true of plastic art. But, methinks, you would not confine painting itself to the mere use of colours, for a single colour was often found sufficient for this purpose by our older j ainters ; and as the art advanced, it employed four, and later, yet more ; but we must also concede the name of a painting to an outline drawn without any colour at all, and composed merely of shadow and light. For in such designs we see a re. But on the walls of the Temple there were luSiindGr red stones, and gold glittered underneath, and gave off a sheen as blight as sunlight. But the statue wa. Robertson Smith, Eeligion of the Semites f , p. Kal Trapacrr'rjcrdp. And when a satrap, for the great esteem in which he held the monarch, desired to bind on his brow a golden mitre adorned with various stones, he said: But my own meal consists ot vegetables and of the pith and fruit of date palms, and of all that a well-watered garden yields in the way of fruit. And a great deal of fruit is yielded to me by the trees which I cultivate with these hands. Then he took Apollonius by the hand, and ] laving bidden the interpreter to depart, he said: But Apollonius was surprised, Apollonius and remarked: Why did you not converse with me thus, from the beginning? But tliat I am quite competent in the Greek speech I will show you amply. Upon it laurels are strewn, and other branches which are similar to the myrtle, but yield to the Indiairs their balm. Upon it are served up fish and birds, and there are also laid upon it wiiole lions and gazelles and swine and the loins of tigers ; for they decline to eat the other parts of this animal, because they say that, as soon as it is born, it lifts up its front paws to the rising Sun. For the archer, before he let fly, went round the banqueters and showed them the point of his weapon, and let them try the missile themselves. Such are their forms of entertainment in their banquets, and they aim straight, even when they are drunk. And the reason is this: And by pure I mean, firstly, in resjiect of his parentage, that no disgraceful deed can be proved against either his father or his mother ; next that their imrents in turn, up to the third generation, are equally pure, that there was no ruffian among them, no debauchee, nor any unjust usurer. And when no scar or reproach can be proved against them, nor any other stain whatever, then it is time narrowly to inspect the young man himself and test him, to see firstly, whetlier he has a good memory, and secondly, whether he is modest and reserved in disposition, and does not merely jiretend to be so, whether he is addicted to drink, or greedy, or a quack, or a buffoon, or rash, or abusive, to see whether he is obedient to his father, to his mother, to his teachers, to his school-masters, and above all, if he makes no bad use of his personal attractions. For whenever an Indian dies, there visits his house a particular authority charged. But the particulars of. For in many cases a man's eyes reveal the secrets of his character, and in many cases there is material for forming a judgment and appraising his value in his eyebrows and cheeks, for from these features the dispositions of people can be detected by wise and scientific men. For '-eciug liial pliilosopliy is highly esteemed in this counliy. XXXI My grandfather was king, and had the same name chap. But they did not carry on the king's government honestly on his behalf. No, by the Sun, but so unfairly that their subjects found their regime oppressive and the government fell into bad repute. And he has more subjects than I have, and his country is much more fertile than this one. The king ho'wever being anxious, to restore liim to his fathers kingdom, my father sfiid: If you see that I am become a genuine philosopher, then restore me ; but if not, let me remain as I am. Now seven years fdterwards the king fell sick, and at the very moment wdien he was dying, he scut for my hither, and ai: But, alas, my good uncle had already taken away the villages, and didn't even leave throne' me the few acres my father had acquired ; for he said that the whole of them belonged to his kingdom, and that I should get more than I deserved if he spared my life. I cannot but think that some god set me on reading this drama at the moment, and I followed the omen; and having crossed the river I learnt that one of the usurpers of the kingdom was dead, and that the other was besieged in this very 2 alace. And when I ap2: But the drone that was within they walled up, although I protested against his being 2mt to such a death. Apollonius inteiTupted and said: You have chap. But tell me this about i] c. Thence it is clear that it was not the Theban Hercules, but the Egyptian one, that came to Gadira, and fixed the limits of the world. For it is yourself I suppose that they honour with their pipes. For unless the mind is thoroughly composed, the eyes will not admit of sleep either. For note how madmen are not able to go to sleep because their mind leaps with excitement, and their thoughts run coursing hither and thither, so that their glances are full of fury and morbid impulse, like those of the dragons who never sleep. All, I tell you, who try to go to sleep when in drink seem to themselves to be rushed up on to the roof, and then to be dashed down to the ground, and to fall into a whirl, as they say ha2: Now these, O king, are the affections of a madman. But those who chunk water, as I do, see things as they really are, and they do not record in fancy things that are not ; and they were never found to be giddy, nor full of drowsiness, or of silliness, nor unduly elated; but they are wide awake and thoroughly rational, and always the same, whether late in the evening or early in the morning when the market is crowded ; for these men never nod, even though they pursue their studies far into the night. For sleep does not drive them forth, pressing down like a slave-holder upon their necks, that are bowed down by the wine ; but you find them free and erect, and they go to bed with a clear, i iire soul and welcome sleep, and are neither buoyed up by the bubbles of their own private luck, nor scared out of their wits by any adversity. For the soul meets both alternatives with equal calm, if it be sober and not overcome by either feeling ; and that is why it can sleep a delightful sleep untouched by the sorrows which startle others from their couches. F jr if it was at dawn and in the sleep of morning- tide, they calculate its meaning on the assumption that the soul is then in a condition to divine soundly and healthily, because by then it has cleansed itself of the stains of wine. But if the vision was seen in the first sleep or at midnight, when the soul is still immersed in the lees of wine and muddied thereby, they decline to make any suggestions, if they are wise. And that the gods also are of this opinion, and that they commit the faculty of oracular resi onse to souls which are sober, I will clearly show. There was, O king, a seer among the Greeks called Am- j hiaraus. And I could mention many oracles, held in repute by Greeks and barbarians alike, where the priest utters his responses from the tripod after imbibing water and not wine. So you may consider me also as a lit vehicle of the god, O king, along with all who drink water. For we are rapt by the nymphs and are bacchantie revellers in sobriety. For in the case of a king a philosophy that is at once moderate and indulgent makes a good mixture, as is seen in your own case ; but an excess of rigour and severity would seem vulgar, O king, and beneath your august station ; and it might be construed by the envious as due to pride. N they had thus conversed, for by this time it chap. And Apollonius, understanding that the king had to give audience to embassies and such -like, said: It seems then to me, O king, right to weigh these men in the balance, as it were, and to examine their respective lives ; for I cannot believe that the gods would deprive the one even of his land, unless he was a bad man, or that they would, on the other hand, bestow on the other even what was under the land, unless he was better than the man who sold it. Accordingly, the opinion of Apollonius prevailed, and the better of tlie two men quitted the court as one on whom the gods liad bestowed this boon. JG aura? I assure you, the true con- dition of the camels has not been acknowledged to you ; for they are in such an evil state that we could carry them rather than they us, and we must have others. But I have a herd of camels on the Indus, all of them white. And Apollonius said that he had enough gold already, because Vardan had given it to the guide on the sly ; but that lie would accept the linen robes, because they were like the cloaks worn by tlie ancient and genuine inhabitants of Attica. And he took up one of the stones and said: O rare stone, msgift how opportunely have I found you, and how jiro- videntially! Neither would the companions of Damis accept for themselves the gold ; neverthe- less they took good handfuls of the gems, in order to dedicate them to the gods, whenever they should regain their own country. XLI So they remained the next day as well, for the chap. Indian would not let them go, and he gave them a letter for larchas, written in the following terms: And let him also see the throne, on wdiieh 1 sat, when you. Father larchas, bestowed on me the kingdom. And his followers too deserve commendation for their devotion to sucli a master. Farewell to yourself and 3 mur companions. And at a short distance from one another there are said to liave been built two gates, carrying the one a statue of Porus, and the other one of Alexander, of both, as I imagine, reconciled to one another after the battle; for the one is in the attitude of one man greeting another, and tlie other of one doing homage. Now they say that the grove in the neighbourhood of the river is dedicated to this goddess, as also the fishes called peacock fish which are bred in this river alone, and which have been given the same name as the bird, because their fins CHAP. There is also a creature in this iiver which resembles a white worm. By melting this down they make an oil, and from this oil, it appears, there is given off a flame such that nothing but glass can contain it. And this creature may be caught by the king alone who utilises it for the capture of cities ; for as soon as the fat in question touches the battlements, a fire is kindled which defies all the ordinary means devised by men against combustibles. II And they say that wild asses are also to be chap. Accordingly, this goblet is reserved for kings, and the king alone may indulge in the chase of this creature. And Apollonius says that he saw this animal, and admired its natural features ; but when Dami. IV They say that from this point they crossed the chap. Nor did they neglect to record the look aitd appearance of tliis tree, and I will repeat exactly their account of it. The inhabitants of the country, however, are not disposed to allow this, because they regard these animals as their benefactors, and so make war against the litms in behalf of them. For this is the way they go to work in collecting the pe]; per ; the. Indians go up to the lower trees and pluck off the fruit, and they make little rouiul shallow pits around the trees, into which they collect the pepper, carelessly tossing it in, as if it had no value and was of tio seinous use to mankind. V After crossing the top of the mountain, they say chap. But they say that this soil is the best in India, and constitutes the greatest of the territorial divisions of that country, extending in length towards the Ganges a jommey of fifteen days and of eighteen from the sea to the mountain of the apes along which it skirts. The whole soil of the plain is blade and fei'tile of everything ; for jtju can see on it standing corn as high as reeds, and yon can also see beans three times as large as the Egyptian kind, as well as sesame and millet of enormous siize. And they say that nuts also grow there, of which many are treasured up in our temples here as objects of curiosity. They also say that they came, upon a tree there resembling the laurel, upon which there grew a cup or husk resembling a very large pomegranate ; and inside the cup there was a kernel as blue as the cups of the hyacinth, but sweeter to the taste than any of the fruits the seasons bring. For it is utterly absurd for those who are amateurs of hare-hunting to spin yarns about the hare, as to how it is caught or ought to be caught, and yet that we should omit to describe a chase as bold as it is wonderful, and in which the sage was careful to assist ; so 1 have written the following accK unt of it: The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size ; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without oiui. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads, but in this respect resemble the she-dragons. VII And the dragons along the foothills and the chap. These actually have a chap. This kind also have beards, and lift their necks on high, while their scales glitter like silver ; Their eyos and the pupils of their eyes consist of a fiery stone, and they say that this has an uncanny power for goiuH many secret purposes. In most respects they resemble the largest swine, but they are slighter in build and flexible, and they have teeth as sharp and indestruct- ible as those of the largest fishes. VIII Now the dragons of the mountains have scales of chap a golden colour, and in length excel those of plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of catching a golden hue ; and their eyebrows are more prominent than those of the plain, and their eye is sunk deep of spells under the eyebrow, and emits a tei-rible and ruthless glance. And they give off a noise like the clashing of brass whenever they are burrowing under the earth, and from their crests, which are all fiery red, there flashes a fire brighter than a torch. They embroider golden runes on a scarlet chap cloak, which they lay in front of the animafs burrow after charming them to sleep with the runes ; for this is the only way to overcome the eyes of the dragon, which are otherwise inflexible, and much mysteri- ous lore is sung by them to overcome him. These runes induce the dragon to stretch his neck out of his burrow and fall asleep over them: And they say that in the heads of the mountain dragons there are stored away stones of flowery colour, which flash out all kinds of hues, and possess a mystical powder if set in a ring, like that which they say belonged to Gyges, But often the Indian, in spite of his axe and his cunning, is caught by the dragon, who carries him off into his burrow, and almost shakes the mountains as he disappears. These are also said to inhabit the mountains in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, and they say that they heard them hissing terribly and that they saw them go down to the shore and swim far out into the sea. It was impossible however to ascertain the number of years that this creature lives, nor would my statements be believed. This is all I know about dragons. IX They tell us that the city under the mountain is chap of great size and is called Parax, and that in the centre of it are stored up a great many heads of dragons, for the Indians who inhabit it are trained from their boyhood in this form of sport. X C'Ap. And as they advanced they thought they heard the pipe of some shepherd marshalling his flock, but it turned out to be a man looking after a herd of white hinds, for the Indians use these for milking, and And their milk very nutritious. It seems to me that this fellow, were he a mariner who had reached harbour after a long sea voyage, would worry at being on land and tremble at being in dock. And it seems that what scared tlie guide so much was that he was now close to the sages ; for the Indians fear these people more than they do their own king, because the very king to whom the land is subject consults them about every- thing that he has to say or do, just as people who send to an oracle of a god ; and the sages indicate to him what it is expedient for him to do, and what is inexpedient, and dissuade and warn him off with signs. XII Then he ran up to Apollonius and addressed chap. We have reached men who are unfeignedly wise, for they seem to have the gift of foreknowledge. On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipt and rolled down. For they say that Dionysus, when he was trying to stox'm the place together with Her- cules, Ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to take it by assault; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed. And they say that they saw a cloud floating round the eminence on which the Indians live and render themselves visible or invisible at will. But iie learnt afterwards that the soil underneath the well was composed of realgar, but that they regarded the water as holy and mysterious, and no one either drank it or drew it up, but it was regarded by the whole land of India all around as binding in oaths. It is here that the Indians purify themselves of involuntary sins, wherefore the sages call the well, the well of testing, and the fire, the fire of pardon. And they say that The jars of they saw there two jars of black stone, of the rains and of tlie winds respectively. But the jar of the winds plays, I imagine, the same role as the bag of Aeolus: And they say that they came chap. These were set up by these Indians and worshipped with Greek rites. And they say that they are met with in the heart of India. Now they regard the summit of this hill as the navel of the earth, and on it they worship fire with mysterious rites, deriving the fire, according to their own account, from the rays of the sun ; and to the Sun they sing a hymn every day at midday. XV Apollonius himself describes the character of tliese chap. BpSxriVj go? And farther they pray to the Sxin who governs the seasons by bis' might, that the latter may siuiceed duly in the land, so that India nuiy ] rosper ; but of a night they intreat the ray of light not to take the night iimiss, but to stay with them just as they have brougiit it down. All the springs which the Bacchanals see Their water, leajnng up from the ground under their feet, whenever Dionysus stirs them and earth in a common convulsion, sjnfing up in plenty for these Indians also when they are entertaining or being entertained. Apollonius therefore was right in saying that people provided as they are with all they want offliand and without having prepared anything, possess what they do not possess. This is what I they make their sacred vesture of, and if anyone , else except these Indians tries to pluck it up, the earth refuses to surrender its wool. And they all carry both a ring and a staff of which the peculiar virtues can eifect all things, and the one and the other, so we learn, are piized as secrets. Buddhisfc monks still wear a similar garment. The so-called wool was asbestos. Then having read the epistle, he chap said: Other people ask those who BrSmans arrive among them, who they are that come, and wily, but the first display we make of our wisdom consists in showing that we are not ignorant who it is that comes. And you may test this point to begin with. All this, just as if he had shared their voyage with them, the Indian recounted straight off, quite clearly and without pausing for breath. And when Apollonius was astounded and asked him how he came to know it all, he replied: And you too are come to share in this wisdom, but you are not yet an adept. But as it is nearly mid- day, and we miisfc get ready our offerings for the Gods, let us now employ oiu'selves with that, and afterwards let us converse as much as you like ; but you must take ] art in all our religious rites. But they sang a song resembling the paean of Sophocles which they sing at Athens in honour of Asclepius. But when they had alighted upon the ground, larchas called the stripling who carried the anchor and said: Do you look after the companions of Apollonius. Bring out the tlironc of Phraotes for the wise Apolloxiins tliat lie may sit upon it to converse with us. Ask chap. We know everything, just because we begin by knowing ourselves ; for no one of us would be admitted to this philosophy unless he first knew himself. XIX He therefore resumed his questions and said: Ethiopians, an Indian race, dwelt in this country, and when Etliiopia. Well, at that time of which I speak, the Ethiopians lived here, and were subject to King Ganges, and the land was sufficient for then sustenance, and the gods watched over them; but when they slew this king, neither did the rest of the Indians regard them as pure, nor did the land permit them to remain upon it ; for it spoiled tlie seed which they sowed in it before it came into ear, and it inflicted miscarriages on their women, and it gave a nnscrable feed to their flocks ; and wherever they tried to found a city, it would give way and sink down under their feet. For this Ganges on one occasion fixed seven swords made of adamant in the earth, to prevent any monster approaching oiir country ; now the gods ordered us to go and offer a sacrifice where he had implanted these weapons, though without indicatiixg the spot where he had fixed them, I was a mere child, and yet I led the interpreters of their will to a trench, and told them to dig there, for it was there 1 said that they had been laid. For it is a terrible thing you tell me, if one so well adapted by nature to the pursuit refuses to embrace philosophy, and has no love for learning, and that although he lives with you. The truth is this stripling was once Palamedes of Troy, and he found his bitterest enemies in Odysseus and Homer ; for the one laid an ambush against him of people by whom he was stoned to death, while the other denied him any place in his Epic ; and becfiuse neither the wisdom with which lie was endowed was of any use to him, nor did he meet with any praise from ITomer, to wliom never- theless many people of no great importance owe their renown, and because he was outwitted by Odysseus in spite of his innocence, he has conceived an aver- sion to philosophy, and deplores his ill-luck. And he is Palamedes, for indeed he can write without liaving learned his letters. The King will come early in tlie afternoon to consult you about his own bu. He accordingly asked Apollonius the question: The woman is technically being paid for her 'performance,' not the sex act. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. 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Since you tempt me to chap talk about pilotage, I would have you hear what I consider to have been my soundest exploit at that time. And to get rid of a thousand misfortunes which beset pilots owing to the roughness of tlie sea? However they persevered and promised to give me a purse of a thousand drachmas, if I would be their man and do what tliey wanted. They therefore went offy but I put sti'aight out to sea after doubling the promontory.

Sex Moroco Watch Sex arab nude Video Wwwxxx Conm. And the very fashion of letting my hair grow long, I have learnt from P3i;hagoras as pai-t of his discipline, and also it is a result of his wisdom that I keep myself pure from animal food. I cannot therefore become either for you or for anybody else a companion in drinking or an associate in idleness and luxury ; but if you have problems of conduct that arc difficult and hard to settle, I will furnish you with solutions, for I not only know matters of practice and duty, but I even know them beforehand. Let me therefore be entertained by some private person who has the same means as myself, and I will visit with you as often as you like. But before he had finished dinner one of the eunuchs who carry messages presented himself and addressed him thus: But Damis says that he expected him to ask for nothings because he had studied his character and knew that he offered to the gods the following prayer: But at eventide: For you will perliaps ask for nothing at all, but you should be careful and be on your guard lest you should seem to decline any gift the king may offer, as they say, out of jnere empty pride, for you see the land tliat you are in and that we are wholly in his power. But, O Damis, are you not going to give me some examples? Moreover they tell of how Fhidoxus of Cnidus once arrived in Egyj t and botli admitted that he had come there in quest of money, and conversed with the king about the matter. And so a man must fortify himself and under- stand that a wise man who yields to laziness or anger or passion, or love of drink, or who commits any other action prompted by impulse and inopportune, will probably find his fault condoned ; but if he stoops to greed, he will not he pardoned, but I'ender himself odious as a combination of all vices at once. But you perhaps imagine that it is a lesser thing to go wrong in Babylon than to go wrong at Athens or at the Olympian or Pythian games ; and you do not reflect that a wise man finds Hellas everywhere, and that a sage will not regard or consider any place to be a desert or barbarous. But the sage caught him up and said: I will come as soon as I xxxv have duly discharged my religious duties. And when he had come within, tho the king said: I will not, O king, decline all your gifts ; but there is one which I ] refer to many tens of gifts, and for that I will most eagerly solicit. The guards of the harem were now dragging him along by the hair in the way they do royal slaves. Nay, but it is disgraceful, gentlemen, that, in the presence of Apollonius, wc should be enlarging on the subject of ciiastity rather tlian he. For if he lives with this disease of impotence on him, and can never take pleasure in eating or drinking, nor in the spectacles which delight you and your companions, and if his heart will throb as he often leaps up in his sleep, as they say is particularly the case of peoi le in love, — is there any form of consumption so wasting as this, any foiun of hunger so likely to enfeeble liis bowels? Indeed, unless he be one of those who are ready to live at any price, he will entreat you, 0 king, before long even to slay him, or he will slay himself, deeply deploring that lie was not put to death straight away this very day. The king sexit blie embassy aside, and said: O Apollonius, these villages were given to my forefathers by the kings wliom I mentioned, that they might sustain the wild animals, which are taken by us in our country and sent to theirs across the Euphrates, and they, as if they had forgotten this fact, have espoused a policy that is new and unjust. What then do you think are the intentions of the embassy? Their intention, 0 king, is moderate and fair, seeing that they only desire to obtain from you, with your consent, places which, as they are in their territory, they can equally well retain without it. And when the king was ill he visited him, and discoursed so weightily and in such a lofty strain about the soul, that the king recovered, and said to his courtiers, that Apollonius had so wrought upon him that he now felt a contempt, not only for his kingdom but also for death. Apollonius in answer belittled the wonder of the work, and said: This, for you, O king, represents wealth, but to me it is mere chaff. Come, let us start for India, m I ndia. Now it has not yet all of it expired, for we have so far only spent a year and four months ; however, if we can depart at once, it would be as well. O excellent king, I have in no way rejnunerated my host and I owe a reward to the Magi ; do you therefore attend to them, and oblige me by bestowing your favours on men who are both wise and wholly devoted to yourself. And when they too declined the offer, Apollonius said: You see, O king, how many hands I have, and how closely they resemble one another. A graceful gift, O king, for if I am turned into a wiser man by the society of people yonder, I shall return to you here a better man than I now am. The country through which they travelled was fertile ; and the villages received them veiy respectfully, for the leading camel bore upon his forehead a chain of gold, to intimate to all who met them that the king was sending on their: And as they approached the Caucasus they say that they found the land becoming more fragrant. II We may regard this mountain as the beginning of chap. As to tlie statement made about such part of the Taurus as is in our own country, to the effect that it projects beyond Armenia, — it was long disbelieved, but has received definite confirmation from the conduct of the pards, Ouioupards Mdhch I know are caught in the spice-bearing region of Pamphjdia, For these animals delight in fragrant odours, and scenting their smell from afar off they quit Armenia and traverse the mountains in search of the tear or gum of the Styrax, "whenever the winds blow from its quarter and the trees are distilling. And they say that a pard was once caught in Painphylia which was wearing a chain rouTid its neck, and the chain was of gold, and on it was inscribed in Armenian lettering: The king Anuoniati Arsaces to the Nysian god. IV CAP. And some say that he wa. But the inhabitants of the Caucasus regard the eagle as a hostile bird, and burn out the nests which they build among the rocks by hurling into them fiery darts, and they also set snares for them, declai'ing that they are avenging Prometheus ; to such an extent are their imaginations dominated by the fable. V CAP. For they were cniAP. And Apollonius realised what it was, and himself heaped abuse on the hob- goblin and instructed his painty to do the same, saying that this was the light remedy for such a visitation. On the i lain. For yesterdfiy we were travelling through the valley below, while to-day we are close up to heaven. And my question which I asked you to begin with was a fair one, although you thought that I asked it in order to make fun of you. VI CAP. Vll Anp as they were taking' breakfast by a spring of chap. But you will not, I am sure, refuse this as you do wine that is made from the fruit of the vine. And what would you thiiik of me, if you could persuade me of such tilings? But how can one who has dishonoured and cast awviy pliilosophy, ever recover her? And in this case Dionysus might well jiardon one who refuses all wine whatever, but if I chose date-wine in jirefcrence to that made of grapes, he would be aggrieved, I am sure, and say that his gift had been scorned and floiited. Moreover, dumkenness, Damis, invades men not from drinking the wine of grapes alone, for they are ecpially roused to frenzy by date-wine. And that you yourself regard this drink as genuine wine, is clear from the fact that , you poured out a libation of it to Zeus and offered up the prayers which usually accompany wine. And the image resembled a youthful Indian, and was carved out of polished white stone. And when Dionysus celebrates his orgies and shaLes Nysa, the cities underneath the mountain hear the noise and exult in sympathy. IX Now the Hellenes disagree with the Indians, and chap. And it is a disc of Indian silver bearing the inscription: IX CAP. X iic TO jovv T? Thebes ; and that it was there that Alexander held his orgies. But the inhabitants of Nysa deny that Alex- ander ever went up the mountain, although he was eager to do so, being an ambitious person and fond of old-woi'ld things ; but he was afraid lest his Mace- donians, if they got iiinong vines, which they had not seen for a long time, would fall into a fit of home- sickness or recover their taste for wine, after they had already become accustomed to water only. So they say he passed by Nysa, making his vow to Dionysus, and sacrificing at tlie foot of the inountahi. X Damis says that he did not see the rock called the chap. And this is the reason why the rock was called and actually is Birdless. And when they wondered at the sight, Apollonius said: Dainis, and what is the business of a good horseman? For I see nothing else upon the animal except the boy. But of a niglit the elephant i. Such control, O Damis, Jias he over himself, and it is his instinctive obedience which actuates him rather than the man who sits upon him and directs him. And the ludiau ele] haiits are as much bigger, than those of Libya, as these are bigger than the horses of Nisa. And other authorities have dwelt on the age of the animals, and say tliat they are very long-lived ; but our party too say that they came The on an elephant near Taxila, the greatest city in India, wdio was anointed with myrrh by the natives and Tuxiia adorned with fillets. For, they, said, this elephant was one of those who fought on the side of Porus against Alexander; and, as it had made a brave light, Alexander dedicated it to the Sun. And it bad, they say, gold rings around its tusks or horns, whichever you call them, and an inscription was on them written in Clreek, as follows: Alexander the son of Zeus dedicates Ajax to the Sun. And the natives reckoned that years had elapsed since the battle, without taking into account how old the elephant was when he went into battle. For nature implants these tusks in tlieir jaws for the sake of defence. And moreover, a circular ridge is formed year by year at the base of the, horns, as we see in the case of goats and sheep and oxen ; but a tusk grows out quite smooth, and unless something breaks it, it always remains so, for it consists of a material and sub- stance a,s hard as stone. If I may also describe the characters of these elephants ; those which come from the marshes, and are taken there, are considered to be stupid and idle by the Indians ; but those which come from tlie mountains they regard a. Said A] ononius: No one, O Daniis, has instructed them to do this, but tiiey act of their own instinctive wisdom and cleverne. XIV Affection uf olepluxiitH for tlioir youiii? And I also equally have in mind the panther, which, from the warmth of its temperament, delights to become a mother, for that is the time when it is determined to rule the male and be mistress of the household ; and the male puts up with anything and everything from her, subordinating everything 'to the welfare of the offspring. And they say the tigress, although she is the cruellest. And who does not know the ways of birds, bow that the eagles and tlie cranes will not build their nests until they have fixed in them, the one an eagle-stone, and the other a. And if we look at creatures in the sea, we need not wonder at the dolphins loving their m CHAP. And a vijier has been seen licking the serpents whicli it had borne, and caressing them with her tongue, which she shoots out for the jnirpose. But w: But tell me this: But surely they ought to travel in the op] osite fashion, and make tlje biggest ones a wall and ram] art in front of themselves. But the fact that the smallest is able to get across is a sign in itself to the rest that there is no difficulty. And when the Indian received the letter, he declared that , he was highly honoured, and would interest himself in i! And moreover I kxiow that God has set tlie Efliiopian and the Indian at the two extremes or horns of the entire earth, making black the latter who dwell where the sun rises no less than the former who dwell where it sets ; now how should this be the case of the inhabitants, unless they en- joyed summer heat during the winter? But where the sun warms the earth all through the year, how can one suppose that it ever snows? And they also say that they learned from the Indians that the king was in the habit of coming to this river when it rose in the appropriate seasons, and would sacrifice to the river bulls and black horses ; for white is less esteemed by the Indians than black, because, I imagine, the latter is their own colour ; and when he has sacrificed, they say that he plunges into the river a measure of gold made to resemble that which is used in measuring wheat. XX And after they had crossed the idver, they were chap conducted by the satrap's guide direct to Taxila, where the Indian had his royal palace. And they say that on this. And Apollonius says that he was delighted Bysaus with the byssus, because i. And the byssus is imported into Egypt from India for many sacred uses. Taxila, they tell us, is about as big as Nineveh, and was fortified Oroek fairly well after the manner of rreek cities ; and here was the royal residence of the personage who then Taxila ruled the empire of Porus. And they saw a Temple, they say, in front of the wall, which was not far short of feet in size, made of porphyry, and there was constructed within it a shrine, somewhat small as compared with the great size of the Temple which is also surrounded with columns, and deserving of notice. And the metals were blended in the design, melted in like so many colours ; and the character of the picture was also pleasing in itself, for Porus dedicated these designs after the death of the Macedonian, who is depicted in then: And it is said that Porus was grieved at the death of Alexander, and that he lamented him as a generous and good prince ; and as long as Alexander was alive after his departure from India, he never used the royal diction and style, although he had license to do so, nor issued kingly edicts to the Indians, but figured himself as a satrap full of moderation, and guided in every action by the wisli to please Alexander. XXI My argument does not allow me to pass over chap the accounts written of this Poms. If the temper of my subjects is such that I cannot save myself without allies, then for me it is better not to be king. Nay, I shall cany him, if I prove myself the same man I used to be. It ill befits those who have anns to resort to imprecation. For by shewing myself to be such a maii as Alexander found me, I both lost and won everything in one day. O Damis, is there such a thing as painting? Are we not to regard them as works of imitation? Then, Damis, God is' a painter, and has left his winged chariot, upon which he travels, as he disposes of affairs human and divine, and he sits down on these occasions to amuse himself by drawing these pictures, as children make figures in the sand. But Apollonius, on his side, had no wish to humiliate him, for he was not unfeeling in his refutations of people, and said: But I am sure, Damis, you did not mean that ; rather tliat these figures flit through the heaven not only without meaning, but, so far as providence is concerned, by mere chance ; while we who by nature are prone to imitation rearrange and create them in these regular figures. And the same would appear to be true of plastic art. But, methinks, you would not confine painting itself to the mere use of colours, for a single colour was often found sufficient for this purpose by our older j ainters ; and as the art advanced, it employed four, and later, yet more ; but we must also concede the name of a painting to an outline drawn without any colour at all, and composed merely of shadow and light. For in such designs we see a re. But on the walls of the Temple there were luSiindGr red stones, and gold glittered underneath, and gave off a sheen as blight as sunlight. But the statue wa. Robertson Smith, Eeligion of the Semites f , p. Kal Trapacrr'rjcrdp. And when a satrap, for the great esteem in which he held the monarch, desired to bind on his brow a golden mitre adorned with various stones, he said: But my own meal consists ot vegetables and of the pith and fruit of date palms, and of all that a well-watered garden yields in the way of fruit. And a great deal of fruit is yielded to me by the trees which I cultivate with these hands. Then he took Apollonius by the hand, and ] laving bidden the interpreter to depart, he said: But Apollonius was surprised, Apollonius and remarked: Why did you not converse with me thus, from the beginning? But tliat I am quite competent in the Greek speech I will show you amply. Upon it laurels are strewn, and other branches which are similar to the myrtle, but yield to the Indiairs their balm. Upon it are served up fish and birds, and there are also laid upon it wiiole lions and gazelles and swine and the loins of tigers ; for they decline to eat the other parts of this animal, because they say that, as soon as it is born, it lifts up its front paws to the rising Sun. For the archer, before he let fly, went round the banqueters and showed them the point of his weapon, and let them try the missile themselves. Such are their forms of entertainment in their banquets, and they aim straight, even when they are drunk. And the reason is this: And by pure I mean, firstly, in resjiect of his parentage, that no disgraceful deed can be proved against either his father or his mother ; next that their imrents in turn, up to the third generation, are equally pure, that there was no ruffian among them, no debauchee, nor any unjust usurer. And when no scar or reproach can be proved against them, nor any other stain whatever, then it is time narrowly to inspect the young man himself and test him, to see firstly, whetlier he has a good memory, and secondly, whether he is modest and reserved in disposition, and does not merely jiretend to be so, whether he is addicted to drink, or greedy, or a quack, or a buffoon, or rash, or abusive, to see whether he is obedient to his father, to his mother, to his teachers, to his school-masters, and above all, if he makes no bad use of his personal attractions. For whenever an Indian dies, there visits his house a particular authority charged. But the particulars of. For in many cases a man's eyes reveal the secrets of his character, and in many cases there is material for forming a judgment and appraising his value in his eyebrows and cheeks, for from these features the dispositions of people can be detected by wise and scientific men. For '-eciug liial pliilosopliy is highly esteemed in this counliy. XXXI My grandfather was king, and had the same name chap. But they did not carry on the king's government honestly on his behalf. No, by the Sun, but so unfairly that their subjects found their regime oppressive and the government fell into bad repute. And he has more subjects than I have, and his country is much more fertile than this one. The king ho'wever being anxious, to restore liim to his fathers kingdom, my father sfiid: If you see that I am become a genuine philosopher, then restore me ; but if not, let me remain as I am. Now seven years fdterwards the king fell sick, and at the very moment wdien he was dying, he scut for my hither, and ai: But, alas, my good uncle had already taken away the villages, and didn't even leave throne' me the few acres my father had acquired ; for he said that the whole of them belonged to his kingdom, and that I should get more than I deserved if he spared my life. I cannot but think that some god set me on reading this drama at the moment, and I followed the omen; and having crossed the river I learnt that one of the usurpers of the kingdom was dead, and that the other was besieged in this very 2 alace. And when I ap2: But the drone that was within they walled up, although I protested against his being 2mt to such a death. Apollonius inteiTupted and said: You have chap. But tell me this about i] c. Thence it is clear that it was not the Theban Hercules, but the Egyptian one, that came to Gadira, and fixed the limits of the world. For it is yourself I suppose that they honour with their pipes. For unless the mind is thoroughly composed, the eyes will not admit of sleep either. For note how madmen are not able to go to sleep because their mind leaps with excitement, and their thoughts run coursing hither and thither, so that their glances are full of fury and morbid impulse, like those of the dragons who never sleep. All, I tell you, who try to go to sleep when in drink seem to themselves to be rushed up on to the roof, and then to be dashed down to the ground, and to fall into a whirl, as they say ha2: Now these, O king, are the affections of a madman. But those who chunk water, as I do, see things as they really are, and they do not record in fancy things that are not ; and they were never found to be giddy, nor full of drowsiness, or of silliness, nor unduly elated; but they are wide awake and thoroughly rational, and always the same, whether late in the evening or early in the morning when the market is crowded ; for these men never nod, even though they pursue their studies far into the night. For sleep does not drive them forth, pressing down like a slave-holder upon their necks, that are bowed down by the wine ; but you find them free and erect, and they go to bed with a clear, i iire soul and welcome sleep, and are neither buoyed up by the bubbles of their own private luck, nor scared out of their wits by any adversity. For the soul meets both alternatives with equal calm, if it be sober and not overcome by either feeling ; and that is why it can sleep a delightful sleep untouched by the sorrows which startle others from their couches. F jr if it was at dawn and in the sleep of morning- tide, they calculate its meaning on the assumption that the soul is then in a condition to divine soundly and healthily, because by then it has cleansed itself of the stains of wine. But if the vision was seen in the first sleep or at midnight, when the soul is still immersed in the lees of wine and muddied thereby, they decline to make any suggestions, if they are wise. And that the gods also are of this opinion, and that they commit the faculty of oracular resi onse to souls which are sober, I will clearly show. There was, O king, a seer among the Greeks called Am- j hiaraus. And I could mention many oracles, held in repute by Greeks and barbarians alike, where the priest utters his responses from the tripod after imbibing water and not wine. So you may consider me also as a lit vehicle of the god, O king, along with all who drink water. For we are rapt by the nymphs and are bacchantie revellers in sobriety. For in the case of a king a philosophy that is at once moderate and indulgent makes a good mixture, as is seen in your own case ; but an excess of rigour and severity would seem vulgar, O king, and beneath your august station ; and it might be construed by the envious as due to pride. N they had thus conversed, for by this time it chap. And Apollonius, understanding that the king had to give audience to embassies and such -like, said: It seems then to me, O king, right to weigh these men in the balance, as it were, and to examine their respective lives ; for I cannot believe that the gods would deprive the one even of his land, unless he was a bad man, or that they would, on the other hand, bestow on the other even what was under the land, unless he was better than the man who sold it. Accordingly, the opinion of Apollonius prevailed, and the better of tlie two men quitted the court as one on whom the gods liad bestowed this boon. JG aura? I assure you, the true con- dition of the camels has not been acknowledged to you ; for they are in such an evil state that we could carry them rather than they us, and we must have others. But I have a herd of camels on the Indus, all of them white. And Apollonius said that he had enough gold already, because Vardan had given it to the guide on the sly ; but that lie would accept the linen robes, because they were like the cloaks worn by tlie ancient and genuine inhabitants of Attica. And he took up one of the stones and said: O rare stone, msgift how opportunely have I found you, and how jiro- videntially! Neither would the companions of Damis accept for themselves the gold ; neverthe- less they took good handfuls of the gems, in order to dedicate them to the gods, whenever they should regain their own country. XLI So they remained the next day as well, for the chap. Indian would not let them go, and he gave them a letter for larchas, written in the following terms: And let him also see the throne, on wdiieh 1 sat, when you. Father larchas, bestowed on me the kingdom. And his followers too deserve commendation for their devotion to sucli a master. Farewell to yourself and 3 mur companions. And at a short distance from one another there are said to liave been built two gates, carrying the one a statue of Porus, and the other one of Alexander, of both, as I imagine, reconciled to one another after the battle; for the one is in the attitude of one man greeting another, and tlie other of one doing homage. Now they say that the grove in the neighbourhood of the river is dedicated to this goddess, as also the fishes called peacock fish which are bred in this river alone, and which have been given the same name as the bird, because their fins CHAP. There is also a creature in this iiver which resembles a white worm. By melting this down they make an oil, and from this oil, it appears, there is given off a flame such that nothing but glass can contain it. And this creature may be caught by the king alone who utilises it for the capture of cities ; for as soon as the fat in question touches the battlements, a fire is kindled which defies all the ordinary means devised by men against combustibles. II And they say that wild asses are also to be chap. Accordingly, this goblet is reserved for kings, and the king alone may indulge in the chase of this creature. And Apollonius says that he saw this animal, and admired its natural features ; but when Dami. IV They say that from this point they crossed the chap. Nor did they neglect to record the look aitd appearance of tliis tree, and I will repeat exactly their account of it. The inhabitants of the country, however, are not disposed to allow this, because they regard these animals as their benefactors, and so make war against the litms in behalf of them. For this is the way they go to work in collecting the pe]; per ; the. Indians go up to the lower trees and pluck off the fruit, and they make little rouiul shallow pits around the trees, into which they collect the pepper, carelessly tossing it in, as if it had no value and was of tio seinous use to mankind. V After crossing the top of the mountain, they say chap. But they say that this soil is the best in India, and constitutes the greatest of the territorial divisions of that country, extending in length towards the Ganges a jommey of fifteen days and of eighteen from the sea to the mountain of the apes along which it skirts. The whole soil of the plain is blade and fei'tile of everything ; for jtju can see on it standing corn as high as reeds, and yon can also see beans three times as large as the Egyptian kind, as well as sesame and millet of enormous siize. And they say that nuts also grow there, of which many are treasured up in our temples here as objects of curiosity. They also say that they came, upon a tree there resembling the laurel, upon which there grew a cup or husk resembling a very large pomegranate ; and inside the cup there was a kernel as blue as the cups of the hyacinth, but sweeter to the taste than any of the fruits the seasons bring. For it is utterly absurd for those who are amateurs of hare-hunting to spin yarns about the hare, as to how it is caught or ought to be caught, and yet that we should omit to describe a chase as bold as it is wonderful, and in which the sage was careful to assist ; so 1 have written the following accK unt of it: The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size ; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without oiui. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads, but in this respect resemble the she-dragons. VII And the dragons along the foothills and the chap. These actually have a chap. This kind also have beards, and lift their necks on high, while their scales glitter like silver ; Their eyos and the pupils of their eyes consist of a fiery stone, and they say that this has an uncanny power for goiuH many secret purposes. In most respects they resemble the largest swine, but they are slighter in build and flexible, and they have teeth as sharp and indestruct- ible as those of the largest fishes. VIII Now the dragons of the mountains have scales of chap a golden colour, and in length excel those of plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of catching a golden hue ; and their eyebrows are more prominent than those of the plain, and their eye is sunk deep of spells under the eyebrow, and emits a tei-rible and ruthless glance. And they give off a noise like the clashing of brass whenever they are burrowing under the earth, and from their crests, which are all fiery red, there flashes a fire brighter than a torch. They embroider golden runes on a scarlet chap cloak, which they lay in front of the animafs burrow after charming them to sleep with the runes ; for this is the only way to overcome the eyes of the dragon, which are otherwise inflexible, and much mysteri- ous lore is sung by them to overcome him. These runes induce the dragon to stretch his neck out of his burrow and fall asleep over them: And they say that in the heads of the mountain dragons there are stored away stones of flowery colour, which flash out all kinds of hues, and possess a mystical powder if set in a ring, like that which they say belonged to Gyges, But often the Indian, in spite of his axe and his cunning, is caught by the dragon, who carries him off into his burrow, and almost shakes the mountains as he disappears. These are also said to inhabit the mountains in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, and they say that they heard them hissing terribly and that they saw them go down to the shore and swim far out into the sea. It was impossible however to ascertain the number of years that this creature lives, nor would my statements be believed. This is all I know about dragons. IX They tell us that the city under the mountain is chap of great size and is called Parax, and that in the centre of it are stored up a great many heads of dragons, for the Indians who inhabit it are trained from their boyhood in this form of sport. X C'Ap. And as they advanced they thought they heard the pipe of some shepherd marshalling his flock, but it turned out to be a man looking after a herd of white hinds, for the Indians use these for milking, and And their milk very nutritious. It seems to me that this fellow, were he a mariner who had reached harbour after a long sea voyage, would worry at being on land and tremble at being in dock. And it seems that what scared tlie guide so much was that he was now close to the sages ; for the Indians fear these people more than they do their own king, because the very king to whom the land is subject consults them about every- thing that he has to say or do, just as people who send to an oracle of a god ; and the sages indicate to him what it is expedient for him to do, and what is inexpedient, and dissuade and warn him off with signs. XII Then he ran up to Apollonius and addressed chap. We have reached men who are unfeignedly wise, for they seem to have the gift of foreknowledge. On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipt and rolled down. For they say that Dionysus, when he was trying to stox'm the place together with Her- cules, Ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to take it by assault; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed. And they say that they saw a cloud floating round the eminence on which the Indians live and render themselves visible or invisible at will. But iie learnt afterwards that the soil underneath the well was composed of realgar, but that they regarded the water as holy and mysterious, and no one either drank it or drew it up, but it was regarded by the whole land of India all around as binding in oaths. It is here that the Indians purify themselves of involuntary sins, wherefore the sages call the well, the well of testing, and the fire, the fire of pardon. And they say that The jars of they saw there two jars of black stone, of the rains and of tlie winds respectively. But the jar of the winds plays, I imagine, the same role as the bag of Aeolus: And they say that they came chap. These were set up by these Indians and worshipped with Greek rites. And they say that they are met with in the heart of India. Now they regard the summit of this hill as the navel of the earth, and on it they worship fire with mysterious rites, deriving the fire, according to their own account, from the rays of the sun ; and to the Sun they sing a hymn every day at midday. XV Apollonius himself describes the character of tliese chap. BpSxriVj go? And farther they pray to the Sxin who governs the seasons by bis' might, that the latter may siuiceed duly in the land, so that India nuiy ] rosper ; but of a night they intreat the ray of light not to take the night iimiss, but to stay with them just as they have brougiit it down. All the springs which the Bacchanals see Their water, leajnng up from the ground under their feet, whenever Dionysus stirs them and earth in a common convulsion, sjnfing up in plenty for these Indians also when they are entertaining or being entertained. Apollonius therefore was right in saying that people provided as they are with all they want offliand and without having prepared anything, possess what they do not possess. This is what I they make their sacred vesture of, and if anyone , else except these Indians tries to pluck it up, the earth refuses to surrender its wool. And they all carry both a ring and a staff of which the peculiar virtues can eifect all things, and the one and the other, so we learn, are piized as secrets. Buddhisfc monks still wear a similar garment. The so-called wool was asbestos. Then having read the epistle, he chap said: Other people ask those who BrSmans arrive among them, who they are that come, and wily, but the first display we make of our wisdom consists in showing that we are not ignorant who it is that comes. And you may test this point to begin with. All this, just as if he had shared their voyage with them, the Indian recounted straight off, quite clearly and without pausing for breath. And when Apollonius was astounded and asked him how he came to know it all, he replied: And you too are come to share in this wisdom, but you are not yet an adept. But as it is nearly mid- day, and we miisfc get ready our offerings for the Gods, let us now employ oiu'selves with that, and afterwards let us converse as much as you like ; but you must take ] art in all our religious rites. But they sang a song resembling the paean of Sophocles which they sing at Athens in honour of Asclepius. But when they had alighted upon the ground, larchas called the stripling who carried the anchor and said: Do you look after the companions of Apollonius. Bring out the tlironc of Phraotes for the wise Apolloxiins tliat lie may sit upon it to converse with us. Ask chap. We know everything, just because we begin by knowing ourselves ; for no one of us would be admitted to this philosophy unless he first knew himself. XIX He therefore resumed his questions and said: Ethiopians, an Indian race, dwelt in this country, and when Etliiopia. Well, at that time of which I speak, the Ethiopians lived here, and were subject to King Ganges, and the land was sufficient for then sustenance, and the gods watched over them; but when they slew this king, neither did the rest of the Indians regard them as pure, nor did the land permit them to remain upon it ; for it spoiled tlie seed which they sowed in it before it came into ear, and it inflicted miscarriages on their women, and it gave a nnscrable feed to their flocks ; and wherever they tried to found a city, it would give way and sink down under their feet. For this Ganges on one occasion fixed seven swords made of adamant in the earth, to prevent any monster approaching oiir country ; now the gods ordered us to go and offer a sacrifice where he had implanted these weapons, though without indicatiixg the spot where he had fixed them, I was a mere child, and yet I led the interpreters of their will to a trench, and told them to dig there, for it was there 1 said that they had been laid. For it is a terrible thing you tell me, if one so well adapted by nature to the pursuit refuses to embrace philosophy, and has no love for learning, and that although he lives with you. The truth is this stripling was once Palamedes of Troy, and he found his bitterest enemies in Odysseus and Homer ; for the one laid an ambush against him of people by whom he was stoned to death, while the other denied him any place in his Epic ; and becfiuse neither the wisdom with which lie was endowed was of any use to him, nor did he meet with any praise from ITomer, to wliom never- theless many people of no great importance owe their renown, and because he was outwitted by Odysseus in spite of his innocence, he has conceived an aver- sion to philosophy, and deplores his ill-luck. And he is Palamedes, for indeed he can write without liaving learned his letters. The King will come early in tlie afternoon to consult you about his own bu. He accordingly asked Apollonius the question: Since it was an ignoble episode, I do not remember much about it. Egyptian vessel, for I perceive that this is what you were? Is it your having doubled the capes of Malea and Sunium, by checking your ship wLen it was drifting out of its course, and your having disceimed so accurately the quarters from which the winds would blow both fore and aft, or your getting your boat past the reefs in the hollows of Euboea, where any number of spits stick up in the sea? Since you tempt me to chap talk about pilotage, I would have you hear what I consider to have been my soundest exploit at that time. And to get rid of a thousand misfortunes which beset pilots owing to the roughness of tlie sea? However they persevered and promised to give me a purse of a thousand drachmas, if I would be their man and do what tliey wanted. They therefore went offy but I put sti'aight out to sea after doubling the promontory. I am of opinion that all the of Greek Greeks do the same. And I have heard that the slave merchants yonder do exactly the same ; for when they come to you with convoys of Carian slaves and are anxious to recommend their characters to you, they xnake it a great merit of the slaves that they do not steal. Nay more, your cleverest poets will not give you leave to be just and good, even if you want to. For here was Minos, Miuoa a man who exceeded all men in cruelty, and who enslaved with his navies the inhabitants of continent and islands alike, and yet they honour him by placing in liis liand a sceptre of justicte and give him a throne in Hades to be. Now I will presently explain what they toiisider this statue to be, and for what reason they drink from it. XXVI While they were still discussing this topic, a hubbub down below in the village struck their ears, for it seems the king had arrived equipped in the height uompouK of Median fashion and full of pomp. If it were PInmotes who was halting here, you would find a dead silence prevailing everywhere as if you were attending a mystery. Where is the king going to stay? Why, of cour. He says then that wdien tliey had sat down, the king extended his hand as if in prayer to the sages, and they nodded their assent as if they were conceding his request ; and he was transported with joy at the promise, just as if he had come to the oracle of a God. And qiiAK the earth. But the king said: You must judge more reasonably, O king, both about philosopliy and about Phraotes: And what have you gained, O king, by refusing to be a philosoj her? Why, the whole of virtue and the identification of myself with the Sun. If you were a philosopher, you would not entertain such fancies. And my welcome to you also, O king, ibr you appear to liave only just Wrivtd. The Egyptians accordingly wrote and congratulated him warmly on being left alone for four years in his tenure of this throne, but he begged them to cease reproaching the Indians for the T aiicity of their sages. Yes, a parallel one, for if yon chap. Have you, 0 king, any slaves? And the king by way of insult answered hfm: Your very question is worthy of a slave, never- theless I will answer it: And Apollonius answered: And for that aet of audacity, 0 king, he was punished as never yet was any other man. For he had to run away from those wdiom he imagined he had destroyed ; and when I contemplate the ambitions with which Xerxes set out on his campaign, l ean conceive that some were justified in exalting him and saying that he was Zeus ; but when 1 contemplate his flight, I arrive at the ijconviction that lie vras the most illstarred of men. For if he had fallen at the hands of the Hellenes, no one would have earned a brighter fame than he. For to whom would the FIcllenes have raised and dedicated a loftier tomb? What jousts of armed men, what contests of musicians would not have been instituted in honour of him? For if men like Melicertes and Palaemon and Pelo] s the Lydian immigrant, the former of whom died in childhood at the breast, while Pelops enslaved Arcadia and Argolis and the land witinn the Isthmus,— if these were commemor- ated by the Greeks as Gods, what would not CHAP. But at another time I will fill you full with Hellenic arguments,and no otlier race is so rich in them, and you will delight in them wdienever you come hither. Having then at daybreak offered his sacrifice, the king approached Apollonius and offered him the hospitality of his palace, declaring that he would send him back to Greece an object of envy to all. Of elements. And it is not illogical to suppose that it cleaves unto itself ; for as the move- ment of an animal is obtained by use of its hands and feet, and as there is a soul in it by which it is set in motion, so we must regard the parts of the uni- verse also as adapting themselves tlirongh its inherent soul to all creatures which are brought forth or conceived. For example, the suff'erings so often caused by drought are visited on us in accordance with the soul t f the universe, whenever justice has fallen into disrepute and is disowned by men ; and this animal shepherds itself not with a single hand only, but with many mysterious ones, whicjh it has at its disposal ; and though from its immense size it is controlled by no other, yet it moves obediently to the rein and is easily guided. And he praises the look and smile of larchas, and the inspired air with which he expressed his ideas, admitting that Apollo- nius, although he had a ch. If the land be conipared with the chap. Here one of tluc sages asked, why she said this, and she replied ; This child of mine is extremely good-looking, and therefore the devil is amorous of him and will not allow him to retain his reason, nor will he permit him to go to school, or to learn archery, nor even to remain at home, but drives him out into desert places. As for myself I weep over all this, and I tear my cheeks, and I rebuke my son so far as I well may ; but he does not know me. But he promised, if I would only not denounce him to your- selves, to endow the child with many noble blessiuga As for my. He CiiiAP, already thirty years old was a keen hunter of lions ; but a lion had sprung upon him and dislocated his hip so that he limped with otie leg. However wlieu they tnassaged with their hands his hip, the youth immediately recovered his upright gait. And a eex'tain woman had suffered in labour already seven paralytic times, but was healed in the following way through the intercession of her husband. XL And again a certain man who was a father said jhap. And Dainis says that he composed a work on the way to offer sacrifice to the sevei'al gods in a manner suitable axid pleasing to them. Hence the need of translation. XLII As to the subject of foreknowledge, they presently chap. This I regard as the gift of one thoroughly blessed and endowed with the same mysterious power as the Delphic Apollo. Now the ritual insists that those who visit a shrine with a view to obtaining a response, must purify themselves first, otherwise they will be told to depart from the temple. For I do not think that men without the forecasts of a prophetic wusdom would ever have ventured to mingle with medicines that save life these most deadly of poisons. And what have you heard about the make of this animal? What have I to tell you about animals or plants or fountains wliich you have seen yourself on eomizig here? For hj this time you are as competent to describe these to other people as I am ; but I never yet heard in this country of an animal that shoots arrows or of springs of golden water. XLVI Howkver about the stone which attracts and chap. Now in the night-time it glows like the day just as fire might, for it is red and gives out rays ; and if you look at it in the daytime it smites your eyes with a thousand glints and gleams. And the light within it is a s] irit of mysterious power, for it absorbs to itself everything in its neighbourhood. And why do I say in its neiglubourhood? The story of the Egyptians about it, that it comes to E. And this is also done by the swans according to the account of those who have the wit to hear them. L " In such conversations with the sag is Apollonius otiAP. But when he was minded to go on Ivis Bwimuais way, they persuaded him to send hack to Fhraotes with a letter his guide and the camels ; and they themselves gave him auotlier guide and camels, and sent him forth on his way, congratulating both them- selves and him. And having embraced Apollonius and declared that he would be esteemed a god by the many, not merely after his death, but while he was still alive, they tuxmed back to their place of meditation, though ever and anon they turned to- wards him, and showed by their action that they parted from him against their win. And as they went down they saw a great many ostriclxes, and many wild bulls, and many asses and lions and pards and tigers, and another kind of apes than those which inhabit the pepper trees, for these were black and bushy-haired and were dog-like in features and as big as small men. A] ollonius to larehas and the other sages greeting. Farewell, ye goodly phil osophers. L UlAP. They also mention a small island, of the name ofThoisic Biblus, in which there is the large cockle, and Where there are mussels and oysters and such like organisms, clinging to the rocks and ten times as big as those wliich we find in Greece. And there is also taken in this region a pearl in a white shell, wherein it occupies the place of the heart of the oyster. LIV And they say that they also touched at Pegadae in chap. But Oreitao they regard their land as full of gold because the bronze is of such high quality. But the Indians of Carman are a gentle race, who live on tlie edge of a sea so well stocked with fish, that they neibher lay them in by stores, nor salt them as is done in Pontus, but they just sell a few of them and throw back most they catcli panting into the sea. LVI They say that they also touched at Balara, which is chap. And there were kitchen gardens there, as well as flower gardens, all growing luxuriantly, and the liarbours tlierein were entirely calm. Now in this island there lived a Nereid, a dreadful female demon, which would snatch away many niariucrs and would not even allow ships to fasten a cable to the island. For on the side of the island which is turned towards the open sea, the bottom is of great depth, and produces an oy. The inhabitants watch for a calm day, or they themselves render the sea smooth, and this they do by flooding it with oil ; and tlien a man plunges in in oi'der to hunt the oyster in question, and he is in otlier respects ecpiipped like those who cut off the sponges from the rocks, but he carries in addition an oblong iron block and an alabaster case of myrrh. The Indian tlien halts alongside of the oyster and holds out the myrrh before him as a bait ; whereupon the oyster opens and drinks itself drunk upon the myrrh. Then it is pierced with a long pin and discharges a peculiar liquid called ichor, which the man catches in the iron block which is hollowed out in regular holes. The liquid so obtained petrifies in regular shapes, just like tlie natural pearl, which is a white blood furnished by the Red Sea. And they say that the Arabs also who live on the opposite coast devote themselves to catching these creatures. From this point on they found the entire sea full of wild Seals animals, and it was crowded with seals ; and the ships, they say, in order to keep off these animals, carry bells at tlie bow and at the stern, the sound of whicii frightens away these creatures and prevents them from approaching the ships. Apollonius marvelled at the symbolic con- struction of the same, and gave the ] nests nnudi instruction with regard to the ritual of the temple. He then sailed to Ionia, where he excited much admiration and no little esteem among all lovers of wisdom. Apollonius said: So at the risk of estrangiiag the Ephesians, he determined not to wink at such things, but cleared them out and made them odious to most of them. Ill His other discourses he delivered under the trees chap. What then is left for us to do, except to shut overselves up like birds that are being fed tip and fattened, and gorge ourselves in the dark until we literally burst with fat? And since they conducted themselves so foolishly in resjiect of the scourge, he thought that it was not necessary to do anything more for them, but began a tour of the rest of Ionia, regulating their several affairs, and from time to time recommending in his discourses whatever was salutary for his audienceKS. And he there read decree of the lonians, in which they besought him to take part in their solemn meeting ; and in it he met GreX with a name which had not at all an Ionian ring, for a certain Liicullus had signed the resolution. It is the pan- Jartbqmikos Ionian tup. O ye Gods, who are patrons of the lonians, may ye grant to this fair colony to enjoy safety at sea,? VIII And in his discussions, moreover, with the people chap. He accordingly told them that for a city to be rightty conducted by its inhabitants, you need a mixture of concord with party sjirit ; and as this utterance seemed inadmissible and hardly logical, Apollonius realising that most of them did not follow his argument, added: White and black can never be one and the. And let us consider my meaning to be somewhat as follows: Accordingly by way of reforming his audience he said: X Ho Hoot iho. Let us And Inrtliwith "he was in chap. He therefore called together the Ephesians, and said: Apollonius therefore ranged the Kplu'sians around liim and said: And as soon as some of them began to take shots and hit him wnth their stones, the beggar who had seemed to blink and be blind, gave them all a sudden glance and showed that his eyes were full of lire. Then the Ephesians recognised that he was a demon, and they stoned him so thoroughly that their stones were heajjed into a great cairn around him. After a little pause Apollonius bade them remove the stones and ac pmint themselves with the wild anitnal wliich they had slain. XII But Apollonius came about dawn to them and chap. Where is Antistlienes of Paros? And wduui Antistlienes answered that wuis thercc, he said: But as the company was many times too great for the ship, spying a larger ship,- — for there were many in the iieiglibourhood of the tomb of Ajax, — he said: Let us go on board this, for it is a good thing to get home safely with as many as may be. AeoliauSj wliich lies over against Lesbos, and then to turn as close as lie could to Methynina, and there to cast anelior. Share this article Share. 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Bing Site Web Enter search term: TV star films new documentary in Mexico Star celebrates with donuts for breakfast and a personalised doll Joel Edgerton holds hands with his fashionista girlfriend Christine Centenera as they go sightseeing in Dublin Ivanka reveals her seven-year-old daughter Arabella used the nanny's phone to ask Siri how many people her grandfather had saved from prison Victoria's Secret model Kelly Gale flashes underboob as she wears ANOTHER bikini to Coachella Jussie Smollett relaxes on Hawaii vacation with a suspicious looking cigarette as the texts sent by meddling Chicago prosecutor Kim Foxx to get his case dropped are revealed Coleen Rooney looks radiant as she joins sons Kai and Klay for a wholesome snap Prince travelling to Germany on May 6 - after remaining in the UK for the births of grandchildren Game Of Thrones star Nikolaj Coster-Waldau admits wife and children were 'uncomfortable' watchingincest scenes Jamie Foxx strikes a pose, sings and delivers spot-on celebrity impressions in his QVC debut, stealing the show as he sells his trendy, affordable sunglasses Beyonce's daughter Blue Ivy, 7, sings on Homecoming: The Live Album Cheryl looks glamorous in a cropped white jacket as she jets off on holiday with mum Joan Duchess 'wants US nanny to take care of Baby Sussex' says source Set to snub the royal traditional of hiring a Norland nanny Chrissy Teigen claps back at Twitter troll who called her 'chubby' and a 'fatty' Love Island star has been left 'shook up' after she was rushed to hospital for an allergic reaction to hair-dye Rihanna exudes style in sophisticated double denim look during night out in New York Lisa Rinna shares story of mother Lois surviving attack by killer Shared harrowing tale of assault EastEnders star Hetti Bywater shows off her toned figure in a black crop top and jeans for a slew of sizzling snaps The year-old actress-turned-model wowed Vicky Pattison puts on a busty display in plunging striped swimsuit Chucky is unveiled from popular horror doll franchise Endgame directors Anthony and Joe Russo pen a note urging fans to not spoil the movie's ending after leak Kylie Jenner shows off almost a dozen new pairs of luxury shoes Today's headlines Most Read Dame Emma jets 5, miles to show how green she is! 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I am of opinion that all the of Greek Greeks do the same. And I have heard that the slave merchants yonder do exactly the same ; for when they come to you with convoys of Carian slaves and are anxious to recommend their characters to you, they xnake it a great merit of the slaves that they do not steal.

Nay more, your cleverest poets will not give you leave to be just and good, even if you want to. For here was Minos, Miuoa Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx man who exceeded all men in cruelty, and who enslaved with his navies the inhabitants of continent and islands alike, and yet they honour him by placing in liis liand a sceptre of justicte and give him a throne in Hades to be.

Now I will presently explain what they toiisider this statue to be, and for what reason they drink from it.

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XXVI While they were still discussing this topic, a hubbub down below in the village struck their ears, for it seems the king had arrived equipped in the height uompouK of Median fashion and full of pomp. If it were PInmotes who was halting here, you Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx find a dead Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx prevailing everywhere as if you were attending a mystery. Where is the king going to stay? Why, of cour. He says then that wdien tliey had sat down, the king extended his hand as if in prayer to the sages, and they nodded their assent as if they were conceding his request ; and he was transported with joy at the promise, just as if he had come to the oracle of a God.

And qiiAK the earth. But the king said: You must judge more reasonably, O king, both about philosopliy and about Phraotes: And what have you gained, O king, by refusing to be a philosoj her? Why, the whole of virtue and the identification of myself with the Sun. If you were a philosopher, you would not entertain such fancies. And my welcome to you also, O king, ibr you appear to liave only just Wrivtd.

The Egyptians accordingly wrote and congratulated him warmly on being left alone for four years in his tenure of this throne, but he begged them to cease reproaching the Indians for the T aiicity of their sages.

Yes, a parallel one, for Tenn girls porno yon chap. Have you, 0 king, any slaves? And the king by way of insult answered hfm: Your very question is worthy of a slave, never- theless I will answer it: And Apollonius answered: And for that aet of audacity, 0 king, he was punished as never yet was any other man.

For he had to run away from those wdiom he imagined he had destroyed ; and when I contemplate the ambitions with which Xerxes set out on his campaign, l ean conceive that some were justified in exalting him and saying that he was Zeus ; but when 1 contemplate his flight, I arrive at the ijconviction that lie vras the most illstarred of men.

For Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx he had fallen at the hands of the Hellenes, no one would have earned a brighter fame than he. For to whom would the FIcllenes have raised and dedicated a loftier tomb? What jousts of armed men, what contests of musicians would not have been instituted in honour of him? For if men like Melicertes and Palaemon and Pelo] s the Lydian immigrant, the former of whom died in childhood at the breast, while Pelops enslaved Arcadia and Argolis and the land witinn the Isthmus,— if these were commemor- ated by the Greeks as Gods, what would not CHAP.

But at another time I will fill you full with Hellenic arguments,and no otlier race is so rich in them, and you will delight in them wdienever you come hither. Having then at daybreak offered his sacrifice, the king approached Apollonius and offered him the hospitality Threesome darla crane and emma starr his palace, declaring that he would send him back to Greece an object of envy to all.

Of elements. And it is not illogical to suppose that it cleaves unto itself ; for as the move- ment of an animal is obtained by use of its hands and feet, and as there is a soul in it by which it is set in motion, so we must regard the parts of the uni- verse also as adapting themselves tlirongh its inherent soul to all creatures which are brought forth or conceived.

For example, the suff'erings so often caused by drought are visited on us in accordance with the soul t f the universe, whenever justice has fallen into disrepute and is disowned by read more ; and this animal shepherds itself not with a single hand only, but with many mysterious ones, whicjh it has at its disposal ; and though from its immense size it is controlled by no other, yet it moves obediently to the rein and is easily guided.

And he praises the look and smile of larchas, and the inspired air with which he expressed his ideas, admitting that Apollo- nius, although he had a ch. If the land be conipared with the chap. Here one of tluc sages asked, why she said this, and she replied ; This child of mine is extremely good-looking, and therefore the devil is amorous of him and will not allow him to retain his reason, nor will he permit him to go to school, or to learn archery, nor even to remain at home, but drives him out into desert places.

As for Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx I weep over all this, and I tear my cheeks, and I rebuke my son so far as I well may ; but he does not know me.

But he promised, if I would only not denounce him to your- selves, to endow the child with many noble blessiuga As for my. He CiiiAP, already thirty years old was a keen hunter of lions ; but a lion had sprung upon him and dislocated his hip so that he limped with otie leg. However wlieu they tnassaged with their hands his hip, the youth immediately recovered his upright gait. And a eex'tain woman had suffered in labour already seven paralytic times, but was healed in the following way through the intercession of her husband.

XL And again a certain man who was a father said jhap. And Dainis says that he composed a work on the way to offer sacrifice to the sevei'al gods in a Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx suitable axid pleasing to them.

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Hence the need of translation. XLII As to the subject of foreknowledge, they presently chap. This I regard as the gift Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx one thoroughly blessed and endowed with the same Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx power as the Delphic Apollo. Now the ritual insists that those who visit a shrine with a view to obtaining a response, must purify themselves first, otherwise Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx will be told to depart from the temple.

For I do not think that men without the forecasts of a prophetic wusdom would ever have ventured to mingle with medicines that save life these most deadly of poisons. And what have you heard about the make of this animal? What have I to tell you about animals or plants or fountains wliich you have seen yourself on eomizig here?

For hj this time you are as competent to describe these to other people as I am ; but I never yet heard in this country of an animal that shoots arrows or of springs of golden Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx. XLVI Howkver about the stone which attracts and chap. Now in the night-time it glows like the day just as fire might, for it is red and gives out rays ; and if you look at it in the daytime it smites your eyes with a thousand glints and gleams.

And the light within it is a s] irit of mysterious power, for it absorbs to itself everything in its neighbourhood. Bing Site Web Enter search term: TV star films new documentary in Mexico Star celebrates with donuts for breakfast and a personalised doll Joel Edgerton holds hands with his fashionista girlfriend Christine Centenera as they go sightseeing in Dublin Ivanka reveals her seven-year-old daughter Arabella used the nanny's phone to ask Siri how many people her grandfather had saved from prison Victoria's Secret model Kelly Gale flashes underboob as she wears ANOTHER bikini to Coachella Jussie Smollett relaxes on Hawaii vacation with a suspicious looking cigarette as the texts sent by meddling Chicago prosecutor Kim Foxx to get his case dropped are revealed Coleen Rooney looks radiant as she joins sons Kai and Klay for a wholesome snap Prince travelling to Germany on May 6 - after remaining in the UK for the births of grandchildren Game Of Thrones star Nikolaj Link admits wife and children were 'uncomfortable' watchingincest Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx Jamie Foxx strikes a pose, sings and delivers spot-on celebrity impressions in his QVC debut, stealing the show as he sells his trendy, affordable sunglasses Beyonce's daughter Blue Ivy, 7, sings on Homecoming: The Live Album Cheryl looks glamorous in a cropped white jacket as she jets off on holiday with mum Joan Duchess 'wants US nanny to click here care of Baby Sussex' says source Set to snub the royal traditional of hiring a Norland nanny Chrissy Teigen claps back at Twitter troll who called her 'chubby' and a 'fatty' Love Island star this web page been left 'shook up' after she was rushed to hospital for an allergic reaction to link Rihanna exudes style in sophisticated double denim look during night out in New York Lisa Rinna shares story of mother Lois surviving attack by killer Shared harrowing tale of assault EastEnders star Hetti Bywater shows off her toned figure in a black crop top and jeans for a slew of sizzling snaps The year-old actress-turned-model wowed Vicky Pattison puts on a busty display in plunging striped swimsuit Chucky is unveiled from popular horror doll franchise Endgame directors Anthony and Joe Russo pen a note urging fans to not spoil the movie's ending after leak Kylie Jenner shows off almost a dozen new Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx of luxury shoes Today's headlines Most Read Dame Emma jets 5, miles to show how green she is!

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Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Books by Language. CALL No. K, CAtiK, M. SE, Litt. It-No JMh It is to be hoped therefore tliat the present translation will be acceptable to the English reading public; for there is in it much that is very good readings and it is lightly written.

Of its author, Philostratus, we do not know much ajiart from his own works, from which we may gather that he was burn in the island of Lemnos about the year of our era, that he went to Athens as a young man to study rhetoric, and later on to Home.

Here lie actpiired a reputation a. He also u. Philostratus als] os. It has been argued Ihal the work of Damis never really existed, and that lie was a mere man of straw invented by Philostralus. But it seenis unnecessarily sceptical. The story of the life of Apollonius as narrated by Philostratus is briefly as follows. Like other votaries i f the Neo- Pythagorean pliilosopliy or di. Before long he set himself up as a reformer, aiid betaking himself to the town of Aegae, he took up his abode in tine temple of Aesculapius, where lie rapidly acquired such a reputation fijr sanctity that sick people flocked to him asking him to heal them.

On attaining his majority, at the death of his father and mother, he gave up the greater part of his patrimony to his elder brother, and what n as left to his poor relations. The many miracdes which were recorded of Ajxdlonius, and in partic'ular his eminent power over.

Mis work gave great offence to the missionaries of the Christiat religion, and Eusebius the Christian liistoriati wrote a treatise in answer, in which he alleges that Apollonius was a mere charlatan, and if a magician at all, then one of very inferior powers ; he also argues that if he did achieve any remarkable results, it waS thanks to the evil spirits with whom he was in league.

This stoiy however in no way contradicts the statement of Eusebius, and it is a pity tliat this. We read that wherever Apollonius travelled, he visited the temples, and undertook to reform the cults which he there found in vogue. In the third century Porphyry the philosopher and enemy of Christianity was as zealous in his con- demnation of blood-offerings, as Apollonius had been in the first.

There is no good reason for doubting its authenticity, and it is an apt summary of his religious belief: For He needs nothing even from beings higlier than ourselves.

Kayser, issned by B. For that he would not stain the altars with blood ; nay, rather the honey-cake and frankincense and the hymn of praise, these they say were the offerings made to the Gods hy tins man, who realised timt they welcome such tribute more than they more info the hecatombs and the knife laid upon the sacrificial basket.

For they say that he had of a cerbiinty social intercourse with the gods, and learnt from them the conditions tmder which they take pleasure in men or are disgusted, and on this intercourse he based his account of nature.

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For he said that, whereas other men only make con- jectures about the divinity and make guesses that 3 OUAP. And tlxe followers of Pythagoras accepted as law any decisions laid down by him, and honoured him as an eniissaiy from Zeus, but imposed, out of respect for their divine character, a ritual silence on theixiselves.

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For erewhile, I already became both girl and boy. And there is ixxuch else that they tell of those sages who observe the mile of Pytliagoi'as ; but I must not now enter upon such points, but hurry on to the work which I have set myself to complete. II CAP. Ill Lueee was a man, Damis, by no means stupid, chap. And pHAP. And a ceii: Now I belonged to the circle of the empress, for she was a devoted admirer of all rhetorical exercises ; and she commanded me to recast and edit these essays, at Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx same time paying more attention to the style and diction of them ; for the man of Nine- veh had told his story clearly enough, yet somewhat awkwardly.

For Uvssuredly tliey will here learn things of which as yet they are ignorant. His father was of the same name, and the family was ancient and directly descended from the first settlers. She was in article source way frightened, but asked him what sort of child she would bear.

And he answered ; Myself.

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V Now he is. She then leaped up at the sound of then song and bore her cliild, for any 13 CHAP. But the people of the country say that just at the moment of the birth, a thunderbolt seemed about to ms birth fall to earth and then rose up into the air and dis- appeared aloft; and the gods thereby indicated, I think, the great distinction to which the sage was to attain, and hinted in advance how he should transcend all things upon earth and approach the gods, and signified all the things that he article source achieve.

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Sex help Watch Disciplined cute student pussy toyed Video Pornhub pic. Then he said: But after the sacrifice was over he approached and said: The goal of my voyage is India, but I had no intention of passing you by; for I heard that you were such a man as from a slight acquaintance I already perceive you to be, and was desirous also of examining the wisdom 'which is indigenous among you and i. And the very fashion of letting my hair grow long, I have learnt from P3i;hagoras as pai-t of his discipline, and also it is a result of his wisdom that I keep myself pure from animal food. I cannot therefore become either for you or for anybody else a companion in drinking or an associate in idleness and luxury ; but if you have problems of conduct that arc difficult and hard to settle, I will furnish you with solutions, for I not only know matters of practice and duty, but I even know them beforehand. Let me therefore be entertained by some private person who has the same means as myself, and I will visit with you as often as you like. But before he had finished dinner one of the eunuchs who carry messages presented himself and addressed him thus: But Damis says that he expected him to ask for nothings because he had studied his character and knew that he offered to the gods the following prayer: But at eventide: For you will perliaps ask for nothing at all, but you should be careful and be on your guard lest you should seem to decline any gift the king may offer, as they say, out of jnere empty pride, for you see the land tliat you are in and that we are wholly in his power. But, O Damis, are you not going to give me some examples? Moreover they tell of how Fhidoxus of Cnidus once arrived in Egyj t and botli admitted that he had come there in quest of money, and conversed with the king about the matter. And so a man must fortify himself and under- stand that a wise man who yields to laziness or anger or passion, or love of drink, or who commits any other action prompted by impulse and inopportune, will probably find his fault condoned ; but if he stoops to greed, he will not he pardoned, but I'ender himself odious as a combination of all vices at once. But you perhaps imagine that it is a lesser thing to go wrong in Babylon than to go wrong at Athens or at the Olympian or Pythian games ; and you do not reflect that a wise man finds Hellas everywhere, and that a sage will not regard or consider any place to be a desert or barbarous. But the sage caught him up and said: I will come as soon as I xxxv have duly discharged my religious duties. And when he had come within, tho the king said: I will not, O king, decline all your gifts ; but there is one which I ] refer to many tens of gifts, and for that I will most eagerly solicit. The guards of the harem were now dragging him along by the hair in the way they do royal slaves. Nay, but it is disgraceful, gentlemen, that, in the presence of Apollonius, wc should be enlarging on the subject of ciiastity rather tlian he. For if he lives with this disease of impotence on him, and can never take pleasure in eating or drinking, nor in the spectacles which delight you and your companions, and if his heart will throb as he often leaps up in his sleep, as they say is particularly the case of peoi le in love, — is there any form of consumption so wasting as this, any foiun of hunger so likely to enfeeble liis bowels? Indeed, unless he be one of those who are ready to live at any price, he will entreat you, 0 king, before long even to slay him, or he will slay himself, deeply deploring that lie was not put to death straight away this very day. The king sexit blie embassy aside, and said: O Apollonius, these villages were given to my forefathers by the kings wliom I mentioned, that they might sustain the wild animals, which are taken by us in our country and sent to theirs across the Euphrates, and they, as if they had forgotten this fact, have espoused a policy that is new and unjust. What then do you think are the intentions of the embassy? Their intention, 0 king, is moderate and fair, seeing that they only desire to obtain from you, with your consent, places which, as they are in their territory, they can equally well retain without it. And when the king was ill he visited him, and discoursed so weightily and in such a lofty strain about the soul, that the king recovered, and said to his courtiers, that Apollonius had so wrought upon him that he now felt a contempt, not only for his kingdom but also for death. Apollonius in answer belittled the wonder of the work, and said: This, for you, O king, represents wealth, but to me it is mere chaff. Come, let us start for India, m I ndia. Now it has not yet all of it expired, for we have so far only spent a year and four months ; however, if we can depart at once, it would be as well. O excellent king, I have in no way rejnunerated my host and I owe a reward to the Magi ; do you therefore attend to them, and oblige me by bestowing your favours on men who are both wise and wholly devoted to yourself. And when they too declined the offer, Apollonius said: You see, O king, how many hands I have, and how closely they resemble one another. A graceful gift, O king, for if I am turned into a wiser man by the society of people yonder, I shall return to you here a better man than I now am. The country through which they travelled was fertile ; and the villages received them veiy respectfully, for the leading camel bore upon his forehead a chain of gold, to intimate to all who met them that the king was sending on their: And as they approached the Caucasus they say that they found the land becoming more fragrant. II We may regard this mountain as the beginning of chap. As to tlie statement made about such part of the Taurus as is in our own country, to the effect that it projects beyond Armenia, — it was long disbelieved, but has received definite confirmation from the conduct of the pards, Ouioupards Mdhch I know are caught in the spice-bearing region of Pamphjdia, For these animals delight in fragrant odours, and scenting their smell from afar off they quit Armenia and traverse the mountains in search of the tear or gum of the Styrax, "whenever the winds blow from its quarter and the trees are distilling. And they say that a pard was once caught in Painphylia which was wearing a chain rouTid its neck, and the chain was of gold, and on it was inscribed in Armenian lettering: The king Anuoniati Arsaces to the Nysian god. IV CAP. And some say that he wa. But the inhabitants of the Caucasus regard the eagle as a hostile bird, and burn out the nests which they build among the rocks by hurling into them fiery darts, and they also set snares for them, declai'ing that they are avenging Prometheus ; to such an extent are their imaginations dominated by the fable. V CAP. For they were cniAP. And Apollonius realised what it was, and himself heaped abuse on the hob- goblin and instructed his painty to do the same, saying that this was the light remedy for such a visitation. On the i lain. For yesterdfiy we were travelling through the valley below, while to-day we are close up to heaven. And my question which I asked you to begin with was a fair one, although you thought that I asked it in order to make fun of you. VI CAP. Vll Anp as they were taking' breakfast by a spring of chap. But you will not, I am sure, refuse this as you do wine that is made from the fruit of the vine. And what would you thiiik of me, if you could persuade me of such tilings? But how can one who has dishonoured and cast awviy pliilosophy, ever recover her? And in this case Dionysus might well jiardon one who refuses all wine whatever, but if I chose date-wine in jirefcrence to that made of grapes, he would be aggrieved, I am sure, and say that his gift had been scorned and floiited. Moreover, dumkenness, Damis, invades men not from drinking the wine of grapes alone, for they are ecpially roused to frenzy by date-wine. And that you yourself regard this drink as genuine wine, is clear from the fact that , you poured out a libation of it to Zeus and offered up the prayers which usually accompany wine. And the image resembled a youthful Indian, and was carved out of polished white stone. And when Dionysus celebrates his orgies and shaLes Nysa, the cities underneath the mountain hear the noise and exult in sympathy. IX Now the Hellenes disagree with the Indians, and chap. And it is a disc of Indian silver bearing the inscription: IX CAP. X iic TO jovv T? Thebes ; and that it was there that Alexander held his orgies. But the inhabitants of Nysa deny that Alex- ander ever went up the mountain, although he was eager to do so, being an ambitious person and fond of old-woi'ld things ; but he was afraid lest his Mace- donians, if they got iiinong vines, which they had not seen for a long time, would fall into a fit of home- sickness or recover their taste for wine, after they had already become accustomed to water only. So they say he passed by Nysa, making his vow to Dionysus, and sacrificing at tlie foot of the inountahi. X Damis says that he did not see the rock called the chap. And this is the reason why the rock was called and actually is Birdless. And when they wondered at the sight, Apollonius said: Dainis, and what is the business of a good horseman? For I see nothing else upon the animal except the boy. But of a niglit the elephant i. Such control, O Damis, Jias he over himself, and it is his instinctive obedience which actuates him rather than the man who sits upon him and directs him. And the ludiau ele] haiits are as much bigger, than those of Libya, as these are bigger than the horses of Nisa. And other authorities have dwelt on the age of the animals, and say tliat they are very long-lived ; but our party too say that they came The on an elephant near Taxila, the greatest city in India, wdio was anointed with myrrh by the natives and Tuxiia adorned with fillets. For, they, said, this elephant was one of those who fought on the side of Porus against Alexander; and, as it had made a brave light, Alexander dedicated it to the Sun. And it bad, they say, gold rings around its tusks or horns, whichever you call them, and an inscription was on them written in Clreek, as follows: Alexander the son of Zeus dedicates Ajax to the Sun. And the natives reckoned that years had elapsed since the battle, without taking into account how old the elephant was when he went into battle. For nature implants these tusks in tlieir jaws for the sake of defence. And moreover, a circular ridge is formed year by year at the base of the, horns, as we see in the case of goats and sheep and oxen ; but a tusk grows out quite smooth, and unless something breaks it, it always remains so, for it consists of a material and sub- stance a,s hard as stone. If I may also describe the characters of these elephants ; those which come from the marshes, and are taken there, are considered to be stupid and idle by the Indians ; but those which come from tlie mountains they regard a. Said A] ononius: No one, O Daniis, has instructed them to do this, but tiiey act of their own instinctive wisdom and cleverne. XIV Affection uf olepluxiitH for tlioir youiii? And I also equally have in mind the panther, which, from the warmth of its temperament, delights to become a mother, for that is the time when it is determined to rule the male and be mistress of the household ; and the male puts up with anything and everything from her, subordinating everything 'to the welfare of the offspring. And they say the tigress, although she is the cruellest. And who does not know the ways of birds, bow that the eagles and tlie cranes will not build their nests until they have fixed in them, the one an eagle-stone, and the other a. And if we look at creatures in the sea, we need not wonder at the dolphins loving their m CHAP. And a vijier has been seen licking the serpents whicli it had borne, and caressing them with her tongue, which she shoots out for the jnirpose. But w: But tell me this: But surely they ought to travel in the op] osite fashion, and make tlje biggest ones a wall and ram] art in front of themselves. But the fact that the smallest is able to get across is a sign in itself to the rest that there is no difficulty. And when the Indian received the letter, he declared that , he was highly honoured, and would interest himself in i! And moreover I kxiow that God has set tlie Efliiopian and the Indian at the two extremes or horns of the entire earth, making black the latter who dwell where the sun rises no less than the former who dwell where it sets ; now how should this be the case of the inhabitants, unless they en- joyed summer heat during the winter? But where the sun warms the earth all through the year, how can one suppose that it ever snows? And they also say that they learned from the Indians that the king was in the habit of coming to this river when it rose in the appropriate seasons, and would sacrifice to the river bulls and black horses ; for white is less esteemed by the Indians than black, because, I imagine, the latter is their own colour ; and when he has sacrificed, they say that he plunges into the river a measure of gold made to resemble that which is used in measuring wheat. XX And after they had crossed the idver, they were chap conducted by the satrap's guide direct to Taxila, where the Indian had his royal palace. And they say that on this. And Apollonius says that he was delighted Bysaus with the byssus, because i. And the byssus is imported into Egypt from India for many sacred uses. Taxila, they tell us, is about as big as Nineveh, and was fortified Oroek fairly well after the manner of rreek cities ; and here was the royal residence of the personage who then Taxila ruled the empire of Porus. And they saw a Temple, they say, in front of the wall, which was not far short of feet in size, made of porphyry, and there was constructed within it a shrine, somewhat small as compared with the great size of the Temple which is also surrounded with columns, and deserving of notice. And the metals were blended in the design, melted in like so many colours ; and the character of the picture was also pleasing in itself, for Porus dedicated these designs after the death of the Macedonian, who is depicted in then: And it is said that Porus was grieved at the death of Alexander, and that he lamented him as a generous and good prince ; and as long as Alexander was alive after his departure from India, he never used the royal diction and style, although he had license to do so, nor issued kingly edicts to the Indians, but figured himself as a satrap full of moderation, and guided in every action by the wisli to please Alexander. XXI My argument does not allow me to pass over chap the accounts written of this Poms. If the temper of my subjects is such that I cannot save myself without allies, then for me it is better not to be king. Nay, I shall cany him, if I prove myself the same man I used to be. It ill befits those who have anns to resort to imprecation. For by shewing myself to be such a maii as Alexander found me, I both lost and won everything in one day. O Damis, is there such a thing as painting? Are we not to regard them as works of imitation? Then, Damis, God is' a painter, and has left his winged chariot, upon which he travels, as he disposes of affairs human and divine, and he sits down on these occasions to amuse himself by drawing these pictures, as children make figures in the sand. But Apollonius, on his side, had no wish to humiliate him, for he was not unfeeling in his refutations of people, and said: But I am sure, Damis, you did not mean that ; rather tliat these figures flit through the heaven not only without meaning, but, so far as providence is concerned, by mere chance ; while we who by nature are prone to imitation rearrange and create them in these regular figures. And the same would appear to be true of plastic art. But, methinks, you would not confine painting itself to the mere use of colours, for a single colour was often found sufficient for this purpose by our older j ainters ; and as the art advanced, it employed four, and later, yet more ; but we must also concede the name of a painting to an outline drawn without any colour at all, and composed merely of shadow and light. For in such designs we see a re. But on the walls of the Temple there were luSiindGr red stones, and gold glittered underneath, and gave off a sheen as blight as sunlight. But the statue wa. Robertson Smith, Eeligion of the Semites f , p. Kal Trapacrr'rjcrdp. And when a satrap, for the great esteem in which he held the monarch, desired to bind on his brow a golden mitre adorned with various stones, he said: But my own meal consists ot vegetables and of the pith and fruit of date palms, and of all that a well-watered garden yields in the way of fruit. And a great deal of fruit is yielded to me by the trees which I cultivate with these hands. Then he took Apollonius by the hand, and ] laving bidden the interpreter to depart, he said: But Apollonius was surprised, Apollonius and remarked: Why did you not converse with me thus, from the beginning? But tliat I am quite competent in the Greek speech I will show you amply. Upon it laurels are strewn, and other branches which are similar to the myrtle, but yield to the Indiairs their balm. Upon it are served up fish and birds, and there are also laid upon it wiiole lions and gazelles and swine and the loins of tigers ; for they decline to eat the other parts of this animal, because they say that, as soon as it is born, it lifts up its front paws to the rising Sun. For the archer, before he let fly, went round the banqueters and showed them the point of his weapon, and let them try the missile themselves. Such are their forms of entertainment in their banquets, and they aim straight, even when they are drunk. And the reason is this: And by pure I mean, firstly, in resjiect of his parentage, that no disgraceful deed can be proved against either his father or his mother ; next that their imrents in turn, up to the third generation, are equally pure, that there was no ruffian among them, no debauchee, nor any unjust usurer. And when no scar or reproach can be proved against them, nor any other stain whatever, then it is time narrowly to inspect the young man himself and test him, to see firstly, whetlier he has a good memory, and secondly, whether he is modest and reserved in disposition, and does not merely jiretend to be so, whether he is addicted to drink, or greedy, or a quack, or a buffoon, or rash, or abusive, to see whether he is obedient to his father, to his mother, to his teachers, to his school-masters, and above all, if he makes no bad use of his personal attractions. For whenever an Indian dies, there visits his house a particular authority charged. But the particulars of. For in many cases a man's eyes reveal the secrets of his character, and in many cases there is material for forming a judgment and appraising his value in his eyebrows and cheeks, for from these features the dispositions of people can be detected by wise and scientific men. For '-eciug liial pliilosopliy is highly esteemed in this counliy. XXXI My grandfather was king, and had the same name chap. But they did not carry on the king's government honestly on his behalf. No, by the Sun, but so unfairly that their subjects found their regime oppressive and the government fell into bad repute. And he has more subjects than I have, and his country is much more fertile than this one. The king ho'wever being anxious, to restore liim to his fathers kingdom, my father sfiid: If you see that I am become a genuine philosopher, then restore me ; but if not, let me remain as I am. Now seven years fdterwards the king fell sick, and at the very moment wdien he was dying, he scut for my hither, and ai: But, alas, my good uncle had already taken away the villages, and didn't even leave throne' me the few acres my father had acquired ; for he said that the whole of them belonged to his kingdom, and that I should get more than I deserved if he spared my life. I cannot but think that some god set me on reading this drama at the moment, and I followed the omen; and having crossed the river I learnt that one of the usurpers of the kingdom was dead, and that the other was besieged in this very 2 alace. And when I ap2: But the drone that was within they walled up, although I protested against his being 2mt to such a death. Apollonius inteiTupted and said: You have chap. But tell me this about i] c. Thence it is clear that it was not the Theban Hercules, but the Egyptian one, that came to Gadira, and fixed the limits of the world. For it is yourself I suppose that they honour with their pipes. For unless the mind is thoroughly composed, the eyes will not admit of sleep either. For note how madmen are not able to go to sleep because their mind leaps with excitement, and their thoughts run coursing hither and thither, so that their glances are full of fury and morbid impulse, like those of the dragons who never sleep. All, I tell you, who try to go to sleep when in drink seem to themselves to be rushed up on to the roof, and then to be dashed down to the ground, and to fall into a whirl, as they say ha2: Now these, O king, are the affections of a madman. But those who chunk water, as I do, see things as they really are, and they do not record in fancy things that are not ; and they were never found to be giddy, nor full of drowsiness, or of silliness, nor unduly elated; but they are wide awake and thoroughly rational, and always the same, whether late in the evening or early in the morning when the market is crowded ; for these men never nod, even though they pursue their studies far into the night. For sleep does not drive them forth, pressing down like a slave-holder upon their necks, that are bowed down by the wine ; but you find them free and erect, and they go to bed with a clear, i iire soul and welcome sleep, and are neither buoyed up by the bubbles of their own private luck, nor scared out of their wits by any adversity. For the soul meets both alternatives with equal calm, if it be sober and not overcome by either feeling ; and that is why it can sleep a delightful sleep untouched by the sorrows which startle others from their couches. F jr if it was at dawn and in the sleep of morning- tide, they calculate its meaning on the assumption that the soul is then in a condition to divine soundly and healthily, because by then it has cleansed itself of the stains of wine. But if the vision was seen in the first sleep or at midnight, when the soul is still immersed in the lees of wine and muddied thereby, they decline to make any suggestions, if they are wise. And that the gods also are of this opinion, and that they commit the faculty of oracular resi onse to souls which are sober, I will clearly show. There was, O king, a seer among the Greeks called Am- j hiaraus. And I could mention many oracles, held in repute by Greeks and barbarians alike, where the priest utters his responses from the tripod after imbibing water and not wine. So you may consider me also as a lit vehicle of the god, O king, along with all who drink water. For we are rapt by the nymphs and are bacchantie revellers in sobriety. For in the case of a king a philosophy that is at once moderate and indulgent makes a good mixture, as is seen in your own case ; but an excess of rigour and severity would seem vulgar, O king, and beneath your august station ; and it might be construed by the envious as due to pride. N they had thus conversed, for by this time it chap. And Apollonius, understanding that the king had to give audience to embassies and such -like, said: It seems then to me, O king, right to weigh these men in the balance, as it were, and to examine their respective lives ; for I cannot believe that the gods would deprive the one even of his land, unless he was a bad man, or that they would, on the other hand, bestow on the other even what was under the land, unless he was better than the man who sold it. Accordingly, the opinion of Apollonius prevailed, and the better of tlie two men quitted the court as one on whom the gods liad bestowed this boon. JG aura? I assure you, the true con- dition of the camels has not been acknowledged to you ; for they are in such an evil state that we could carry them rather than they us, and we must have others. But I have a herd of camels on the Indus, all of them white. And Apollonius said that he had enough gold already, because Vardan had given it to the guide on the sly ; but that lie would accept the linen robes, because they were like the cloaks worn by tlie ancient and genuine inhabitants of Attica. And he took up one of the stones and said: O rare stone, msgift how opportunely have I found you, and how jiro- videntially! Neither would the companions of Damis accept for themselves the gold ; neverthe- less they took good handfuls of the gems, in order to dedicate them to the gods, whenever they should regain their own country. XLI So they remained the next day as well, for the chap. Indian would not let them go, and he gave them a letter for larchas, written in the following terms: And let him also see the throne, on wdiieh 1 sat, when you. Father larchas, bestowed on me the kingdom. And his followers too deserve commendation for their devotion to sucli a master. Farewell to yourself and 3 mur companions. And at a short distance from one another there are said to liave been built two gates, carrying the one a statue of Porus, and the other one of Alexander, of both, as I imagine, reconciled to one another after the battle; for the one is in the attitude of one man greeting another, and tlie other of one doing homage. Now they say that the grove in the neighbourhood of the river is dedicated to this goddess, as also the fishes called peacock fish which are bred in this river alone, and which have been given the same name as the bird, because their fins CHAP. There is also a creature in this iiver which resembles a white worm. By melting this down they make an oil, and from this oil, it appears, there is given off a flame such that nothing but glass can contain it. And this creature may be caught by the king alone who utilises it for the capture of cities ; for as soon as the fat in question touches the battlements, a fire is kindled which defies all the ordinary means devised by men against combustibles. II And they say that wild asses are also to be chap. Accordingly, this goblet is reserved for kings, and the king alone may indulge in the chase of this creature. And Apollonius says that he saw this animal, and admired its natural features ; but when Dami. IV They say that from this point they crossed the chap. Nor did they neglect to record the look aitd appearance of tliis tree, and I will repeat exactly their account of it. The inhabitants of the country, however, are not disposed to allow this, because they regard these animals as their benefactors, and so make war against the litms in behalf of them. For this is the way they go to work in collecting the pe]; per ; the. Indians go up to the lower trees and pluck off the fruit, and they make little rouiul shallow pits around the trees, into which they collect the pepper, carelessly tossing it in, as if it had no value and was of tio seinous use to mankind. V After crossing the top of the mountain, they say chap. But they say that this soil is the best in India, and constitutes the greatest of the territorial divisions of that country, extending in length towards the Ganges a jommey of fifteen days and of eighteen from the sea to the mountain of the apes along which it skirts. The whole soil of the plain is blade and fei'tile of everything ; for jtju can see on it standing corn as high as reeds, and yon can also see beans three times as large as the Egyptian kind, as well as sesame and millet of enormous siize. And they say that nuts also grow there, of which many are treasured up in our temples here as objects of curiosity. They also say that they came, upon a tree there resembling the laurel, upon which there grew a cup or husk resembling a very large pomegranate ; and inside the cup there was a kernel as blue as the cups of the hyacinth, but sweeter to the taste than any of the fruits the seasons bring. For it is utterly absurd for those who are amateurs of hare-hunting to spin yarns about the hare, as to how it is caught or ought to be caught, and yet that we should omit to describe a chase as bold as it is wonderful, and in which the sage was careful to assist ; so 1 have written the following accK unt of it: The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size ; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without oiui. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads, but in this respect resemble the she-dragons. VII And the dragons along the foothills and the chap. These actually have a chap. This kind also have beards, and lift their necks on high, while their scales glitter like silver ; Their eyos and the pupils of their eyes consist of a fiery stone, and they say that this has an uncanny power for goiuH many secret purposes. In most respects they resemble the largest swine, but they are slighter in build and flexible, and they have teeth as sharp and indestruct- ible as those of the largest fishes. VIII Now the dragons of the mountains have scales of chap a golden colour, and in length excel those of plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of catching a golden hue ; and their eyebrows are more prominent than those of the plain, and their eye is sunk deep of spells under the eyebrow, and emits a tei-rible and ruthless glance. And they give off a noise like the clashing of brass whenever they are burrowing under the earth, and from their crests, which are all fiery red, there flashes a fire brighter than a torch. They embroider golden runes on a scarlet chap cloak, which they lay in front of the animafs burrow after charming them to sleep with the runes ; for this is the only way to overcome the eyes of the dragon, which are otherwise inflexible, and much mysteri- ous lore is sung by them to overcome him. These runes induce the dragon to stretch his neck out of his burrow and fall asleep over them: And they say that in the heads of the mountain dragons there are stored away stones of flowery colour, which flash out all kinds of hues, and possess a mystical powder if set in a ring, like that which they say belonged to Gyges, But often the Indian, in spite of his axe and his cunning, is caught by the dragon, who carries him off into his burrow, and almost shakes the mountains as he disappears. These are also said to inhabit the mountains in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, and they say that they heard them hissing terribly and that they saw them go down to the shore and swim far out into the sea. It was impossible however to ascertain the number of years that this creature lives, nor would my statements be believed. This is all I know about dragons. IX They tell us that the city under the mountain is chap of great size and is called Parax, and that in the centre of it are stored up a great many heads of dragons, for the Indians who inhabit it are trained from their boyhood in this form of sport. X C'Ap. And as they advanced they thought they heard the pipe of some shepherd marshalling his flock, but it turned out to be a man looking after a herd of white hinds, for the Indians use these for milking, and And their milk very nutritious. It seems to me that this fellow, were he a mariner who had reached harbour after a long sea voyage, would worry at being on land and tremble at being in dock. And it seems that what scared tlie guide so much was that he was now close to the sages ; for the Indians fear these people more than they do their own king, because the very king to whom the land is subject consults them about every- thing that he has to say or do, just as people who send to an oracle of a god ; and the sages indicate to him what it is expedient for him to do, and what is inexpedient, and dissuade and warn him off with signs. XII Then he ran up to Apollonius and addressed chap. We have reached men who are unfeignedly wise, for they seem to have the gift of foreknowledge. On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipt and rolled down. For they say that Dionysus, when he was trying to stox'm the place together with Her- cules, Ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to take it by assault; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed. And they say that they saw a cloud floating round the eminence on which the Indians live and render themselves visible or invisible at will. But iie learnt afterwards that the soil underneath the well was composed of realgar, but that they regarded the water as holy and mysterious, and no one either drank it or drew it up, but it was regarded by the whole land of India all around as binding in oaths. It is here that the Indians purify themselves of involuntary sins, wherefore the sages call the well, the well of testing, and the fire, the fire of pardon. And they say that The jars of they saw there two jars of black stone, of the rains and of tlie winds respectively. But the jar of the winds plays, I imagine, the same role as the bag of Aeolus: And they say that they came chap. These were set up by these Indians and worshipped with Greek rites. And they say that they are met with in the heart of India. Now they regard the summit of this hill as the navel of the earth, and on it they worship fire with mysterious rites, deriving the fire, according to their own account, from the rays of the sun ; and to the Sun they sing a hymn every day at midday. XV Apollonius himself describes the character of tliese chap. BpSxriVj go? And farther they pray to the Sxin who governs the seasons by bis' might, that the latter may siuiceed duly in the land, so that India nuiy ] rosper ; but of a night they intreat the ray of light not to take the night iimiss, but to stay with them just as they have brougiit it down. All the springs which the Bacchanals see Their water, leajnng up from the ground under their feet, whenever Dionysus stirs them and earth in a common convulsion, sjnfing up in plenty for these Indians also when they are entertaining or being entertained. Apollonius therefore was right in saying that people provided as they are with all they want offliand and without having prepared anything, possess what they do not possess. This is what I they make their sacred vesture of, and if anyone , else except these Indians tries to pluck it up, the earth refuses to surrender its wool. And they all carry both a ring and a staff of which the peculiar virtues can eifect all things, and the one and the other, so we learn, are piized as secrets. Buddhisfc monks still wear a similar garment. The so-called wool was asbestos. Then having read the epistle, he chap said: Other people ask those who BrSmans arrive among them, who they are that come, and wily, but the first display we make of our wisdom consists in showing that we are not ignorant who it is that comes. And you may test this point to begin with. All this, just as if he had shared their voyage with them, the Indian recounted straight off, quite clearly and without pausing for breath. And when Apollonius was astounded and asked him how he came to know it all, he replied: And you too are come to share in this wisdom, but you are not yet an adept. But as it is nearly mid- day, and we miisfc get ready our offerings for the Gods, let us now employ oiu'selves with that, and afterwards let us converse as much as you like ; but you must take ] art in all our religious rites. But they sang a song resembling the paean of Sophocles which they sing at Athens in honour of Asclepius. But when they had alighted upon the ground, larchas called the stripling who carried the anchor and said: Do you look after the companions of Apollonius. Bring out the tlironc of Phraotes for the wise Apolloxiins tliat lie may sit upon it to converse with us. Ask chap. We know everything, just because we begin by knowing ourselves ; for no one of us would be admitted to this philosophy unless he first knew himself. XIX He therefore resumed his questions and said: Ethiopians, an Indian race, dwelt in this country, and when Etliiopia. Well, at that time of which I speak, the Ethiopians lived here, and were subject to King Ganges, and the land was sufficient for then sustenance, and the gods watched over them; but when they slew this king, neither did the rest of the Indians regard them as pure, nor did the land permit them to remain upon it ; for it spoiled tlie seed which they sowed in it before it came into ear, and it inflicted miscarriages on their women, and it gave a nnscrable feed to their flocks ; and wherever they tried to found a city, it would give way and sink down under their feet. For this Ganges on one occasion fixed seven swords made of adamant in the earth, to prevent any monster approaching oiir country ; now the gods ordered us to go and offer a sacrifice where he had implanted these weapons, though without indicatiixg the spot where he had fixed them, I was a mere child, and yet I led the interpreters of their will to a trench, and told them to dig there, for it was there 1 said that they had been laid. For it is a terrible thing you tell me, if one so well adapted by nature to the pursuit refuses to embrace philosophy, and has no love for learning, and that although he lives with you. The truth is this stripling was once Palamedes of Troy, and he found his bitterest enemies in Odysseus and Homer ; for the one laid an ambush against him of people by whom he was stoned to death, while the other denied him any place in his Epic ; and becfiuse neither the wisdom with which lie was endowed was of any use to him, nor did he meet with any praise from ITomer, to wliom never- theless many people of no great importance owe their renown, and because he was outwitted by Odysseus in spite of his innocence, he has conceived an aver- sion to philosophy, and deplores his ill-luck. And he is Palamedes, for indeed he can write without liaving learned his letters. The King will come early in tlie afternoon to consult you about his own bu. He accordingly asked Apollonius the question: Since it was an ignoble episode, I do not remember much about it. Egyptian vessel, for I perceive that this is what you were? Is it your having doubled the capes of Malea and Sunium, by checking your ship wLen it was drifting out of its course, and your having disceimed so accurately the quarters from which the winds would blow both fore and aft, or your getting your boat past the reefs in the hollows of Euboea, where any number of spits stick up in the sea? Since you tempt me to chap talk about pilotage, I would have you hear what I consider to have been my soundest exploit at that time. And to get rid of a thousand misfortunes which beset pilots owing to the roughness of tlie sea? However they persevered and promised to give me a purse of a thousand drachmas, if I would be their man and do what tliey wanted. They therefore went offy but I put sti'aight out to sea after doubling the promontory. I am of opinion that all the of Greek Greeks do the same. And I have heard that the slave merchants yonder do exactly the same ; for when they come to you with convoys of Carian slaves and are anxious to recommend their characters to you, they xnake it a great merit of the slaves that they do not steal. Nay more, your cleverest poets will not give you leave to be just and good, even if you want to. For here was Minos, Miuoa a man who exceeded all men in cruelty, and who enslaved with his navies the inhabitants of continent and islands alike, and yet they honour him by placing in liis liand a sceptre of justicte and give him a throne in Hades to be. Now I will presently explain what they toiisider this statue to be, and for what reason they drink from it. XXVI While they were still discussing this topic, a hubbub down below in the village struck their ears, for it seems the king had arrived equipped in the height uompouK of Median fashion and full of pomp. If it were PInmotes who was halting here, you would find a dead silence prevailing everywhere as if you were attending a mystery. Where is the king going to stay? Why, of cour. He says then that wdien tliey had sat down, the king extended his hand as if in prayer to the sages, and they nodded their assent as if they were conceding his request ; and he was transported with joy at the promise, just as if he had come to the oracle of a God. And qiiAK the earth. But the king said: You must judge more reasonably, O king, both about philosopliy and about Phraotes: And what have you gained, O king, by refusing to be a philosoj her? Why, the whole of virtue and the identification of myself with the Sun. If you were a philosopher, you would not entertain such fancies. And my welcome to you also, O king, ibr you appear to liave only just Wrivtd. The Egyptians accordingly wrote and congratulated him warmly on being left alone for four years in his tenure of this throne, but he begged them to cease reproaching the Indians for the T aiicity of their sages. Yes, a parallel one, for if yon chap. Have you, 0 king, any slaves? And the king by way of insult answered hfm: Your very question is worthy of a slave, never- theless I will answer it: And Apollonius answered: And for that aet of audacity, 0 king, he was punished as never yet was any other man. For he had to run away from those wdiom he imagined he had destroyed ; and when I contemplate the ambitions with which Xerxes set out on his campaign, l ean conceive that some were justified in exalting him and saying that he was Zeus ; but when 1 contemplate his flight, I arrive at the ijconviction that lie vras the most illstarred of men. For if he had fallen at the hands of the Hellenes, no one would have earned a brighter fame than he. For to whom would the FIcllenes have raised and dedicated a loftier tomb? What jousts of armed men, what contests of musicians would not have been instituted in honour of him? For if men like Melicertes and Palaemon and Pelo] s the Lydian immigrant, the former of whom died in childhood at the breast, while Pelops enslaved Arcadia and Argolis and the land witinn the Isthmus,— if these were commemor- ated by the Greeks as Gods, what would not CHAP. But at another time I will fill you full with Hellenic arguments,and no otlier race is so rich in them, and you will delight in them wdienever you come hither. Having then at daybreak offered his sacrifice, the king approached Apollonius and offered him the hospitality of his palace, declaring that he would send him back to Greece an object of envy to all. Of elements. And it is not illogical to suppose that it cleaves unto itself ; for as the move- ment of an animal is obtained by use of its hands and feet, and as there is a soul in it by which it is set in motion, so we must regard the parts of the uni- verse also as adapting themselves tlirongh its inherent soul to all creatures which are brought forth or conceived. For example, the suff'erings so often caused by drought are visited on us in accordance with the soul t f the universe, whenever justice has fallen into disrepute and is disowned by men ; and this animal shepherds itself not with a single hand only, but with many mysterious ones, whicjh it has at its disposal ; and though from its immense size it is controlled by no other, yet it moves obediently to the rein and is easily guided. And he praises the look and smile of larchas, and the inspired air with which he expressed his ideas, admitting that Apollo- nius, although he had a ch. If the land be conipared with the chap. Here one of tluc sages asked, why she said this, and she replied ; This child of mine is extremely good-looking, and therefore the devil is amorous of him and will not allow him to retain his reason, nor will he permit him to go to school, or to learn archery, nor even to remain at home, but drives him out into desert places. As for myself I weep over all this, and I tear my cheeks, and I rebuke my son so far as I well may ; but he does not know me. But he promised, if I would only not denounce him to your- selves, to endow the child with many noble blessiuga As for my. He CiiiAP, already thirty years old was a keen hunter of lions ; but a lion had sprung upon him and dislocated his hip so that he limped with otie leg. However wlieu they tnassaged with their hands his hip, the youth immediately recovered his upright gait. And a eex'tain woman had suffered in labour already seven paralytic times, but was healed in the following way through the intercession of her husband. XL And again a certain man who was a father said jhap. And Dainis says that he composed a work on the way to offer sacrifice to the sevei'al gods in a manner suitable axid pleasing to them. Hence the need of translation. XLII As to the subject of foreknowledge, they presently chap. This I regard as the gift of one thoroughly blessed and endowed with the same mysterious power as the Delphic Apollo. Now the ritual insists that those who visit a shrine with a view to obtaining a response, must purify themselves first, otherwise they will be told to depart from the temple. For I do not think that men without the forecasts of a prophetic wusdom would ever have ventured to mingle with medicines that save life these most deadly of poisons. And what have you heard about the make of this animal? What have I to tell you about animals or plants or fountains wliich you have seen yourself on eomizig here? For hj this time you are as competent to describe these to other people as I am ; but I never yet heard in this country of an animal that shoots arrows or of springs of golden water. XLVI Howkver about the stone which attracts and chap. Now in the night-time it glows like the day just as fire might, for it is red and gives out rays ; and if you look at it in the daytime it smites your eyes with a thousand glints and gleams. And the light within it is a s] irit of mysterious power, for it absorbs to itself everything in its neighbourhood. And why do I say in its neiglubourhood? The story of the Egyptians about it, that it comes to E. And this is also done by the swans according to the account of those who have the wit to hear them. L " In such conversations with the sag is Apollonius otiAP. But when he was minded to go on Ivis Bwimuais way, they persuaded him to send hack to Fhraotes with a letter his guide and the camels ; and they themselves gave him auotlier guide and camels, and sent him forth on his way, congratulating both them- selves and him. And having embraced Apollonius and declared that he would be esteemed a god by the many, not merely after his death, but while he was still alive, they tuxmed back to their place of meditation, though ever and anon they turned to- wards him, and showed by their action that they parted from him against their win. And as they went down they saw a great many ostriclxes, and many wild bulls, and many asses and lions and pards and tigers, and another kind of apes than those which inhabit the pepper trees, for these were black and bushy-haired and were dog-like in features and as big as small men. A] ollonius to larehas and the other sages greeting. Farewell, ye goodly phil osophers. L UlAP. They also mention a small island, of the name ofThoisic Biblus, in which there is the large cockle, and Where there are mussels and oysters and such like organisms, clinging to the rocks and ten times as big as those wliich we find in Greece. And there is also taken in this region a pearl in a white shell, wherein it occupies the place of the heart of the oyster. LIV And they say that they also touched at Pegadae in chap. But Oreitao they regard their land as full of gold because the bronze is of such high quality. But the Indians of Carman are a gentle race, who live on tlie edge of a sea so well stocked with fish, that they neibher lay them in by stores, nor salt them as is done in Pontus, but they just sell a few of them and throw back most they catcli panting into the sea. LVI They say that they also touched at Balara, which is chap. And there were kitchen gardens there, as well as flower gardens, all growing luxuriantly, and the liarbours tlierein were entirely calm. Now in this island there lived a Nereid, a dreadful female demon, which would snatch away many niariucrs and would not even allow ships to fasten a cable to the island. For on the side of the island which is turned towards the open sea, the bottom is of great depth, and produces an oy. The inhabitants watch for a calm day, or they themselves render the sea smooth, and this they do by flooding it with oil ; and tlien a man plunges in in oi'der to hunt the oyster in question, and he is in otlier respects ecpiipped like those who cut off the sponges from the rocks, but he carries in addition an oblong iron block and an alabaster case of myrrh. The Indian tlien halts alongside of the oyster and holds out the myrrh before him as a bait ; whereupon the oyster opens and drinks itself drunk upon the myrrh. Then it is pierced with a long pin and discharges a peculiar liquid called ichor, which the man catches in the iron block which is hollowed out in regular holes. The liquid so obtained petrifies in regular shapes, just like tlie natural pearl, which is a white blood furnished by the Red Sea. And they say that the Arabs also who live on the opposite coast devote themselves to catching these creatures. From this point on they found the entire sea full of wild Seals animals, and it was crowded with seals ; and the ships, they say, in order to keep off these animals, carry bells at tlie bow and at the stern, the sound of whicii frightens away these creatures and prevents them from approaching the ships. Apollonius marvelled at the symbolic con- struction of the same, and gave the ] nests nnudi instruction with regard to the ritual of the temple. He then sailed to Ionia, where he excited much admiration and no little esteem among all lovers of wisdom. Apollonius said: So at the risk of estrangiiag the Ephesians, he determined not to wink at such things, but cleared them out and made them odious to most of them. Ill His other discourses he delivered under the trees chap. What then is left for us to do, except to shut overselves up like birds that are being fed tip and fattened, and gorge ourselves in the dark until we literally burst with fat? And since they conducted themselves so foolishly in resjiect of the scourge, he thought that it was not necessary to do anything more for them, but began a tour of the rest of Ionia, regulating their several affairs, and from time to time recommending in his discourses whatever was salutary for his audienceKS. And he there read decree of the lonians, in which they besought him to take part in their solemn meeting ; and in it he met GreX with a name which had not at all an Ionian ring, for a certain Liicullus had signed the resolution. It is the pan- Jartbqmikos Ionian tup. O ye Gods, who are patrons of the lonians, may ye grant to this fair colony to enjoy safety at sea,? VIII And in his discussions, moreover, with the people chap. He accordingly told them that for a city to be rightty conducted by its inhabitants, you need a mixture of concord with party sjirit ; and as this utterance seemed inadmissible and hardly logical, Apollonius realising that most of them did not follow his argument, added: White and black can never be one and the. And let us consider my meaning to be somewhat as follows: Accordingly by way of reforming his audience he said: X Ho Hoot iho. Let us And Inrtliwith "he was in chap. He therefore called together the Ephesians, and said: Apollonius therefore ranged the Kplu'sians around liim and said: And as soon as some of them began to take shots and hit him wnth their stones, the beggar who had seemed to blink and be blind, gave them all a sudden glance and showed that his eyes were full of lire. Then the Ephesians recognised that he was a demon, and they stoned him so thoroughly that their stones were heajjed into a great cairn around him. After a little pause Apollonius bade them remove the stones and ac pmint themselves with the wild anitnal wliich they had slain. XII But Apollonius came about dawn to them and chap. Where is Antistlienes of Paros? And wduui Antistlienes answered that wuis thercc, he said: Tressa, an year-old girl featured in the film, admits she was attracted to porn as a way to escape her Texas hometown. Tressa Silguero in 'Hot Girls Wanted': The year-old featured in the film and admits she was attracted to porn as a way to escape her Texas hometown. However, for some teenagers, the allure proves just too much, and many, who have grown up in the age of the Internet don't have many hang-ups about becoming adult stars. Worryingly, many appear to think that there is nothing wrong with being shot on film and have the attitude 'Why not get paid? We're doing it anyway. And as pop culture has become more and more sexualized, it can even be seen as a badge of honor to partake in the sex industry. According to online porn sites, 'teen' is the most searched term in online pornography, and thousands of young people enter the amateur porn industry every day. The filmmakers said that according to current laws, it's legal for anyone with a camera who calls himself a porn producer to solicit sex. The woman is technically being paid for her 'performance,' not the sex act. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Share this article Share. 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PI ere a spring rises cold, but bubbles iip like a boiling cauldron. The people of the country, then, say that Apollonius was a son of Zeus, but the sage called himself the son of Apollonius. VII On reaching the age when children are click ohap. Plence the words which Apollonius addresses to them in his letter: Be done with getting drunk upon your water.

There he had as his companions in philoso] hy followers of Plato and Ciuysippus and peripatetic philosophers. And he diligently attended also to the discourses of Epicurus, for he did not despise these either, although it wb. And of wine he said that it was a clean drink because it is yielded to men by so well-domesticated a plant as the vine ; but he declared that it endangered the mentfd balance and system and darkened, as with mud, the ether whicdi is in the soul.

Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx the Cilician j roverb: Whither inmuest thou? Is it Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx see the stiipling? Such was the saying go here arose about him, and it gained the distinction of bec.

IX Now' it is well that I should not j ass over, in my ctiap. For an of Assyrian stn] ling came to Asclepius, and tlxough he Ufo tuo was sick, yet he lived the life of luxury, and being iScicriul continually drunk, I will not say he lived, rather he was ever dying. He suffered then from dropsy, and patient finding his pleasure in drunkenness took no care to dry up his malady. What is there in your wisdom that I can profit by?

X Onk day he saw a flood of blood upon the altar, chap. So he went up to the priest and said: For he appears to have come only yesterday, and yet he is sacriffc- ing on this lavish scale. And he declares that he will sacrifice more victims, and dedicate more gifts, if Asclcpius will hearken to him. And he is one of the richest men in existence ; at any rate he owns in Cilicia an eatete bigger than all the Cilicians together possess.

It seems to me, O Priest, that we ouglit nob to welcome this fellow in the Temple: Since then, they know everything, it appears to me that a person who comes.

O Aselepius, the philosophy you teach is secret and congenial to yourself, in that you suffer Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx the wicked to come hither, not even if they pour into your lap all the wealth of India and Sardis.

XII Tins tale also belongs to the peiflod of his chap. There he came upon Apollonius walking alone go here prayed him to recommend him to the god. But he replied: What recommendation can you want from anyone if you are good? So when all was well oiUP. In laying sueh restraint on him. And yet there are those who aeeiisc him falsely of an addiction to venery, alleging that he fell a victim of sucli sins and. But in the ease of Apollonius, mere.

A[ oIl nius then turned to the bystanders, and beckoned to visit web page that they must listen ; and they not only held their tongues from wonderment at him, but they laid the fire they had kindled on the altars which were there. The governor then plucked up courage and said: However, he respected his vow of silcmee and wrote on a writing board his indietinent of the oH'enders and handed it to the governor to read out aloud ; and his indict- ment ran as follows: For they say that Daphne, the daughter of Ladon, there underwent her metamorphosis, and they have a river Bowing there, the Ladon, and a laurel tree is worsliipped by them which they say was substituted for the maiden ; and cypress trees of monnous height surround blie Temple, and the ground sends up springs both ample and placid, in which they say Apollo purified himself by ablution.

What then is the chap, purport of my narrative? Apollonius, when he belield a Temple so graceful and yet the Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx continue reading serious studies, but only of men half-barbarous and uncultivated, remarked: It is not your daughter alone that underwent a change, but you too, so far as one can see, have liecomc a barbana?

You are blaming your governor because you get such a sorry bath; but I blame you because you take a bath at all. Because I asked pie. But he Xxx siex salaone free tubes look excite and delight xxx a great deal of the Magi, who live in Babylon and Susa.

For, he said, he was determined to aeipiaint himself thoroughly with their lore, even if it cost him a journey. XIX And he reached the ancient city of Nineveh, where chap. While he was staying there and forming wiser con- of lo elusions about the image than could the priests and prophets, one Damis, a xiativeof Nineveh, joined him Damis joins as a pupil, tlie same, as 1 said at the beginning, who became the companion of his wanderings abroad and his fellow-traveller and associate in all wisdom, and who has preserved to us many particulars of the source. He admired him, and having a taste for the road, said: You need not wonder at my knowing all human languages ; for, to tell you the truth, 1 also understand all tlie secrets of human silence.

At any rate the volume which he calls liis scrap-book, was intended to serve such a purpose by Darnis, who was determined that notliing about Apollonius should be passed over in silence, nay, that his very solecisms and negligent utterances should also be written down. And I may mention the answer which he made to one who cavilled and found fault with this journal.

Damis replied thus: And Apollonius replied: The other, already scenting his own per- quisites, vSaid: You must then write down in the register these female slaves. Impossible, for they are not female slaves that I am taking out with me, but ladies of quality. Tliese races are so chap. For they curve round the continental tract in question, and discharge tlitur waters into the same.

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Sexting definition Watch Hot porn missionary Video Mentalsex Torches. But of a niglit the elephant i. Such control, O Damis, Jias he over himself, and it is his instinctive obedience which actuates him rather than the man who sits upon him and directs him. And the ludiau ele] haiits are as much bigger, than those of Libya, as these are bigger than the horses of Nisa. And other authorities have dwelt on the age of the animals, and say tliat they are very long-lived ; but our party too say that they came The on an elephant near Taxila, the greatest city in India, wdio was anointed with myrrh by the natives and Tuxiia adorned with fillets. For, they, said, this elephant was one of those who fought on the side of Porus against Alexander; and, as it had made a brave light, Alexander dedicated it to the Sun. And it bad, they say, gold rings around its tusks or horns, whichever you call them, and an inscription was on them written in Clreek, as follows: Alexander the son of Zeus dedicates Ajax to the Sun. And the natives reckoned that years had elapsed since the battle, without taking into account how old the elephant was when he went into battle. For nature implants these tusks in tlieir jaws for the sake of defence. And moreover, a circular ridge is formed year by year at the base of the, horns, as we see in the case of goats and sheep and oxen ; but a tusk grows out quite smooth, and unless something breaks it, it always remains so, for it consists of a material and sub- stance a,s hard as stone. If I may also describe the characters of these elephants ; those which come from the marshes, and are taken there, are considered to be stupid and idle by the Indians ; but those which come from tlie mountains they regard a. Said A] ononius: No one, O Daniis, has instructed them to do this, but tiiey act of their own instinctive wisdom and cleverne. XIV Affection uf olepluxiitH for tlioir youiii? And I also equally have in mind the panther, which, from the warmth of its temperament, delights to become a mother, for that is the time when it is determined to rule the male and be mistress of the household ; and the male puts up with anything and everything from her, subordinating everything 'to the welfare of the offspring. And they say the tigress, although she is the cruellest. And who does not know the ways of birds, bow that the eagles and tlie cranes will not build their nests until they have fixed in them, the one an eagle-stone, and the other a. And if we look at creatures in the sea, we need not wonder at the dolphins loving their m CHAP. And a vijier has been seen licking the serpents whicli it had borne, and caressing them with her tongue, which she shoots out for the jnirpose. But w: But tell me this: But surely they ought to travel in the op] osite fashion, and make tlje biggest ones a wall and ram] art in front of themselves. But the fact that the smallest is able to get across is a sign in itself to the rest that there is no difficulty. And when the Indian received the letter, he declared that , he was highly honoured, and would interest himself in i! And moreover I kxiow that God has set tlie Efliiopian and the Indian at the two extremes or horns of the entire earth, making black the latter who dwell where the sun rises no less than the former who dwell where it sets ; now how should this be the case of the inhabitants, unless they en- joyed summer heat during the winter? But where the sun warms the earth all through the year, how can one suppose that it ever snows? And they also say that they learned from the Indians that the king was in the habit of coming to this river when it rose in the appropriate seasons, and would sacrifice to the river bulls and black horses ; for white is less esteemed by the Indians than black, because, I imagine, the latter is their own colour ; and when he has sacrificed, they say that he plunges into the river a measure of gold made to resemble that which is used in measuring wheat. XX And after they had crossed the idver, they were chap conducted by the satrap's guide direct to Taxila, where the Indian had his royal palace. And they say that on this. And Apollonius says that he was delighted Bysaus with the byssus, because i. And the byssus is imported into Egypt from India for many sacred uses. Taxila, they tell us, is about as big as Nineveh, and was fortified Oroek fairly well after the manner of rreek cities ; and here was the royal residence of the personage who then Taxila ruled the empire of Porus. And they saw a Temple, they say, in front of the wall, which was not far short of feet in size, made of porphyry, and there was constructed within it a shrine, somewhat small as compared with the great size of the Temple which is also surrounded with columns, and deserving of notice. And the metals were blended in the design, melted in like so many colours ; and the character of the picture was also pleasing in itself, for Porus dedicated these designs after the death of the Macedonian, who is depicted in then: And it is said that Porus was grieved at the death of Alexander, and that he lamented him as a generous and good prince ; and as long as Alexander was alive after his departure from India, he never used the royal diction and style, although he had license to do so, nor issued kingly edicts to the Indians, but figured himself as a satrap full of moderation, and guided in every action by the wisli to please Alexander. XXI My argument does not allow me to pass over chap the accounts written of this Poms. If the temper of my subjects is such that I cannot save myself without allies, then for me it is better not to be king. Nay, I shall cany him, if I prove myself the same man I used to be. It ill befits those who have anns to resort to imprecation. For by shewing myself to be such a maii as Alexander found me, I both lost and won everything in one day. O Damis, is there such a thing as painting? Are we not to regard them as works of imitation? Then, Damis, God is' a painter, and has left his winged chariot, upon which he travels, as he disposes of affairs human and divine, and he sits down on these occasions to amuse himself by drawing these pictures, as children make figures in the sand. But Apollonius, on his side, had no wish to humiliate him, for he was not unfeeling in his refutations of people, and said: But I am sure, Damis, you did not mean that ; rather tliat these figures flit through the heaven not only without meaning, but, so far as providence is concerned, by mere chance ; while we who by nature are prone to imitation rearrange and create them in these regular figures. And the same would appear to be true of plastic art. But, methinks, you would not confine painting itself to the mere use of colours, for a single colour was often found sufficient for this purpose by our older j ainters ; and as the art advanced, it employed four, and later, yet more ; but we must also concede the name of a painting to an outline drawn without any colour at all, and composed merely of shadow and light. For in such designs we see a re. But on the walls of the Temple there were luSiindGr red stones, and gold glittered underneath, and gave off a sheen as blight as sunlight. But the statue wa. Robertson Smith, Eeligion of the Semites f , p. Kal Trapacrr'rjcrdp. And when a satrap, for the great esteem in which he held the monarch, desired to bind on his brow a golden mitre adorned with various stones, he said: But my own meal consists ot vegetables and of the pith and fruit of date palms, and of all that a well-watered garden yields in the way of fruit. And a great deal of fruit is yielded to me by the trees which I cultivate with these hands. Then he took Apollonius by the hand, and ] laving bidden the interpreter to depart, he said: But Apollonius was surprised, Apollonius and remarked: Why did you not converse with me thus, from the beginning? But tliat I am quite competent in the Greek speech I will show you amply. Upon it laurels are strewn, and other branches which are similar to the myrtle, but yield to the Indiairs their balm. Upon it are served up fish and birds, and there are also laid upon it wiiole lions and gazelles and swine and the loins of tigers ; for they decline to eat the other parts of this animal, because they say that, as soon as it is born, it lifts up its front paws to the rising Sun. For the archer, before he let fly, went round the banqueters and showed them the point of his weapon, and let them try the missile themselves. Such are their forms of entertainment in their banquets, and they aim straight, even when they are drunk. And the reason is this: And by pure I mean, firstly, in resjiect of his parentage, that no disgraceful deed can be proved against either his father or his mother ; next that their imrents in turn, up to the third generation, are equally pure, that there was no ruffian among them, no debauchee, nor any unjust usurer. And when no scar or reproach can be proved against them, nor any other stain whatever, then it is time narrowly to inspect the young man himself and test him, to see firstly, whetlier he has a good memory, and secondly, whether he is modest and reserved in disposition, and does not merely jiretend to be so, whether he is addicted to drink, or greedy, or a quack, or a buffoon, or rash, or abusive, to see whether he is obedient to his father, to his mother, to his teachers, to his school-masters, and above all, if he makes no bad use of his personal attractions. For whenever an Indian dies, there visits his house a particular authority charged. But the particulars of. For in many cases a man's eyes reveal the secrets of his character, and in many cases there is material for forming a judgment and appraising his value in his eyebrows and cheeks, for from these features the dispositions of people can be detected by wise and scientific men. For '-eciug liial pliilosopliy is highly esteemed in this counliy. XXXI My grandfather was king, and had the same name chap. But they did not carry on the king's government honestly on his behalf. No, by the Sun, but so unfairly that their subjects found their regime oppressive and the government fell into bad repute. And he has more subjects than I have, and his country is much more fertile than this one. The king ho'wever being anxious, to restore liim to his fathers kingdom, my father sfiid: If you see that I am become a genuine philosopher, then restore me ; but if not, let me remain as I am. Now seven years fdterwards the king fell sick, and at the very moment wdien he was dying, he scut for my hither, and ai: But, alas, my good uncle had already taken away the villages, and didn't even leave throne' me the few acres my father had acquired ; for he said that the whole of them belonged to his kingdom, and that I should get more than I deserved if he spared my life. I cannot but think that some god set me on reading this drama at the moment, and I followed the omen; and having crossed the river I learnt that one of the usurpers of the kingdom was dead, and that the other was besieged in this very 2 alace. And when I ap2: But the drone that was within they walled up, although I protested against his being 2mt to such a death. Apollonius inteiTupted and said: You have chap. But tell me this about i] c. Thence it is clear that it was not the Theban Hercules, but the Egyptian one, that came to Gadira, and fixed the limits of the world. For it is yourself I suppose that they honour with their pipes. For unless the mind is thoroughly composed, the eyes will not admit of sleep either. For note how madmen are not able to go to sleep because their mind leaps with excitement, and their thoughts run coursing hither and thither, so that their glances are full of fury and morbid impulse, like those of the dragons who never sleep. All, I tell you, who try to go to sleep when in drink seem to themselves to be rushed up on to the roof, and then to be dashed down to the ground, and to fall into a whirl, as they say ha2: Now these, O king, are the affections of a madman. But those who chunk water, as I do, see things as they really are, and they do not record in fancy things that are not ; and they were never found to be giddy, nor full of drowsiness, or of silliness, nor unduly elated; but they are wide awake and thoroughly rational, and always the same, whether late in the evening or early in the morning when the market is crowded ; for these men never nod, even though they pursue their studies far into the night. For sleep does not drive them forth, pressing down like a slave-holder upon their necks, that are bowed down by the wine ; but you find them free and erect, and they go to bed with a clear, i iire soul and welcome sleep, and are neither buoyed up by the bubbles of their own private luck, nor scared out of their wits by any adversity. For the soul meets both alternatives with equal calm, if it be sober and not overcome by either feeling ; and that is why it can sleep a delightful sleep untouched by the sorrows which startle others from their couches. F jr if it was at dawn and in the sleep of morning- tide, they calculate its meaning on the assumption that the soul is then in a condition to divine soundly and healthily, because by then it has cleansed itself of the stains of wine. But if the vision was seen in the first sleep or at midnight, when the soul is still immersed in the lees of wine and muddied thereby, they decline to make any suggestions, if they are wise. And that the gods also are of this opinion, and that they commit the faculty of oracular resi onse to souls which are sober, I will clearly show. There was, O king, a seer among the Greeks called Am- j hiaraus. And I could mention many oracles, held in repute by Greeks and barbarians alike, where the priest utters his responses from the tripod after imbibing water and not wine. So you may consider me also as a lit vehicle of the god, O king, along with all who drink water. For we are rapt by the nymphs and are bacchantie revellers in sobriety. For in the case of a king a philosophy that is at once moderate and indulgent makes a good mixture, as is seen in your own case ; but an excess of rigour and severity would seem vulgar, O king, and beneath your august station ; and it might be construed by the envious as due to pride. N they had thus conversed, for by this time it chap. And Apollonius, understanding that the king had to give audience to embassies and such -like, said: It seems then to me, O king, right to weigh these men in the balance, as it were, and to examine their respective lives ; for I cannot believe that the gods would deprive the one even of his land, unless he was a bad man, or that they would, on the other hand, bestow on the other even what was under the land, unless he was better than the man who sold it. Accordingly, the opinion of Apollonius prevailed, and the better of tlie two men quitted the court as one on whom the gods liad bestowed this boon. JG aura? I assure you, the true con- dition of the camels has not been acknowledged to you ; for they are in such an evil state that we could carry them rather than they us, and we must have others. But I have a herd of camels on the Indus, all of them white. And Apollonius said that he had enough gold already, because Vardan had given it to the guide on the sly ; but that lie would accept the linen robes, because they were like the cloaks worn by tlie ancient and genuine inhabitants of Attica. And he took up one of the stones and said: O rare stone, msgift how opportunely have I found you, and how jiro- videntially! Neither would the companions of Damis accept for themselves the gold ; neverthe- less they took good handfuls of the gems, in order to dedicate them to the gods, whenever they should regain their own country. XLI So they remained the next day as well, for the chap. Indian would not let them go, and he gave them a letter for larchas, written in the following terms: And let him also see the throne, on wdiieh 1 sat, when you. Father larchas, bestowed on me the kingdom. And his followers too deserve commendation for their devotion to sucli a master. Farewell to yourself and 3 mur companions. And at a short distance from one another there are said to liave been built two gates, carrying the one a statue of Porus, and the other one of Alexander, of both, as I imagine, reconciled to one another after the battle; for the one is in the attitude of one man greeting another, and tlie other of one doing homage. Now they say that the grove in the neighbourhood of the river is dedicated to this goddess, as also the fishes called peacock fish which are bred in this river alone, and which have been given the same name as the bird, because their fins CHAP. There is also a creature in this iiver which resembles a white worm. By melting this down they make an oil, and from this oil, it appears, there is given off a flame such that nothing but glass can contain it. And this creature may be caught by the king alone who utilises it for the capture of cities ; for as soon as the fat in question touches the battlements, a fire is kindled which defies all the ordinary means devised by men against combustibles. II And they say that wild asses are also to be chap. Accordingly, this goblet is reserved for kings, and the king alone may indulge in the chase of this creature. And Apollonius says that he saw this animal, and admired its natural features ; but when Dami. IV They say that from this point they crossed the chap. Nor did they neglect to record the look aitd appearance of tliis tree, and I will repeat exactly their account of it. The inhabitants of the country, however, are not disposed to allow this, because they regard these animals as their benefactors, and so make war against the litms in behalf of them. For this is the way they go to work in collecting the pe]; per ; the. Indians go up to the lower trees and pluck off the fruit, and they make little rouiul shallow pits around the trees, into which they collect the pepper, carelessly tossing it in, as if it had no value and was of tio seinous use to mankind. V After crossing the top of the mountain, they say chap. But they say that this soil is the best in India, and constitutes the greatest of the territorial divisions of that country, extending in length towards the Ganges a jommey of fifteen days and of eighteen from the sea to the mountain of the apes along which it skirts. The whole soil of the plain is blade and fei'tile of everything ; for jtju can see on it standing corn as high as reeds, and yon can also see beans three times as large as the Egyptian kind, as well as sesame and millet of enormous siize. And they say that nuts also grow there, of which many are treasured up in our temples here as objects of curiosity. They also say that they came, upon a tree there resembling the laurel, upon which there grew a cup or husk resembling a very large pomegranate ; and inside the cup there was a kernel as blue as the cups of the hyacinth, but sweeter to the taste than any of the fruits the seasons bring. For it is utterly absurd for those who are amateurs of hare-hunting to spin yarns about the hare, as to how it is caught or ought to be caught, and yet that we should omit to describe a chase as bold as it is wonderful, and in which the sage was careful to assist ; so 1 have written the following accK unt of it: The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size ; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without oiui. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads, but in this respect resemble the she-dragons. VII And the dragons along the foothills and the chap. These actually have a chap. This kind also have beards, and lift their necks on high, while their scales glitter like silver ; Their eyos and the pupils of their eyes consist of a fiery stone, and they say that this has an uncanny power for goiuH many secret purposes. In most respects they resemble the largest swine, but they are slighter in build and flexible, and they have teeth as sharp and indestruct- ible as those of the largest fishes. VIII Now the dragons of the mountains have scales of chap a golden colour, and in length excel those of plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of catching a golden hue ; and their eyebrows are more prominent than those of the plain, and their eye is sunk deep of spells under the eyebrow, and emits a tei-rible and ruthless glance. And they give off a noise like the clashing of brass whenever they are burrowing under the earth, and from their crests, which are all fiery red, there flashes a fire brighter than a torch. They embroider golden runes on a scarlet chap cloak, which they lay in front of the animafs burrow after charming them to sleep with the runes ; for this is the only way to overcome the eyes of the dragon, which are otherwise inflexible, and much mysteri- ous lore is sung by them to overcome him. These runes induce the dragon to stretch his neck out of his burrow and fall asleep over them: And they say that in the heads of the mountain dragons there are stored away stones of flowery colour, which flash out all kinds of hues, and possess a mystical powder if set in a ring, like that which they say belonged to Gyges, But often the Indian, in spite of his axe and his cunning, is caught by the dragon, who carries him off into his burrow, and almost shakes the mountains as he disappears. These are also said to inhabit the mountains in the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, and they say that they heard them hissing terribly and that they saw them go down to the shore and swim far out into the sea. It was impossible however to ascertain the number of years that this creature lives, nor would my statements be believed. This is all I know about dragons. IX They tell us that the city under the mountain is chap of great size and is called Parax, and that in the centre of it are stored up a great many heads of dragons, for the Indians who inhabit it are trained from their boyhood in this form of sport. X C'Ap. And as they advanced they thought they heard the pipe of some shepherd marshalling his flock, but it turned out to be a man looking after a herd of white hinds, for the Indians use these for milking, and And their milk very nutritious. It seems to me that this fellow, were he a mariner who had reached harbour after a long sea voyage, would worry at being on land and tremble at being in dock. And it seems that what scared tlie guide so much was that he was now close to the sages ; for the Indians fear these people more than they do their own king, because the very king to whom the land is subject consults them about every- thing that he has to say or do, just as people who send to an oracle of a god ; and the sages indicate to him what it is expedient for him to do, and what is inexpedient, and dissuade and warn him off with signs. XII Then he ran up to Apollonius and addressed chap. We have reached men who are unfeignedly wise, for they seem to have the gift of foreknowledge. On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipt and rolled down. For they say that Dionysus, when he was trying to stox'm the place together with Her- cules, Ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to take it by assault; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed. And they say that they saw a cloud floating round the eminence on which the Indians live and render themselves visible or invisible at will. But iie learnt afterwards that the soil underneath the well was composed of realgar, but that they regarded the water as holy and mysterious, and no one either drank it or drew it up, but it was regarded by the whole land of India all around as binding in oaths. It is here that the Indians purify themselves of involuntary sins, wherefore the sages call the well, the well of testing, and the fire, the fire of pardon. And they say that The jars of they saw there two jars of black stone, of the rains and of tlie winds respectively. But the jar of the winds plays, I imagine, the same role as the bag of Aeolus: And they say that they came chap. These were set up by these Indians and worshipped with Greek rites. And they say that they are met with in the heart of India. Now they regard the summit of this hill as the navel of the earth, and on it they worship fire with mysterious rites, deriving the fire, according to their own account, from the rays of the sun ; and to the Sun they sing a hymn every day at midday. XV Apollonius himself describes the character of tliese chap. BpSxriVj go? And farther they pray to the Sxin who governs the seasons by bis' might, that the latter may siuiceed duly in the land, so that India nuiy ] rosper ; but of a night they intreat the ray of light not to take the night iimiss, but to stay with them just as they have brougiit it down. All the springs which the Bacchanals see Their water, leajnng up from the ground under their feet, whenever Dionysus stirs them and earth in a common convulsion, sjnfing up in plenty for these Indians also when they are entertaining or being entertained. Apollonius therefore was right in saying that people provided as they are with all they want offliand and without having prepared anything, possess what they do not possess. This is what I they make their sacred vesture of, and if anyone , else except these Indians tries to pluck it up, the earth refuses to surrender its wool. And they all carry both a ring and a staff of which the peculiar virtues can eifect all things, and the one and the other, so we learn, are piized as secrets. Buddhisfc monks still wear a similar garment. The so-called wool was asbestos. Then having read the epistle, he chap said: Other people ask those who BrSmans arrive among them, who they are that come, and wily, but the first display we make of our wisdom consists in showing that we are not ignorant who it is that comes. And you may test this point to begin with. All this, just as if he had shared their voyage with them, the Indian recounted straight off, quite clearly and without pausing for breath. And when Apollonius was astounded and asked him how he came to know it all, he replied: And you too are come to share in this wisdom, but you are not yet an adept. But as it is nearly mid- day, and we miisfc get ready our offerings for the Gods, let us now employ oiu'selves with that, and afterwards let us converse as much as you like ; but you must take ] art in all our religious rites. But they sang a song resembling the paean of Sophocles which they sing at Athens in honour of Asclepius. But when they had alighted upon the ground, larchas called the stripling who carried the anchor and said: Do you look after the companions of Apollonius. Bring out the tlironc of Phraotes for the wise Apolloxiins tliat lie may sit upon it to converse with us. Ask chap. We know everything, just because we begin by knowing ourselves ; for no one of us would be admitted to this philosophy unless he first knew himself. XIX He therefore resumed his questions and said: Ethiopians, an Indian race, dwelt in this country, and when Etliiopia. Well, at that time of which I speak, the Ethiopians lived here, and were subject to King Ganges, and the land was sufficient for then sustenance, and the gods watched over them; but when they slew this king, neither did the rest of the Indians regard them as pure, nor did the land permit them to remain upon it ; for it spoiled tlie seed which they sowed in it before it came into ear, and it inflicted miscarriages on their women, and it gave a nnscrable feed to their flocks ; and wherever they tried to found a city, it would give way and sink down under their feet. For this Ganges on one occasion fixed seven swords made of adamant in the earth, to prevent any monster approaching oiir country ; now the gods ordered us to go and offer a sacrifice where he had implanted these weapons, though without indicatiixg the spot where he had fixed them, I was a mere child, and yet I led the interpreters of their will to a trench, and told them to dig there, for it was there 1 said that they had been laid. For it is a terrible thing you tell me, if one so well adapted by nature to the pursuit refuses to embrace philosophy, and has no love for learning, and that although he lives with you. The truth is this stripling was once Palamedes of Troy, and he found his bitterest enemies in Odysseus and Homer ; for the one laid an ambush against him of people by whom he was stoned to death, while the other denied him any place in his Epic ; and becfiuse neither the wisdom with which lie was endowed was of any use to him, nor did he meet with any praise from ITomer, to wliom never- theless many people of no great importance owe their renown, and because he was outwitted by Odysseus in spite of his innocence, he has conceived an aver- sion to philosophy, and deplores his ill-luck. And he is Palamedes, for indeed he can write without liaving learned his letters. The King will come early in tlie afternoon to consult you about his own bu. He accordingly asked Apollonius the question: Since it was an ignoble episode, I do not remember much about it. Egyptian vessel, for I perceive that this is what you were? Is it your having doubled the capes of Malea and Sunium, by checking your ship wLen it was drifting out of its course, and your having disceimed so accurately the quarters from which the winds would blow both fore and aft, or your getting your boat past the reefs in the hollows of Euboea, where any number of spits stick up in the sea? Since you tempt me to chap talk about pilotage, I would have you hear what I consider to have been my soundest exploit at that time. And to get rid of a thousand misfortunes which beset pilots owing to the roughness of tlie sea? However they persevered and promised to give me a purse of a thousand drachmas, if I would be their man and do what tliey wanted. They therefore went offy but I put sti'aight out to sea after doubling the promontory. I am of opinion that all the of Greek Greeks do the same. And I have heard that the slave merchants yonder do exactly the same ; for when they come to you with convoys of Carian slaves and are anxious to recommend their characters to you, they xnake it a great merit of the slaves that they do not steal. Nay more, your cleverest poets will not give you leave to be just and good, even if you want to. For here was Minos, Miuoa a man who exceeded all men in cruelty, and who enslaved with his navies the inhabitants of continent and islands alike, and yet they honour him by placing in liis liand a sceptre of justicte and give him a throne in Hades to be. Now I will presently explain what they toiisider this statue to be, and for what reason they drink from it. XXVI While they were still discussing this topic, a hubbub down below in the village struck their ears, for it seems the king had arrived equipped in the height uompouK of Median fashion and full of pomp. If it were PInmotes who was halting here, you would find a dead silence prevailing everywhere as if you were attending a mystery. Where is the king going to stay? Why, of cour. He says then that wdien tliey had sat down, the king extended his hand as if in prayer to the sages, and they nodded their assent as if they were conceding his request ; and he was transported with joy at the promise, just as if he had come to the oracle of a God. And qiiAK the earth. But the king said: You must judge more reasonably, O king, both about philosopliy and about Phraotes: And what have you gained, O king, by refusing to be a philosoj her? Why, the whole of virtue and the identification of myself with the Sun. If you were a philosopher, you would not entertain such fancies. And my welcome to you also, O king, ibr you appear to liave only just Wrivtd. The Egyptians accordingly wrote and congratulated him warmly on being left alone for four years in his tenure of this throne, but he begged them to cease reproaching the Indians for the T aiicity of their sages. Yes, a parallel one, for if yon chap. Have you, 0 king, any slaves? And the king by way of insult answered hfm: Your very question is worthy of a slave, never- theless I will answer it: And Apollonius answered: And for that aet of audacity, 0 king, he was punished as never yet was any other man. For he had to run away from those wdiom he imagined he had destroyed ; and when I contemplate the ambitions with which Xerxes set out on his campaign, l ean conceive that some were justified in exalting him and saying that he was Zeus ; but when 1 contemplate his flight, I arrive at the ijconviction that lie vras the most illstarred of men. For if he had fallen at the hands of the Hellenes, no one would have earned a brighter fame than he. For to whom would the FIcllenes have raised and dedicated a loftier tomb? What jousts of armed men, what contests of musicians would not have been instituted in honour of him? For if men like Melicertes and Palaemon and Pelo] s the Lydian immigrant, the former of whom died in childhood at the breast, while Pelops enslaved Arcadia and Argolis and the land witinn the Isthmus,— if these were commemor- ated by the Greeks as Gods, what would not CHAP. But at another time I will fill you full with Hellenic arguments,and no otlier race is so rich in them, and you will delight in them wdienever you come hither. Having then at daybreak offered his sacrifice, the king approached Apollonius and offered him the hospitality of his palace, declaring that he would send him back to Greece an object of envy to all. Of elements. And it is not illogical to suppose that it cleaves unto itself ; for as the move- ment of an animal is obtained by use of its hands and feet, and as there is a soul in it by which it is set in motion, so we must regard the parts of the uni- verse also as adapting themselves tlirongh its inherent soul to all creatures which are brought forth or conceived. For example, the suff'erings so often caused by drought are visited on us in accordance with the soul t f the universe, whenever justice has fallen into disrepute and is disowned by men ; and this animal shepherds itself not with a single hand only, but with many mysterious ones, whicjh it has at its disposal ; and though from its immense size it is controlled by no other, yet it moves obediently to the rein and is easily guided. And he praises the look and smile of larchas, and the inspired air with which he expressed his ideas, admitting that Apollo- nius, although he had a ch. If the land be conipared with the chap. Here one of tluc sages asked, why she said this, and she replied ; This child of mine is extremely good-looking, and therefore the devil is amorous of him and will not allow him to retain his reason, nor will he permit him to go to school, or to learn archery, nor even to remain at home, but drives him out into desert places. As for myself I weep over all this, and I tear my cheeks, and I rebuke my son so far as I well may ; but he does not know me. But he promised, if I would only not denounce him to your- selves, to endow the child with many noble blessiuga As for my. He CiiiAP, already thirty years old was a keen hunter of lions ; but a lion had sprung upon him and dislocated his hip so that he limped with otie leg. However wlieu they tnassaged with their hands his hip, the youth immediately recovered his upright gait. And a eex'tain woman had suffered in labour already seven paralytic times, but was healed in the following way through the intercession of her husband. XL And again a certain man who was a father said jhap. And Dainis says that he composed a work on the way to offer sacrifice to the sevei'al gods in a manner suitable axid pleasing to them. Hence the need of translation. XLII As to the subject of foreknowledge, they presently chap. This I regard as the gift of one thoroughly blessed and endowed with the same mysterious power as the Delphic Apollo. Now the ritual insists that those who visit a shrine with a view to obtaining a response, must purify themselves first, otherwise they will be told to depart from the temple. For I do not think that men without the forecasts of a prophetic wusdom would ever have ventured to mingle with medicines that save life these most deadly of poisons. And what have you heard about the make of this animal? What have I to tell you about animals or plants or fountains wliich you have seen yourself on eomizig here? For hj this time you are as competent to describe these to other people as I am ; but I never yet heard in this country of an animal that shoots arrows or of springs of golden water. XLVI Howkver about the stone which attracts and chap. Now in the night-time it glows like the day just as fire might, for it is red and gives out rays ; and if you look at it in the daytime it smites your eyes with a thousand glints and gleams. And the light within it is a s] irit of mysterious power, for it absorbs to itself everything in its neighbourhood. And why do I say in its neiglubourhood? The story of the Egyptians about it, that it comes to E. And this is also done by the swans according to the account of those who have the wit to hear them. L " In such conversations with the sag is Apollonius otiAP. But when he was minded to go on Ivis Bwimuais way, they persuaded him to send hack to Fhraotes with a letter his guide and the camels ; and they themselves gave him auotlier guide and camels, and sent him forth on his way, congratulating both them- selves and him. And having embraced Apollonius and declared that he would be esteemed a god by the many, not merely after his death, but while he was still alive, they tuxmed back to their place of meditation, though ever and anon they turned to- wards him, and showed by their action that they parted from him against their win. And as they went down they saw a great many ostriclxes, and many wild bulls, and many asses and lions and pards and tigers, and another kind of apes than those which inhabit the pepper trees, for these were black and bushy-haired and were dog-like in features and as big as small men. A] ollonius to larehas and the other sages greeting. Farewell, ye goodly phil osophers. L UlAP. They also mention a small island, of the name ofThoisic Biblus, in which there is the large cockle, and Where there are mussels and oysters and such like organisms, clinging to the rocks and ten times as big as those wliich we find in Greece. And there is also taken in this region a pearl in a white shell, wherein it occupies the place of the heart of the oyster. LIV And they say that they also touched at Pegadae in chap. But Oreitao they regard their land as full of gold because the bronze is of such high quality. But the Indians of Carman are a gentle race, who live on tlie edge of a sea so well stocked with fish, that they neibher lay them in by stores, nor salt them as is done in Pontus, but they just sell a few of them and throw back most they catcli panting into the sea. LVI They say that they also touched at Balara, which is chap. And there were kitchen gardens there, as well as flower gardens, all growing luxuriantly, and the liarbours tlierein were entirely calm. Now in this island there lived a Nereid, a dreadful female demon, which would snatch away many niariucrs and would not even allow ships to fasten a cable to the island. For on the side of the island which is turned towards the open sea, the bottom is of great depth, and produces an oy. The inhabitants watch for a calm day, or they themselves render the sea smooth, and this they do by flooding it with oil ; and tlien a man plunges in in oi'der to hunt the oyster in question, and he is in otlier respects ecpiipped like those who cut off the sponges from the rocks, but he carries in addition an oblong iron block and an alabaster case of myrrh. The Indian tlien halts alongside of the oyster and holds out the myrrh before him as a bait ; whereupon the oyster opens and drinks itself drunk upon the myrrh. Then it is pierced with a long pin and discharges a peculiar liquid called ichor, which the man catches in the iron block which is hollowed out in regular holes. The liquid so obtained petrifies in regular shapes, just like tlie natural pearl, which is a white blood furnished by the Red Sea. And they say that the Arabs also who live on the opposite coast devote themselves to catching these creatures. From this point on they found the entire sea full of wild Seals animals, and it was crowded with seals ; and the ships, they say, in order to keep off these animals, carry bells at tlie bow and at the stern, the sound of whicii frightens away these creatures and prevents them from approaching the ships. Apollonius marvelled at the symbolic con- struction of the same, and gave the ] nests nnudi instruction with regard to the ritual of the temple. He then sailed to Ionia, where he excited much admiration and no little esteem among all lovers of wisdom. Apollonius said: So at the risk of estrangiiag the Ephesians, he determined not to wink at such things, but cleared them out and made them odious to most of them. Ill His other discourses he delivered under the trees chap. What then is left for us to do, except to shut overselves up like birds that are being fed tip and fattened, and gorge ourselves in the dark until we literally burst with fat? And since they conducted themselves so foolishly in resjiect of the scourge, he thought that it was not necessary to do anything more for them, but began a tour of the rest of Ionia, regulating their several affairs, and from time to time recommending in his discourses whatever was salutary for his audienceKS. And he there read decree of the lonians, in which they besought him to take part in their solemn meeting ; and in it he met GreX with a name which had not at all an Ionian ring, for a certain Liicullus had signed the resolution. It is the pan- Jartbqmikos Ionian tup. O ye Gods, who are patrons of the lonians, may ye grant to this fair colony to enjoy safety at sea,? VIII And in his discussions, moreover, with the people chap. He accordingly told them that for a city to be rightty conducted by its inhabitants, you need a mixture of concord with party sjirit ; and as this utterance seemed inadmissible and hardly logical, Apollonius realising that most of them did not follow his argument, added: White and black can never be one and the. And let us consider my meaning to be somewhat as follows: Accordingly by way of reforming his audience he said: X Ho Hoot iho. Let us And Inrtliwith "he was in chap. He therefore called together the Ephesians, and said: Apollonius therefore ranged the Kplu'sians around liim and said: And as soon as some of them began to take shots and hit him wnth their stones, the beggar who had seemed to blink and be blind, gave them all a sudden glance and showed that his eyes were full of lire. Then the Ephesians recognised that he was a demon, and they stoned him so thoroughly that their stones were heajjed into a great cairn around him. After a little pause Apollonius bade them remove the stones and ac pmint themselves with the wild anitnal wliich they had slain. XII But Apollonius came about dawn to them and chap. Where is Antistlienes of Paros? And wduui Antistlienes answered that wuis thercc, he said: But as the company was many times too great for the ship, spying a larger ship,- — for there were many in the iieiglibourhood of the tomb of Ajax, — he said: Let us go on board this, for it is a good thing to get home safely with as many as may be. AeoliauSj wliich lies over against Lesbos, and then to turn as close as lie could to Methynina, and there to cast anelior. For there it he said, that Achilles Finds and declared Pahunedes lay, where also they would find Ins image a cubit high, representing however a man PaiawcduB older than was ever Palamedes' And at the moment of disembarking from the ship, he said: To the divine Palamedes. O Palamedes, do thou forget the wrath, wherewith thou wa,st wroth against the Achaeans, and grant that meiT may multiply in numbers and wisdom. Cease to meddle with my affairs, for I have already put up long enough wnth your vaticinations. But as Damis found fault with some of the things they said, and cut short many of tlieir remarks, and would not allow some of their piestions to be f ut, Apollonius realised that he was anxious to discuss some other topic and said: What ails yon, Damis, that you break in on the course of our questions in this way? For I am sure that it is not because you are seasick or in any way inconvenienced by the voyage, that you object to our conversation ; for you see how smoothly our ship is wafted over her bosom by the submissive sea. Why then are you. If then we hold the truth, show to us your owni form ; for you would profit not a little by showing yourself to my tyes, if you should be able to use them to attest your existencH?. Though he was stern to look upon, he never lost his bright look ; and it seems to me that his beauty has never received its meed of praise, even though Homer dwelt at length upon it ; for it was really beyond the power of words, and it is easier for the singer to ruin his fame in this r. So ask me five questions about whatever you like, and that the Fates approve of. But as for the dirges of the Muses and of the Nereids, which they. The third question I asked was this: Now most people neglected the initiation and hung around Apf lloniu-. Tiiercnipon Apollonius, fully equal to the occasicm, said: You have not yet mentioned the chief of my offence, which is that knowing, as I do, more about the initiatory rite than you do yourself, I have never- theless come for initiation to you, as if you were wiser than I am. Be thou initiated, for thou seexnest to be some wise man that has come here. Then Apollonius looked up at him and said: Now most people thouglit that it was tlie boisterous humour of youth which led him into such excesses ; but he was really the mouth- piece of a devil, though it only seemed a drunken frolic in which on that occasion he was indulging. Now when Apollonius ga? But the young man rubbed Ins eyes as if he had just woke up, and he looked towards the rays of the sun, and won the con- sideration of all wJio now had turned their attention to him ; for he no longer showed himself licentious, nor did he stare madly a] out, but lie had returned to his own self, as thoroughly as if lie had been treated with drugs ; and he gave up his dainty dress aiid simnnery garments and the rc'st of his sybaritic way of lifts and he fell in love with the austerity of philosophers, and donned their cloak, and stripping ofF his old self modelled his life in future upon tliat of Apollonius. And what do you mean by your saffron robes and your purple and scarlet raiment? For surely the Acharnians never dressed themselves up in this way, nor ever the knights of Colonxis rode in such a garb. And why do I say this? And now it seems that the same i eople are ready to swear to become bacchants and don the thyrsus in behalf of their country ; and no one hears a helmet, but disguised as female harlequins, to use the phrase of Euripides, they shine in shame alone. Nay more, I Kurip, Iiear that you turn yourselves into winds, and wave your skirts, and pretend that you are ships bellying their sails aloft. And this he said in an epistle to them ; he said that he was ,surj rised that the goddess had not already piitted the Acro2 olis, when you shed such blood under her eyes. And thou, O DionysiLS, dost thou after such bloodshed frequent their theatre? And do the wise among the Athenians pour libations to thee there? Nay do tlnni depart, O Dionysus. And they were so frightened that they passed a resolution for the resumption of the ceremonies at the tomb. It is these men that I admire, and Ijryoiui. And as the Olympic Games lain vitmi to were coming on, and the people of Elis invited him to take part in the contest, he answered: And he also won the prize for tragedians at Olympia. It is said that he then formed the novel project of cutting through the Isthmus, in order to make it possible for ships to sail right round and by it, and to unite the Aegean with the Adriatic Sea. So instead of every ship having to round Cape Malea, most by passing through the canal so cut could abridge an otherwise circuitous voyage. But mark the upshot of the oracle delivered by Apollonius. XXV Now there was in Corinth at that time a man chiac. When you reach the place this evening, you will hear my voice as I sing to you, and you shall have wine such as you never before drank, and there will be no rival to disturb you ; and we two beautiful beings will live together. Then Apollonius lookcal over M uiip] as as a sculptor might do, and he sketched an outline of tlie youtli and examinc'd Ivim, and having observed his foibles, he said: For this lady is of a kind you cannot marry. Why should you? Do you think that she loves you? Where is the dainty lady at whose instance ye are come? And Apollonius said: Have you heard of the gardens of Tantalus, how tliey exist and yet do not exist? But Apollonius insisted and w'otdd not let her off, and then she admitted that. I have related at length, because it was necessary to do so, this the best-known story of Apollonius ; for many people are aware of it and know that the incident occurred in the centre of Hellas ; but they have only heard in a general and vague manner that he once cauglit and overcame a lamia in Coxinth, l ut they have never learned wdxat she was about, nor that he did it to save Menij piis, bub I cnvc my own account to Damis and to the work which he wrote. XXVI It was ab this time also that he had a difference chap. But he feigned a wisdom of Ins own, and no bridle could pamciido be set upon his tongue. However, Apollonius put a stop to his reviling himself, both by the letters which he sent him, and the harangues which he delivered against him. And when he learned that they had set their house in order, he sent them an epistle from Olympia, briefer than any cipher despatch of ancient Sjxarte ; and it ran as follows: Ai oll nius while admit- ting that this account was wisely conceived, said that the truth was still wiser. As to tlic meaning then of his mitre, I need not exjdain it further than by reminding you that the hero was a priest. But the pomegranate is the only fruit which is grown in honour of Hera; and the disk beneath his feet' means that the priest is stand- ing on a small shield to offer his i rayer to Hera ; and this is also indicated by his right hand. Is it the Zeus of this fane, and are you going to say that there is nothing like him on the wLole earth? For I shall say how the seasons and how everything on earth and above the earth, and how the winds and all the stars belong to Zeus. It seems to me that you are a past-master of encomium. And wliile you are about it, you would do as well to attend funerals and detail the praises of the various diseases of which the people died; for so 3 ''ou will somewhat soothe the regrets of the fathers and children and the near relations of the deceased. For how can a man praise things which he does not know? Olympia turned upon the most profitable topics, such as wisdom and courage and temperance, and in SvM to a word upon all the virtues. And the Lacedaemonians flocked round him and invited him to share the hospitality of their shrine of Zeus, and made him lather of their youths at home, and legislator of their lives and the honour of their old men. Now there was a Corinthian who felt j iqued at all this, and asked wdiether they were also going to celebrate a theophany for him. And their tJiird question was: How are men to be revered? Why what else, but that you should display it? Apollonius then hearing that he -was arraigned for this conduct, thought it a pity to desert the youtii who bad thus fallen under the hand of justice, and said to hinx: My excellent fellow, why do you go about so full of anxiety and with such a gloomy air? In the first place they roam from sea to sea, looking for some market that is badly stocked ; and then they sell and buy, associating with factors and brokers, and they put out their own capital at tile most unholy rate of interest in their hurry to get back the principal ; and if they do well, their ship has a lucky voyage, and they tell you a long story of how they never wrecked it either willingly or unwillingly ; but if tlicir gains do not balance their debts, they jump into their long boats and dash their ships on to the rocks, and make no bones as sailors of robbing others of their substance, pretending in the most blasphemous manner that it is an act of God. However, for some teenagers, the allure proves just too much, and many, who have grown up in the age of the Internet don't have many hang-ups about becoming adult stars. Worryingly, many appear to think that there is nothing wrong with being shot on film and have the attitude 'Why not get paid? We're doing it anyway. And as pop culture has become more and more sexualized, it can even be seen as a badge of honor to partake in the sex industry. According to online porn sites, 'teen' is the most searched term in online pornography, and thousands of young people enter the amateur porn industry every day. The filmmakers said that according to current laws, it's legal for anyone with a camera who calls himself a porn producer to solicit sex. The woman is technically being paid for her 'performance,' not the sex act. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Share this article Share. 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